Studies have revealed that the majority of children with chronic cough seen in clinics are young (median age 2 to 3 years). 3, 4 BURDEN OF ILLNESS Chronic cough is associated with significant morbidity in children and their parents. The use of over-the-counter (OTC) cough medications is indicative of burden of cough. Furthermore, people report increased frequency of medical visits for cough before they visit a specialist. A study was done to evaluate the frequency of prior medical consultations for coughing over last one year.
Since 2007, the utilization of stimulant medication to treat ADHD has jumped 11% nationally as a whole. It was also reported that the U.S. spends more on prescription drugs to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder than it does for all but six other medical conditions (U.S. News Health, 2013). The number of ADHD diagnosed teens prescribed stimulants, such as Ritalin and Adderall, will be increasing over time as the new guidelines set by the American Academy of Pediatrics now recognizes physicians prescribing ADHD stimulant medications to childre... ... middle of paper ... ...Brown University Child & Adolescent Behavior Letter, 25(11), 3. The Partnership at Drugfree.org, (April, 2013), PATS Key Findings: Released April 23, 2013 2012 Partnership Attitude Tracking Study, sponsored by MetLife Foundation, Retrieved from http://www.drugfree.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/PATS-2012-FULL-REPORT2.pdf Robb, Adelaid(2008), ADHD and Substance Use: The Importance of Integrated Treatment, NAMI Beginnings, Issue 11, 2008. U.S. News Health – Health Day (May 31, 2013), Many Parents Unaware of Teens’ Abuse of ADHD Drugs, Retrieved from http://health.usnews.com/health-news/news/articles/2013/05/31/many-parents-unaware-of-teens-abuse-of-adhd-drugs U.S. News Health – Health Day (Nov 22, 2013), 1 in 10 U.S. Children Now Has ADHD, CDC Says, Retrieved from http://health.usnews.com/health-news/news/articles/2013/11/22/1-in-10-us-children-now-has-adhd-cdc-says
Eighty percent of these overdoses occurred in kids younger than 19 years old. The other twenty percent of the overdoses occurred in adults (Stiller, 2013).This leads to the number one question: Who is to blame for these overdoes? Do we blame the doctors prescribing the medications or do we blame society? Every day, doctors are diagnosing kids with ADHD. A diagnosis can come as early as four years old.
Some experts believe the true number is closer to 20% of the general population. In a recent study of over 9000 children in the Midwest, the number of children who have been medically diagnosed as hyperactive was about 3%. The number of undiagnosed children, based on data from teachers and parents, was estimated at about... ... middle of paper ... ...D children also have sleeping problems, coordination problems, are self-centered, impatient, reckless, and have extreme emotional problems. Some indications that a child will be ADHD are, apparent hyperactivity in the womb, poor maternal health, mother under 20 years of age, first pregnancy, high blood pressure during pregnancy, maternal alcohol abuse, heavy maternal smoking, and drug abuse. Research now indicates that hyperactive children continue to have multiple problems as adolescents, though the hyperactivity has decreased.
The main cause of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder can be explained by genetic predisposition. Researchers have outlined evidence to support the fact that ADHD usually runs in the family. According to research, it has been outlined that both parents and siblings of a child suffering from ADHD usually have four to five times increased risk of suffering from ADHD (Timler, 2014). This condition has been associated with an imbalance of certain chemica... ... middle of paper ... ...n children and adolescents. South African Journal Of Psychiatry, 136-140.
While nationwide, 1 out of 68 kids are autistic, the number is now more than 1 out of 65 kindergarten kids in California public school. Children May Be in More Danger Having to Catch Up to the Vaccination Schedule. When SB 277 went into effect, many parents with young children who were behind the vaccination schedule or did not start vaccinating yet, were forced to catch up or they could longer go to a public school. As a result, many children received a high amount of vaccines in a very short period of time. When it comes to toxins in vaccinations, the more vaccines are given at one time, the bigger the risk that a child will experience a severe adverse reaction.
n the U.S there has been an increase in the use of prescription drugs, it has tripled in the U.S since 1990 (CDC, 2013). The incidence of prescription drug abuse, defined as the use of the medication in other ways than was prescribed leading to a deadly epidemic. Twelve million people reported that they have used prescription drugs non- medically (CDC, 2013). Prescription drugs can be just as dangerous as illegal street drugs when misused. Prescription drug abuse is responsible for 475,000 emergency departments visits a year (CDC, 2013).
The Cause for Alarm and Immediate Attention The Center for Disease Control and Prevention stated that “as many as one in 88 children will be diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder by age eight“ (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (2012). The Center for Disease Control and Prevention also said that “among high school students in the United states, 26.1% of those surveyed reported feeling sad or hopeless almost everyday for two or more weeks in row” (as cited in Abel & Erickson, 2013, p.283). The feelings of sadness and hopelessness are two of the most common symptoms of depression. However, according to Dopheide (20... ... middle of paper ... ...Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 63. 233-243.
Nine percent of children who are between the ages of five and seventeen are diagnosed with ADHD in the United States (CDC). About 3 million kids that are on ADHD medication are prescribed Ritalin or Adderall. Most people and psychologists see ADHD as a true disorder, then theres those who think the complete opposite. Are children being overmedicated and over diagnosed for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder? Some medications are not always the answer.