The Downfall Of Julius Caesar Essay

The Downfall Of Julius Caesar Essay

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“If you must break the law, do it to seize power: in all other cases observe it,” said Julius Caesar (Julius Caesar). Ironically, this motto led Caesar to both his rise, and fall. Caesar gained power and popularity through his military might and tactics, making him a dangerous foe. He defeated everyone he faced on the battlefield. Including winning a brutal civil war between him and his once ally, Pompey. As a result, he was thrust into the position of king in Rome in all but title as Rome was still a Republic and only had temporary dictators in time of crisis (Ushistory.org). The senators and other politicians feared for their political careers and the livelihood of the Republic because Caesar was adored by the Roman public so much that they would have made him king. Additionally, the Senators had allied themselves with Pompey to ward off Julius in the civil war. However, they didn’t surrender to Caesar even after the war, brutally murdering him by stabbing him numerous times. This story attracted the likes of Shakespeare to make the bases of his tragic play Julius Caesar off of it. Both Shakespeare’s version and in history, Caesar was murdered by the Senate to stop Caesar’s surge of power, stay in power themselves, and to preserve the Roman Republic.
Julius’s surge to power started when the Roman Republic’s soldiers began to be paid in gold and land. Soldiers no longer fought for the good of the Republic but fought instead for tangible rewards. Overtime, soldiers became more loyal to their generals who could pay them than the Republic itself. Within this environment, generals like Caesar became extremely powerful. In addition, Caesar was a military genius. His successful military campaigns gained him broad support and popularit...


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... by killing Caesar only brought chaos and a crippling civil war to Rome. They killed Caesar to preserve the Roman Republic but only destroyed it.
Caesar was murdered by the Senate to stop his surge of power, keep power themselves and in the Roman people, and to preserve the Roman Empire in history and in Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar. Although their honorable intentions brought more harm than good, they stopped the Republic from becoming an Empire through diplomacy. Eventually, the second triumvirate took over through a civil war and began the Roman Empire and the reign of a perpetual dictator. The war created havoc for all Romans without any outside force. Shakespeare believed that Romans did it to themselves and a dictatorship would have been better than a civil war. In the end, the Senate only did what Caesar told them to do, break the law in order to seize power.

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