The major air pollutants are acid rain, smog, fly ash, and indoor air pollutants. Acid rain is caused by when exhaust from burning fossil fuels combine with water vapor in the atmosphere and falls as rain or snow. Acid rain causes extensive damage to water, forest, soil, resources, and even human health. Many lakes and streams have been contaminated by acid rain and this had lead to a diminished population of fish. Acid rain has lead to the international limitations of sulphur and nitrogen oxide.
Another type of smog is created from dirt particles in smoke from the chimneys of factories and houses (Stille 22). These dirt particles cling to drops of water in the air, which can make eyes water, noses itch, and throats scratchy and sore. People within these cities that deal with this murky haze are much more likely to experience discomfort and develop lung problems due to breathing in too much polluted air (Asimov 15). Acid rain, another effect of air pollution, is formed when sulfur-rich fuels such as coal and oil are burned and combined with water. This rain is harmful to our environment because sulfur creates an acid that kills fish, trees, plants, and crops.
Pollution from diesel engines contributes to about 80% of the added cancer risk from toxic air pollution nationwide. A main pollution problem has typically been high levels of smoke and sulphur dioxide arising from the burning of smoke and sulphur dioxide arising of sulphur containing fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and gas for domestic and industrial purpose. Here are the equations for the gases Sulphur+oxygen+water = sulphuric acid This is very bad to breath in and additionally destroys rubbers and metals. It comes from fossil fuels. Carbon + oxygen = carbon monoxide This is a very poisonous gas, which comes from vehicles.
The dependence of petroleum for the common combustion engine emits harmful gases that severely damage the surrounding life each environment has to offer. Wild animals and plants whose habitats are close to highways are proven to have high amounts of lead in their bodies. Lead is very harmful to all wildlife and humans. Lead affects neurological development in humans and is the main cause for leaded gasoline
What is Acid Rain? Acid rain is a form of precipitation that falls to the earth as rain. For rain to be acidic it has a pH level of less than 5.6. The corrosive nature of acid rain causes widespread damage to the environment. The problem begins with the production of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides from the burning of fossil fuels, such as coal, natural gas, oil and other kinds of manufacturing.
Another harmful gas created by the burning of fossil fuels is sulphur dioxide, when these gases meet up with water vapour in the atmosphere; they make sulphuric and nitric acid. The acid falls to earth in rain, snow, or fog. This rain can kill fish in rivers and lakes, burn leaves on trees and dissolve limestone in buildings. Factories also create ground level ozone problems by releasing harmful gases into the air; ozone is made from three oxygen atoms, which is one more oxygen atom than required for breathable oxygen, O2. Under certain conditions, some pairs of oxygen atoms break apart, and each atom joins another pair to make ozone, O3.
Environmental health, climate change, acid rain, and air pollution are among the top problems with fossil fuel production and consumption. (http://environment.about.com/library/weekly/aa050700.htm) Fossil fuel use creates severe impact on the environment in all stages of use: recovery, transportation, preparation/refining, storage, and end use. Recovery, the first stage is basically the process of coal mining. This includes the destruction of topsoil, and the risk of gushers or accidents. Also, recovery leads to discolored local creeks and rivers because of the acidic run-off of these waters (Lecture 3/11/02).
The acid rain is taking a big toll on the environment, by killing plants and damaging the water systems. The toll it is taking on the environment by killing the grass, trees, and other plants, in return, is killing animals. It is causing the water to be undrinkable and unsafe to even swim in at times. The smog is causing the sun light to be blocked from the earth. Burning coal, also emits twice as much carbon dioxide, when compared to natural gas, to produce the same level of heat.
The idea of breathing in ammonia from animal manure is disgusting. Although there is another source of air pollution and that is “the burning of noxious fuels- coal, wood and animal waste,” (Jacobs). Coal is a source of fuel for many purposes but it gives off fumes when it is burned for use. These fumes pollute the air even more. Coal, motor vehicles, wood burning and animal manure are powerful containments in the air.
It is the result of coal-fired power stations. Nitrogen oxides that is produced by the exhaust of cars, causes pneumonia and asphyxia. The outcome of the well known dust particles is often underestimated. It is caused by industrial chimneys, car exhaust, and volcanic eruptions and it effects the environment by toxic effects and damage of the lungs. Radioactive isotopes which are caused by small quantities from nuclear waste and nuclear accidents have an carcinogenic effect on the environment as well.