Hegemonic Stability Theory: The Origins Of The Cold War

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The Cold War was an ideological battle on how to industrialize aspects of modern society. With countries weakened due to World War II, America and the Soviet Union both rose as a strong, dominant power to the rest of the world. The United States feared that communism would spread through Eastern Europe, then to countries like Italy and France, which would then move to them (The Origins of the Cold War). As Kaufman states in her book “A Concise History of U.S. Foreign Policy”, an unintended consequence of World War II was establishing the context of the Cold War, as a result of the clashing power between the Soviet Union and United States (Kaufman 83). From this, there are many theories that political scientists have established to explain how…show more content…
This is because the Cold War was a consistent battle to be the top military and economic power between the United States and Soviet Union. This was seen through many different events in the Cold War, like the 1947 Berlin Blockade, containment policies, and the stockpiling of nuclear weapons (The Origins of the Cold War). All of these major events were fundamental aspects that motivated the Cold War, and kept the war cold. Hegemonic stability theory is the theory that a central state must establish rules of the game that everyone follows to support the system to have international order (Datta 2016). This means that one country must have both hard and soft power, meaning economic and military power, as well as cultural power, in order to have international order (Datta 2016). After World War II, the rest of the world was blown apart, including Britain, who used to be the hegemonic power because of their control of the sea (Datta 2016). Now, the United States had both military and economic superiority, with exception to the Soviet Union. This conflict for hegemonic dominance and power led to the Cold
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