Some of the ancient physicians recognized an impairment of overall mental functioning in those who drank excessively and recent brain cell studies suggest that an alcoholic literally kills off brain cells at a more rapid pace than normal. If one destroys brain cells rapidly enough and for a long enough period of time, eventually the "cell bank" of reserves will be depleted, and the subject will begin to show impaired mental functioning. This appears to be the sequence of events observed in the EEG tracings and clinical observations of alcoholics. The gastrointestinal system is prominent among the organ systems damaged by alcohol.
When this occur some people may suffer from Dementia or serious other brain injuries. The damage to the organs can be deadly leading in death because of the consummation of alcohol in a person’s body. Alcohol can lead to many diseases amongst the organs such as kidney failure, liver disease, and etc. The heart which is a person’s strongest organ is also affected by alcohol. Depending on the amount of alcohol intake at a time the heart rate can began to increase within a nick of time.
According to the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, drinking too much even once in a single session is known to cause major health problems, which in turn can possibly cause more health problems in the future. Alcohol affects the body’s brain by interfering with communication pathways, and it can also affect the brain’s overall appearance and functioning. Alcohol can also cause problems when it comes to bodily behavior such as motor movements and thinking abilities. According to the same source, alcohol can also affect the body’s heart functioning as well. Drinking too much alcohol can cause cardiomyopathy, which is the stretching and drooping of the heart muscle.
For example, alcoholism causes cancer in the stomach, kidneys, and liver. Besides, alcohol alters the digestion of nutrients that the body needs to stay healthy. Alcoholism also causes loss of appetite and depression. There are other effects in the body like gastritis and cirrhosis of the liver. All these physical consequences could cause your death if you drink alcohol in mass quantities.
Alcoholism as a Disease Unfortunately, alcohol brings on the risk of many diseases. "Recent evidence indicates that a wide variety of diseased conditions are brought about by a substance that coats the body's red cells, causing them to adhere to one another in clumps. These clumps, sometimes called 'sludge,' can be created by the ingestion of alcohol"(Burgess,p.130). Alcohol has a disastrous affect on all of the body's organs, the main one being the brain. "At death, the brain of the dependent drinker or alcoholic invariably will reveal enormous numbers of small areas of atrophy in which brain cells have been destroyed"(Burgess,p.131).
“Nearly one-third of the US population will meet criteria for alcohol abuse or dependence within their lifetime” (Young, 2011). Alcoholism is considered deviant because the person drinks excessively and frequently disregarding the safety of themselves and others. Society stigmatizes these individual as clinically ill; their behavior is a result of disease which needs to be addressed and treated, in order to provide safety for the public. Alcoholism not only affects the public’s safety however it influences how the individual interacts with others, their ability to perform on the job, and has considerable health related risk. These behaviors and attitudes fuel the drive to treat alcoholics; in hopes that their behavior will go into remission since once an alcoholic always an alcoholic.
The main problem with how alcohol will destroy a person’s liver is because the liver needs water to do its job. Alcohol dehydrates the liver and that is what causes liver problems (Alcohol and Heart disease). It is this obsessive drinking of alcohol that causes liver diseases and even more problems. “In fact, alcohol is a major cause of the 25% increase in deaths from liver disease in England over the last decade (Effects of alcohol). One of the diseases that alcohol causes is cirrhosis.
Alcoholic hepatitis is when the liver experiences inflammation caused by drinking alcohol. If a person is diagnosed by their doctor with alcoholic hepatitis, they must immediately stop drinking alcohol. People who continue to drink alcohol against the recommendation of their doctor face a high risk of developing serious liver damage that can eventually cause death. Each liver disease is different and can affect each person’s body in different ways. Another affect of alcohol abuse on the liver is Cirrhosis.
One of the main health risks it can cause are various types of damage to your liver. These damages include cirrhosis of the liver alcoholic hepatitis, and fatty liver (fat accumulating in the liver because drinking slows the livers functions down) (“Alcohol Use and Abuse”, 2012). The effects of alcohol can be reversed if it does not go unnoticed before it is too late. Even if someone is not an alcoholic, their liver can be suffering from alcohol related health problems. When drinking often and after consuming so much alcohol your liver will slowly become damaged.