Criticisms of the DSM-5 Task Force This fifth revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders or DSM will be the standard classification of mental disorders (Nauert, 2011). Mental health professionals and other health professionals will use this standard in their diagnoses and researches. The American Psychiatric Association released a draft of proposed changes after a decade of review and revision by the Association. Allen Frances, chairman and editor of DSM IV, and Robert Spitzer, editor of DSM III, expressed objections to the task force conducting the revisions and the proposed revisions. Present chairman is David Kupfer and vice chairman is Darrel Regier (Nauert; Collier, 2010). The DSM-5 Scientific Review Work Group is tasked with providing quality evidence to support the proposed revisions (Spitzer & Frances, 2010). The objections or problems relating to its work are continued secrecy, the intended paradigm shift, and composition of the group, charge, method, and timing. Dr. Allen Frances’ editorials assailed the work group’s lack of transparency in the methods, progress, timelines, and products it uses (Collier, 2010). Dr. Robert Spitzer raised the same objection to the lack of transparency, especially when he was refused the minutes of a meeting in 2008. Dr. Spitzer argued that this lack of openness deters the free flow of information between the work group and outside experts necessary for proper revision (Collier). These were in response to the announcement made by that its deliberations and reports would be confidential and only its existence will remain public. Composition of Work Group and Charge Dr. Frances (2010) lamented the group’s claim that it would r... ... middle of paper ... ...SM-5/24046 Nauert, R, editor (2011). Revised psychiatric diagnosis manual, DSM-V. Psych Central: American Psychiatric Association. Retrieved on January 26, 2011 from http://psychcentralcom/news/2010/02/11/revised-psychiatric-diagnosis-manual-dsm-v/11366.html Oldham, J, editor (2010). DSM-5: a work in progress. Vol 16 # 6 Journal of Psychiatric Practice: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc. Retrieved on January 26, 2011 from http://journals.lww.com/practicalpsychiatry/Fulltext/2010/1100/DSM_5_A_Work_in_Prorgress_1_aspx Spitzer, R. and Frances, A. (2010). DSM 5 in distress. Letter to Board of Trustees of the American Psychiatric Association. Psychology Today: Sussex Publishers LLC. Retrieved on January 26, 2011 from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/dsm5-in-distress/2010/2/spitzerfrances-letter-apa-trustees
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The DSM-V plays a huge role in the classification and treatment of somatoform disorders. It was not until this model that somatoform was not just one category, but had multiple sub-categories under it. With all of this being said, the DSM-V has gotten multiple hits of hard criticism that the new edition has a lack of scientific evidence for specific classifications, and unclear boundaries between every day stressors, and a classified “illness.” However, with constant progress, new information, new disorders and treatments, the DSM, no matter what version, will always take criticism for one thing or another (McCarron, 2013).
Their dedication and hard work have been combined together in the new edition DSM-5 that defines and classifies mental disorder in order to improve treatment, diagnoses and research. DSM-5 has no greater changes from DSM-IV-TR. However, there are some new disorders introduced and reclassified. The multiaxial system has been removed in DSM-5 because Axis I, II and II have been combined into the descriptions of the disorders. DSM-5 approved the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is a self-report scale develop based on data. DSM-5 focuses to make better characterize symptoms for groups of people who are seeking for clinical help. These symptoms were not defined well in DSM-IV and are less likely to have access to the
Providing an all inclusive, concrete definition of what a mental disorder is a complicated task. Many factors are responsible for the development and presence of a disorder; therefore, pinpointing and providing a universal definition can be quite difficult. In order to provide a basic set of universal parameters in what constitutes and defines a mental disorder, The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) was developed in order to help clinicians and providers navigate the many disorders. While the DSM provides a definition of mental disorder, different perspectives of psychology offer various views of mental disorder.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of mental disorders is a widely used and popular text that lists and describes the various mental disorders and the criteria that resembles each one specifically. These series of manuals have had several major problems since their introduction and the latest edition which has yet to release still faces problems in terms of validity with the scientific community. By use of a diagnostic criterion they fail to incorporate many factors such as social influences, a scientific base, and distinction between the criteria for the different disorders. These are only a few of the problems facing the DSM but they may also be the most significant.
Frances, A., & Ross, R. (1996). DSM-IV case studies a clinical guide to differential diagnosis. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, Inc.
At CAFS, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV (DSM-IV) has been used for the diagnosis of mental disorders. Although I completed my Bachelor of Arts with a major in Psychology, I had experienced difficulty in following discussions between clinicians during MDT due to a lack of knowledge about mental disorders, and I was required to refresh my memories and to improve my knowledge about common mental disorders in children and adolescents. Towards the end of my placement I had become more comfortable with myself following discussions at MDT with assistance and guidance from CAFS
Nemeroff, C. B., Weinberger, D., Rutter, M., MacMillan, H. L., Bryant, R. A., Wessely, S., ...Lysaker, P. (2013). DSM-5: a collection of psychiatrist views on the changes, controversies, and future directions. BMC Medicine, 11, 202.