Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Introduction Experts have different views on attention deficit disorder also known as Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) regarding diagnosis, medication and dependency in children resulting from use of stimulant. Minors under medication to prevent ADHD have been on the rise for the last 3 decades in the U.S. The diagnosis of ADHD varies, some states shows a high percentage of diagnosis. Production of stimulants such as Ritalin for ADHD treatments is on the rise, with scientists explaining that it is recommended for treatment. According to Schwarz and Cohen (2013), approximately 11% of children are under medication. Authors have pointed out that one boy in every five high school boys have received medical treatment for ADHD. The above mentioned prevalence rates of ADHD among children and increase in medication have raised concerns among physicians that over-diagnosis and overmedication has become common among American children. Prescription of certain stimulants such as Ritalin and Adderall for children for improvement of their lives downgraded by the disorder has led to anxiety, addiction and psychosis. Experts think that long term use of stimulants such as Ritalin leads to physical dependence. It is also clear that long term users and abusers of Ritalin leads to the addiction. Schwarz and Cohen (2013) show that close to 6.4 million children of age of 4 and 17 have been diagnosed with ADHD in their lifetime. The reports made in the past two decades show a 41 % increase of ADHD diagnosis. In addition, there is an increase in diagnosis of the disorder by 16% among children since 2007. According to Lavender (2013), North Carolina has the highest number of children diagnosed w... ... middle of paper ... ...DHD.” Psychiatric Times, 2011. Vol. 28.8: 14-18. Print. Hope Jenny, “ADHD diagnosis may have become too Broad causing 'Needless and Harmful' Treatment for Children, Warns Study.” Mail Online 6 November 2013. Print. Lavender Chris. “ADHD: Are Children in Schools being Over-diagnosed?” The Times News 6 April 2013. Print Nakamura, K. Richard. “Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders: Are Children Being Overmedicated?” National Institute of Mental Health. 2002. Web. 02 May 2014. Schwarz Alan and Cohen Sarah. “More diagnosis of ADHD causing concerns.” The New York Times 31 March 2013. Print. Washington University School of Medicine. "Almost Half of Kids with ADHD are not being Treated, Study Finds." Science Daily. 6 August 2006. Print. White Lois, Duncan Gena and Baumle Wendy. Foundations of Adult Health Nursing, 2010. New York: Cengage Learning, Print.

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