A Stroke’s Effect on Memory

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Stroke is a medical condition most people are familiar with, but most people are unaware of its effect on memory functions. There have been several studies conducted that study of effects of stroke on different memory systems, how to properly assess memory damage in stroke patients as well as how to improve memory after stroke. A major theme from the course that relates to stroke and memory is the theme of metamemory and its components such as prospective memory. Personally, I believe that these studies offer hope to stroke victims and their families because memory damage can evaluated and therefore a method of treatment can be developed. Stroke is a serious medical condition that affects people of all ages specifically older adults. People suffer from a stroke when there is decreased blood flow to the brain. Blood supply decreases due to a blockage or a rupture of a blood vessel which then leads to brain tissues dying. The two types of stroke are ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. An ischemic stroke is caused by a blood clot blocking the artery that brings oxygenated blood to the brain. On the other hand, a hemorrhagic stroke is when an artery in the brain leaks or ruptures (“About Stroke,” 2013). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States and is a major cause of adult disability” (“About Stroke,” 2013). Stroke causes a number of disabilities and also leads to decreased mobility in over half of the victims that are 65 and older. The CDC lists several risk factors of stroke such as heredity, age, gender and ethnicity as well as medical conditions such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes and excessive weight gain that in... ... middle of paper ... ...1. Doornhein, K. & De Haan, E.H.F.(1998). Cognitive Training for Memory Deficits in Stroke Patients. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 8(4), 393-400. McDonnell, M.N., Bryan, J., Smith, A.E., & Esterman, A.J. (2011). Assessing cognitive impairment following stroke. Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuropsychology, 33(9), 945-953. Radvansky, G.A. (2011). Human memory (2nd ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Stephens, S., Kenny, R.A., Rowan, E., Allan, L., Kalaria, R.N., Bradbury, M., & Ballard, C.G. (2004). Neuropsychological characteristics of mild vascular cognitive impairment and dementia after stroke. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 19(11), 1053-1057. Warren, M. (2008). Memory Loss, Dementia, and Stroke: Implications for Rehabilitation of Older Adults with Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 102(10), 611-615.

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