McIntyre, M. & McDonald, C. (2014). Nursing Philosophies, Theories, Concepts, Frameworks, and Models. In Koizer, B., Erb, G., Breman, A., Snyder, S., Buck, M., Yiu, L., & Stamler, L. (Eds.), Fundamentals of Canadian nursing (3rd ed.). (pp.59-74). Toronto, Canada: Pearson.
Nursing theory is a vital part of the nursing profession. Theories are developed from nurses who have seen an issue in the nursing field and have developed a way to solve the issue that they have encountered. These theories have changed, not only the way the world views nurses, but also the kind of care nurses perform. Florence Nightingale discovered while taking care of patients that the environment which the patient was surrounded had an impact on the patient’s health. Doreatha Orem’s theory states that a patient will recover from illness and procedures more quickly if they are taught how to care for themselves before discharge. Madeleine Leininger’s nursing theory states that
Subsequently, Dorothea Orem was one of America’s preeminent nursing theorists who postulated the Self-Care Nursing Theory, or the Orem Model of Nursing (Wayne, 2014). This theory helped to define nursing as the assistant to others who may need additional provisions and management of self-care to improve the human functioning at a baseline effectiveness.
...ce. (2013, September 9). Application of Orem's self-care deficit theory in nursing practice. Retrieved April 25, 2014, from http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory.html
Her theory explains how an individual can achieve or maintain a healthy state using self-care, directly or through the help of a nurse. When an individual becomes unable to provide care for themselves, the nurse would be responsible for providing the assistance needed. However, if the person is fully capable of providing their own basic self-care, the nurse’s role would then be come supporter/education of that self-care. Stated on the Nursing Theory Webpage Self Care Deficit Theory, “Orem 's theory is comprised of three related parts: (1) theory of self-care, (2) theory of self-care deficit, and (3) theory of nursing system” (Self care deficit theory,
The American Nursing Association defines nursing as ““protection, promotion, and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations” (American Nurse Association, 2011, p. 7). There is so much more to nursing as a whole moreover throughout this paper I will be examining my own personal nursing philosophy, which is what I believe is the core characteristics of nursing, the approach of my nursing philosophy, along with my belief and value system of caring, compassion, advocacy, respect, honesty and integrity. I will be discussing my choice of becoming a nurse, what
The intent of this paper is to address my personal description of nursing. Throughout this paper, I will discuss how nursing is applied through uniqueness to healthcare, profession, caring, and mission. I will also include theorists who I will apply to my own practice along with my personal experiences and opinions.
As I reflect on my nursing education, I relieved that I have unexpectedly created a set of values and beliefs for myself, otherwise known as my personal nursing philosophy. I believe that the core of nursing is advocacy, knowledge, integrity and caring. The focus of nursing is on patient need and patient health. According to the (American Nurses Association [ANA], 2017), “nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, facilitation of healing, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, groups, communities, and populations.” I believe that nursing is an art allowing the nurse to be competent,