Analysis of Interpersonal Communication

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In the late 70’s, interpersonal communication has become a significant field of study. Research in interpersonal communication has exploded towards the current state the scholarship and research is today. One of such theories is the social penetration theory developed by Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor. Social penetration theory entails when individual’s disclose information about themselves and the recipient of the information can either act in kind in disclosing information or not. Increasing disclosure of information increases intimacy in the relationship (Eichhorn et al., 2008; Guerrero et al., 2011; Knapp & Daly, 2002; Littlejohn & Foss, 2008). By getting to know a person, one is penetrating through the many layers of information based on breadth, the kind of information, and depth, the details of the information (Eichhorn et al., 2008; Guerrero et al., 2011; Knapp & Daly, 2002; Littlejohn & Foss, 2008). Altman and Taylor’s theory was based on earlier research from the socio-psychological tradition, demonstrating how theories are developed and evolve into a new area of research. Another theory born from the 1970’s was known as the uncertainty reduction theory developed by Charles Berger. Uncertainty reduction theory involves how individuals observe their social environment to know more about themselves and others whom may be around. The theory provides a framework of how we as people gather knowledge about others. Individuals have a hard time dealing with the anxiety of uncertainty, propelling to gather information in order to bring down the level of anxiety where it can be tolerated (Eichhorn et al., 2008; Guerrero et al., 2011; Knapp & Daly, 2002; Littlejohn & Foss, 2008). Primarily, uncertainty reduction theory loo... ... middle of paper ... ...hics myths. The Academy of Management Executive, 18(2), 69–81. Veiga, J. F., Golden, T. D., & Dechant, K. (2004). A Survey of the Executive’s “Advisory Panel”: Why Managers Bend Company Rules. The Academy of Management Executive (1993-2005), 18(2), pp. 84–90. Watzlawick, P., Bavelas, J. B., Jackson, D. D., & O’Hanlon, W. H. (2011). Pragmatics of human communication: a study of interactional patterns, pathologies, and paradoxes. New York: W.W. Norton & Co. Weiss, W. (1971). Mass Communication. Annual Review of Psychology, 22, 309–336. White, D. W., & Lean, E. (2007). The Impact of Perceived Leader Integrity on Subordinates in a Work Team Environment. Journal of Business Ethics, 81(4), 765–778. doi:10.1007/s10551-007-9546-6 Wood, A. F. (2005). Online communication: linking technology, identity, and culture (2nd ed.). Mahwah, N.J: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
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