The purpose of this literature review is an exploration into effective instructional strategies to ensure fifth grade mathematics readiness. This two-part study investigates what teachers consider to be key elements in instructional design and implementation to support mathematics curriculum across the elementary grade levels. It will also investigate specific mathematics skills that teachers believe should be taught and reinforced each year from kindergarten through fifth grade.
Due to the constant changes to the national and state education programs, there has been an increase in the focus on language objectives and literacy skills in the classroom today, while mathematics skills have received increasingly less emphasis and become less of a priority. “Although students have made progress in some areas of math, when it comes to basic arithmetic—in particular, the ability to compute—growth has been disappointing” (Loveless, 2003). Students who have as yet to show proficiency in fundamental mathematics skills by the fourth grade year will quite possible require remedial instruction. It is difficult, and often impossible, for educators to adhere to the curriculum structure of the current grade level when students are not yet proficient in the basic concepts that should have been mastered in previous grade levels.
The Reteaching of Mathematics Skills to Fifth Grade Students
Studies indicate that student mathematics achievement has remained unchanged in lower elementary grades as compared to the middle school grades (Kutscher, 2008). Reteaching is necessary to reintroduce and reinforce mathematics concepts to students who have be...
... middle of paper ...
Loveless, T. (Director) (2003, February 6). Trends in math achievement: the importance of basic skills. Mathematics and Science Initiative. Lecture conducted from U.S. Secretary of Education, Washington, D.C.. Retrieved from http://www.brookings.edu/research/speeches/2003/02/06education-loveless
Linder, S. M., Powers-Costello, B., & Stegelin, D. A. (2011). Mathematics in early childhood: Research-based rationale and practical strategies. Early Childhood Education Journal, 39(1), 29-37. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10643-010-0437-6
Slavin, R. E., & Lake, C. (2008). Effective programs in elementary mathematics: A best-evidence synthesis. Review of Educational Research, 78(3), 427-515. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.cu-portland.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/214120806?accountid=10248
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Ensure Technical and Academic Rigor of Programs Effective career and technical education programs clearly articulate course outcomes and align content with national or state occupational skill standards. These standards, endorsed by business and industry, are designed to prepare students with skills that reflect job market requirements and address all aspects of the industry, not just skills required for single jobs. Curricula developed around these standards offer teachers a variety of strategies for improving standards in their classrooms.... [tags: Curriculum Education Careers Essays]
1785 words (5.1 pages)
- Over the course of a semester, I have observed the involvement of mathematics not only in the classroom but throughout the school community. Throughout this paper, I will develop a deeper understanding of my notes and describe how math is involved in the school from day to day, and overall. Math is taught day to day, but math is much more than addition and subtraction. Math begins with instilling a love for math in your students and getting them excited to immerse themselves in the math environment.... [tags: Question, Education, Pedagogy, Nabisco]
1896 words (5.4 pages)
- Challenger K8 school of Science and Mathematics is a magnet school, which also provides the Quest gifted program. We recently had administrative changes. We have a principal, middle school assistant principal, elementary assistant principal, and a gifted assistant principal. The appointed principal, Ms. Lisa Piesik was moved from another middle school. She has served only one year as a principal and one year as an assistant principal. Challenger has been an A rated school with high expectations of the teachers and students, we rise to the challenge of the standards and put forth effort within the learning process of the student.... [tags: Education, Teacher, Reading comprehension]
700 words (2 pages)
- The educational world of today’s society demands accountability from its teachers, because, teachers have possibly the greatest opportunity to shape a students life, not just in terms of knowledge but how they view themselves and interact with the society around them. The increased accountability has lead to the necessity for being able to identify and quantitatively assess the characteristics of a quality teacher. In its most basic form a teacher's primary purpose is to provide direction, motivation and knowledge to students ( , ), however the effectiveness of a teacher should not be determined by their ability to impart knowledge alone, the scope in which they achieve this is also of immen... [tags: Educators, Teaching Techniques]
675 words (1.9 pages)
- The Year 3 maths champion wrote “my children need to be able to be creative with their maths. It needs to be “hands on” for them to remember and learn. Giving them control of their learning (to an extent) helps them become secure in their knowledge” (Fig. 6) Using a collaborative approach to creating a whole school policy led to greater “buy in” from the staff. Using models and images within the policy and working through strategies together led to discussion and therefore a deeper understanding of the progression through stages.... [tags: Problem solving, Mathematics, Pedagogy]
801 words (2.3 pages)
- ... Reform Approach Many schools are changing the way math is taught. The classrooms are becoming more student-centered instead of the traditional teacher-centered classrooms. The National Mathematics Advisory Panel defined this approach as “instruction in which students are primarily doing the teaching” (National Mathematics Advisory Panel, 2008). Teachers in the reform classroom guide and support students’ mathematical ideas instead of giving them specific ways of doing math (Clements & Battista, 2009).... [tags: advantages, disadvantages, teaching strategies]
1047 words (3 pages)
- Introduction This essay aims to discuss the impact of Web Based Technology (WBT) on assessment practices in mathematics. WBT refers to and promotes what is known as Web Based Learning (WBL) where the learning is in hypertext format providing the learner with more exploration and interactivity capabilities. Studies in Hong Kong by Khalifa(2002) suggests that this is the most superior form of WBL in comparison to Distributive Passive Learning (DPL) which is used to deliver linear material such as word files and power point presentations.... [tags: Mathematics]
2941 words (8.4 pages)
- ... From the majority of the evidence presented above one theme can be identified: education. Education of faculty and staff, as well as victims, bullies, and other students will help quash incidents of bullying and victimization. Students not directly involved in the bullying incident need to be educated, as well. Students need to know how to react and help their peer when they see bullying and harassment occur (Brunner & Lewis, 2009). Students who are supported by their peers while they are a victim will be more likely to report the bullying behavior and work through the issue.... [tags: effective intervention strategies]
1398 words (4 pages)
- Mathematics is an arduous journey. It is cruel and exhausting. Mathematics, by its very nature, threw me hard problems that stressed me out. I would spend hours, days, even months solving one. For example, I spent two weeks teaching myself the computing program—Mathematica, because I was curious to see the accurate phase portraits after I learned the techniques that enabled me to sketch phase portraits in my Ordinary Differential Equation class. Nevertheless, sometimes I could not find any solution even though I had worked on it for a long time.... [tags: Mathematics, Applied mathematics]
1379 words (3.9 pages)
- Cooperative Learning in Mathematics Low test scores and lack of motivation in mathematics by students in grade school is an issue that has recently been put under the spotlight. According to a study done in 2003, mathematics achievement levels in the United States are much lower than those in other developing countries. The results of this study show that the US is ranked 15th among the 47 participating countries in the 2003 NAEP Mathematics vs. TIMSS Mathematics for At or Above Proficient with 28.8% of students at or above the proficient level (Hambleton, 387).... [tags: teaching strategies]
886 words (2.5 pages)