Ancient Egyptians were very religious people with various beliefs and gods. Ancient Egypt consisted of the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom. Not only is Ancient Egypt known for their outstanding architecture in pyramids, but also, their astonishing understanding of the human body. Mummification began around c.3500 BCE and by the Old Kingdom it had become a standard practice. Everything Egyptians did, including mummification had to do with their religious beliefs.
Archaeological evidence of funerary customs show that religion was an integral part of Egyptian culture. The Pyramid Texts indicated that the Egyptians believed an individual’s soul had many aspects that continued after death, which consisted of the ba, akh and ka. The ba represents the individual’s alter ego which would travel outside the tomb, whereas the akh reflects the ‘intermediary between the living and the dead’. The ka was believed to be the individual’s twin in which their personality is represented. This strongly implicates that the ancient Egyptian civilisation believed in a spiral realm.
Polytheistic religion is defined by “the doctrine of or belief in more than one god or in many gods” (Merriam Webster Dictionary). There were over 2,000 names of gods in Ancient Egypt (Hart 67). Some images of Ancient Egyptian gods and goddesses show them with a human body and the head of a bird or an animal. Animals were chosen to represent the powers of the god. This would also give artisans of that time the freedom to have depictions of gods and goddesses in their artwork along with the pharaohs.
The Egyptian gods interact more with each other than with the people. They interact with the people more on a supernatural level. Osiris, the Egyptian god of agriculture and afterlife, judges people when they die. Amon, the king of gods, is hidden inside the ruler (This “king of gods” title was not always so as the popularity of Aton, the sun-disk rose through the reformation of Pharaoh Akhenaton in 1369-1353 BC). Hebrew religion, being monotheistic, had only one all-powerful god.
The highly developed belief of polytheism in the Egyptian culture was made up of many gods. This belief is the base to the Egyptian culture and life. In the Egyptian polytheistic culture the gods took on form and characteristics of objects found in nature. The Egyptian god Ra is considered the father of gods and was the most important and worshiped god. When the Egyptians think of the figure that Ra looks like it is normally a body of a human with the head of a falcon.
These two belief systems shared many characteristics, such as the importance of light and the presence of a central religious leader, but there were also several key differences in the development and worship practices of Atenism and early Judaism. For centuries, the ancient Egyptians worshipped a vast host of deities who they claimed controlled all natural phenomena and the underworld (Edgar et al. pg 22). The polytheistic religion of the Egyptians was incorporated into many of the most famous examples of Egyptian art and architecture. For instance, the mysterious deities of the Egyptians were immortalized in hieroglyphic drawings, and the Egyptians’ belief in an afterlife led them to construct some of the most recognizable monuments in the world.
The Egyptians beliefs in the gods and goddess they worshipped came from their reliance on the land; that in their creation stories and many of the god and goddess creation stories have references to important land marks in Egypt. In Egyptian culture there are two version of the creation story, everything stays constant between the stories except for who was the first god. In one version, the king of the gods Atum (also the sun god and ruler of Heliopolis) arose from Nu; while in the other account, Ra the sun god takes the form of Khepri. It is believed Atum created himself from thoughts and will, having no place to stand he created a hill where his temple was built. It is believed, Atum represents the hills left behind by the Nile River after its annual flood, which the Egyptians also used to grow their cro... ... middle of paper ... ...raoh of Egypt making their rules ligament.
(Egyptian Dynasties) The Great Pyramid -Pyramids were made to serve as a burial place for a pharaoh. The pyramids’ insides were to be following some constellations because stars are connected to the pharaohs since the pharaohs are divine. Cheop’s Pyramid -The largest pyramid was Khufu’s Pyramid or Cheop’s Pyramid. It is said that its inside follows the constellation Orion. (The Great Pyramid c.a.
Myths were also generated to tell the story of the first people to inhabit the earth. The Egyptian mythology elevated these people to the level of Gods and Goddesses by giving them supernatural and special powers. These myths of creation were passed from one generation to the next, either orally or by hieroglyphs painted in sacred temples, pyramids, and sanctuaries. Ancient Egyptians tried to understand their place in the universe. This is why their mythology is centered on nature such as the earth, sky, moon, sun, stars, and the Nile River.
The valley is best known for the tomb of Tutankhamun (1336-1327 B.C. ), with its legendary treasures, discovered by Howard Carter in 1922. Many other royals were buried here but few known tombs remained as unmolested as Tut’s, much due to tomb thefts. “From the first Dynasty onward, every Egyptian king was called a Horus” (Pinch Geraldine, page 6), god of the sky, protection and war. This association of the pharaoh with the divine empowered themselves with much power, control and loyalty from the Egyptians.