Overview of Counselling and Coaching In life, many difficult situations are being encountered and experienced by individuals and there come times that they seemed to unable to handle some. People get disappointed, depressed, stressed, sad, worried, etc. and needs other people for them to be okay. Some would like to enhanced oneself and aim for positive goals in life but sometimes cannot determine when to start. In this time of lives, a Counsellor or a Coach may be considered by and individual. A helping relationship will help someone to achieved its need and want to overcome a situation or improve. Counsellors, coach and the like usually undertaken by a professional from the helping services. They uses different interpositions to explore the …show more content…
N.D., describes counselling as: “talking confidentially to a trained professional about your difficulties, past or present, in a safe, non-judgmental, private and supportive environment.” In a testimonial of Reach Counselling, it is quote that “… effective techniques and exercises that help you to deal with the problems you are facing. These techniques and exercises allow you to move on with your life with confidence, enthusiasm and excitement for what the future holds.” where the idea of counselling become clear which is to help the client to overcome or work through a present conflict caused by a past event. Training and Approaches of Counselling Illustrated in the figure below are some of the approaches of Counselling as adapted from Sanders 1997. There are still other approaches not mentioned in the figure as others can still be developed in experience of counselling. Figure 1. Overview of Counselling approaches (adapted from Sanders 1997:5) Counselling …show more content…
• Autonomy: respect for the client’s right to be self-governing • Beneficence: a commitment to promoting the client’s well-being • Non-maleficence: a commitment to avoiding harm to the client • Justice: the fair and impartial treatment of all clients and the provision of adequate services • Self-respect: fostering the practitioners self-knowledge and care for self Personal Moral Qualities in counselling which are recommended by BACP to aspire • Empathy: being able to communicate understanding of another person’s experience from that person’s perspective (walking in the person’s shoes) • Sincerity: a personal commitment to what is professed and what is done (walking the talk) • Integrity: commitment to being moral in dealings with others, personal straightforwardness, honesty and coherence • Resilience: the capacity to work with the client’s concerns without being personally diminished • Respect: showing appropriate esteem to others and their understanding of themselves • Humility: ability to assess accurately and acknowledge one’s own strengths and weaknesses • Competence: effective deployment of the skills and knowledge needed to do what is required • Fairness: the consistent application of appropriate criteria to inform decisions and
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Smith, H. B., & Robinson, G. P. (1995). Mental Health Counseling: Past, Present, and Future. Journal of Counseling & Development, 74(2), 158-162
The counseling session should be centered on the client and their understanding of their world and/or problems not heavily weighted on the counselor interpretation of the client’s situation. The role of the counselor is to examine a problem needs changing and discover options in overcoming their problem. Bringing about change can help change the client’s narrative on their problem in the future and/or on life in the process.
Counseling skills has provided me with a valuable insight into the helping relationship and how it is both created and maintained in order to encourage growth and development in the client. The factors involved within the helping relationship include considering Roger’s core conditions, congruence, unconditional positive regard and empathy as the three main characteristics necessary in a helping relationship. In order to fully incorporate all three of Roger’s core conditions, I as the counselor must be self-aware, as a lack of self-awareness may inhibit truly listening and understanding the client; self-awareness can be enhanced through exercises such as Johari’s window. Counseling skills such as body language and active listening also plays a role within encouraging the client to open up and can help me as the counselor convey empathy.
The use of active listening is an essential skill to achieve this type of relationship as well as a sensitivity for clients who come from a culture different than the counselor’s culture. Great counseling also includes being honest with the client from the first session where informed consent is provided. It is important to discuss the limitations of confidentiality. Another important factor is to guide the client into setting realistic goals, so the counseling sessions can be more
The counselling process is one that may last for as little as one session or for years, it is within the middles stages of the helping relationship that particular counselling skills such as a focusing, challenging and immediacy can be implemented, as well as use of advanced empathy that can be applied due to increased familiarity with a speaker. Many actions may occur within middles stage of the helping relationship such as transitions that occur for a multitude of reasons and the outcome of which can vary based on the attitude of the speaker. Self-awareness remains vital throughout the entire counselling relationship due to the continual influence of empathy in the helping relationship and remaining aware my own motives and values when using advanced empathy and specific counselling skills. Ethics and boundaries are also involved within the counselling process as within a counselling relationship, I as the counsellor, must be careful with the balance or expenditure of power when challenging.
Person-Centred Counselling established its origins in the late 1940 during a conference when Carl Rogers gave a talk entitled ‘New Concepts in Psychotherapy’. The summarisation of the talk resulted in the theory that the client in a counselling relationship should be at the center of the relationship and lead the counselling process. The Client, in effect became the expert on their life and/or problems. The fundamental belief is that an individual is capable of change, growth and fulfillment (self-concept). Person-Centred counselling looks at ‘the here and now’ and how to make changes that affect the future. Person-Centred Counselling generated a system known as the ‘Core Conditions Model’ which emphasized three key components: Empathy, Congruence and Acceptance.
This essay will attempt to highlight and evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the three main theories of counselling within the module covered this term. The three approaches in discussion are psychodynamics, cognitive behavioural and humanistic.
Counseling is considered therapy for individuals or groups of people who are experiencing personal issues or problems that are affecting their well-being. The many roles of counseling include individual counseling, couples counseling, group counseling, and coaching. The settings include private practice counseling, mental health centers, crisis center counseling, and university counseling centers who all offer many counseling services. Counseling is one of the many helping professions similar to psychologist, psychiatrist, social workers, and family therapist which all involving overseeing the well-being of individuals and groups of people. Counselors work closely with schools, health care facilities, and private agencies to provide counseling services to those individuals. Counseling is not only for people who have been diagnosed with mental disabilities and illnesses but for anyone who is currently or has experienced a traumatic experience in their lifetime. It is a therapy that everyone should take advantage of to ensure their mental
Empathy is the ability to imagine yourself in someone else’s position and to intuit what that person is feeling (Pink, 2006). Rather than simply sympathizing, empathy enables us to put ourselves into the shoes of another and actually feel what they are feeling. This vicarious sense allows us to better understand people and their experiences. Understanding others and their experiences is vital in education. Whether dealing with different races, religions, sexes, etc., empathy provides us with an avenue to widespread understanding of others that even language cannot.
Counselling is collaboration of steps that is aimed to help clients cope better and learn to deal with situations that they are facing. This includes teaching the client to focus on their thoughts and emotions, and to teach them to make positive choices and changes. It is a method for helping individuals to lessen primary anguish ensuing from a challenging situation and guaranteeing long-term constructive handling of stressful situations.