Criminal Trials Case Study

1. There are two courts that hear criminal trials, which are the Magistrates’ Court and the Crown Court.
All criminal cases start in the magistrates’ court. Cases are heard by either 2 or 3 magistrates or a district judge. There isn’t a jury in a magistrates’ court. A magistrates’ court normally handles summary cases and some triable-either-way offences. Summary offences normally include motoring offences, minor criminal damage or being drunk and disorderly while triable-either-way offences are a bit more serious for example burglary or drug offences, they are called triable-either-way because they can be tried at either the Crown Court or the magistrates’ court. Magistrates’ courts always pass the most serious crimes known as indictable offences to the
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If the court decides that the sentence should be longer than 6 months then the case is passed on to the Crown Court. Courts can also give a combination of punishments. If you disagree with the magistrates’ court’s verdict, you may be able to appeal to a higher court. The Crown Court deals with serious cases, which are called indictable offences. It also deals with appeals against a magistrates’ court conviction or sentence and cases passed from a magistrates’ court for trial or sentencing. There are 3 kind of centres based on the type of work they deal with. First-tier centres- visited by High Court Judges for Crown Court criminal and High Court Civil work. Second-tier centres- visited by High Court Judges for Crown Court criminal work only. Third-tier centres– not normally visited by High Court Judges and handle Crown Court criminal work only. A Crown Court normally has a jury and a judge. A Crown Court can give a range of sentences including community sentences and prison sentences. You can appeal to the Supreme Court if you disagree with the court’s
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