Their growing suspicions of each other led to the Cold War, an indirect conflict that stemmed from a fear of nuclear destruction and was fought by each country supporting different international conflicts through aid and acquisition. As allies during World War II, the US and the Soviet Union teamed up against Nazi power. In a joint message of assistance to the Soviet Union in 1941, Roosevelt and Churchill wrote to the ally about the urgency of defenses against Nazi attack and intent of sending supplies (Document A). While the countries had the common interest of defeating Nazism, tensions were existent in disagreements during the war. In the next year Stalin, in a memorandum to aides, wrote about opening a second front in Europe.
Another fear was the rapid spread of communism into countries in Eastern Europe and Asia. As concern of the public grew in regards to the spread of communism the government started to adjoin more foreign policy geared towards solving that predicament. The United States believed that it was there responsibility as superpower to protect democracy, and be leading example to other nations of protecting the rights of individuals. As a result the idea of containment was formed. The word “containment” to describe stopping the spread of communism was coined by George Kennen.
Stalin's success was seen as the beginning of creating Russian aggressions. The Western view seen Stalin... ... middle of paper ... ...other in territorial gain. Stalin was part of the Cold War because of him creating aggression and tension through other countries. No single side is solely responsible for the Cold War. The United States cannot be blamed without also blaming the USSR and Vice Versa.
Truman believed that communism would affect the political stability of other countries. In addition, Truman made one of the most difficult and significant decisions of World War II by announcing that the atomic bombs would be dropped on both Nagasaki and Hiroshima. The atomic bomb symbolized military strength, which posed as a threat to Soviet security. Lastly, the containment policy of the Truman Doctrine prevented the expansion of communism of the Soviet Union, slowing the Communist influence of the Middle East. As the first U.S. President to face the Cold War, Harry S. Truman strongly impacted the Cold War through his political views and contributions, pulling the strings of the relationship of the two Cold War adversaries, the United States and the Soviet Union.
After the end of WW2, two major governmental institutions, the USA and the USSR, with conflicting political ideologies and agendas, set forth to dominate each other in international politics. This period of time, also known as the Cold War, initiated an era of crazed hysteria in the United States as these two governments frequently clashed and bitterly fought. As a result, the frightened public grew delirious as the world grew dangerously close to a calamitous nuclear war, which ultimately prompted the Eisenhower administration to hinder the spread of communism and encourage the U.S. population to rapidly pursue higher education for the future welfare of this nation. One of the biggest fears of the American people is that the concept of communism contrasts drastically from the concept of capitalism, which the United States was essentially founded upon. The United States, as the public believed, was not a land of perfect communal equality, but rather a land of equal opportunity.
The Cold War historiography, specifically the issue of nuclear deterrence has provided historians the classic dialectic of an original thesis that is challenged by an antithesis. Both then emerge in the resolution of a new synthesis. Unfortunately, each evolution of a new synthesis is quickly demolished with each political crisis and technological advance during the Cold War narrative. The traditional/orthodox views were often challenged by the conventional wisdom with the creation of synthesis or post revisionism. There appears to be a multiple historiographical trends on nuclear deterrence over the Cold War; each were dependent and shaped upon international events and technological developments.
The Cold War was the ongoing state of tension between the Soviet Union and the United States that occurred from 1946 to 1991. The hostility between the two countries was evident through political affairs, military and weaponry intensification, and economic rivalry. At many points in time, the two sides were on the verge of nuclear confrontation, which would have vastly altered the world as people know it today. Fortunately, the two countries never engaged in major warfare, thereby coining the state of friction as a cold war. Progressing forward, the purpose of this essay is to expound the origins of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States.
The Cold War was an argument between the Soviet Union and the United States of America after WWII. During WWII the USA and the Soviet Union were allies fighting a common cause; Adolph Hitler who was attempting to overthrow the surrounding countries. Although the USA and the Soviet Union were allies, the relationship between the two countries was very tense (What Was). Neither country trusted the other. After WWII their relationship became even more tense due to the building of new weapons capable of destroying entire countries.
Introduction When World War II finally came to a close on May 7, 1945, a new war was just beginning. The Cold War symbolized the evident, yet unorthodox rivalry that stemmed between the United States and Soviet Russia, including their respective allies. (This war was fought on economic, political, and propaganda scales , with limited alternatives to weaponry, largely due to the fact that they had fear of a nuclear genocide. )^1 This expression, “The Cold War”, was initially used by Presidential Adviser, Bernard Baruch, in a “legislative debate in 1947.”("Bernard Baruch Coins the Term "Cold War"" History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d.
His first goal was to gain a hug... ... middle of paper ... ... worsened between the superpowers since the conference. The Beginning of the Race (Groueff 145-178) (Roberts 210-215) The nuclear arms race was central to the Cold War. Many feared what direction the Cold War was going with the impression that the more nuclear weapons you had, the more successful and powerful you were. Both America and Russia massively increased their abundant amounts of nuclear weapons. The nuclear arms race was a competition for supremacy in nuclear warfare.