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Assassination of Julius Caesar

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THESIS STATEMENT

The assassination of Julius Caesar was due to his increased power and the senate’s fear of losing their political relevance.

PURPOSE STATEMENT

Through critical analysis and research it has been shown that Caesar’s gain in power worried the senate.

INTRODUCTION

July 13, 100 B.C., to the Romans this day was the thirteenth of Quintillus. In the year 653, on this day, Rome had been founded. This date would soon have another meaning to the Romans, because this day was the day that Gaius Julius Caesar was born. He was born into a family that was very proud in being patrician. For centuries his family had had a role in politics and military, so it was natural that he would, one day, be involved in the Roman government or army. At a young age he ran for Pontifex Maximus (“chief priest”), so he could go into other politics later in his life.

“Caesar was a brilliant general, a clever engineer, and administrator of genius, and a leader who demanded and commanded loyalty. He also was a corrupt politician” (Dando-Collins 4). Caesar would go on to be a dictator and his gain in power would corrupt him. He often bypassed the Senate, taking their power away. With Caesar’s growing power the Senate feared that they would soon lose their political relevance.

CAESAR CONSOLIDATES POWER

Caesar’s power in Rome was growing, and people were afraid he was going to turn Rome into a monarchy. However, Caesar did not want to be known as a king, but he was appointed dictator for life.

He gained most of his powers through military victories. He conquered Gaul, and had victories over Pompey the Great. He also had beat Scipio, King Juba of Numidia, Pharnaces, and Gnaeus and Sextus. He conquered Egypt, which also...

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... monarchy and they were afraid. He tried to bypass the senate because he knew they would not agree with him so he just went straight to the assembly on most occasions. The senate feared they would lose their political relevance since he was bypassing them.

The assassination of Julius Caesar was due to his increased power and the senate’s fear of losing political relevance. They were losing their freedoms and thought the only way to resolve this problem was to kill Caesar. Killing Caesar never really did anything to help make the government a democracy like the senate had wanted. Marcus Brutus and Cassius ended up leaving Rome, so their plot did not do anything to help them. Caesar was the leader of Rome, the top of the Roman Empire. The people he thought he could trust most, his so-called friends, took him to the bottom of the Roman Empire, to his grave.
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