From the end of the dictatorship of Sulla in 80 BC to the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 BC, Rome saw the demise of the Republic in the actions of only a few of its most powerful men. A strengthened senate and competition for high offices created by Sulla would not save the Republic, but rather doom it to the struggles of Pompey, Crassus, and Caesar. These men, seeking power for themselves, tore apart the Italian Peninsula in an alliance and then later a civil war with each other thanks in part to the failed reforms of a dictator who had sought to make sure that no other man would take power as he had done.
Research Question: How did the Roman people feel about Julius Caesar? Summary: In the book Caesar by Christian Meier translated by David Mcclintock, “Chapter 1 Caesar and Rome- Two Realties” explains how the Roman Senate believed Julius Caesar was becoming too strong and eventually would take over Rome. The Senate began to plot ways to try and remove Caesar from his power without upsetting the tribunes. As his term was coming closer to an end the Senate knew he would be elected again and become the leader of Rome.
“He is said to have been tall of stature… except that towards the end.” What was it that really led to the fall of the Roman Republic? There are a lot of different factors to consider when trying to determine what caused the collapse. By examining The Rubicon, The Life of Julius Caesar, and some accompanying handouts from class, this paper will discuss how the Roman Republic did not collapse because of one factor. The collapse of the Roman Republic was like that of a game of Jenga. Factors were pulled out of the Republican system just like a game of Jenga until the Republic could not stand anymore.
Imagine it is the year 59 B.C.E., the greatest republic to date is collapsing and it seems it is doomed with a senate which does not care about its people. There seems to be no hope. But then comes a young man who has ideas of equality that could save the republic. That man is Julius Caesar. Conqueror of Gaul, Crosser of the Rubicon, member of the First Tiumbarant, Caesar was a brilliant politician and general. At the time, Rome was governed by Pompey and the senate. Both were in favor bettering themselves and not the poor people. Caesar was in favour of improving life for the lower class. This was not accepted by the senate or Pomey, making them question his ethics. As Caesar became more powerful, as when he conquered Gaul, Pompey and the senate began to plot. They could not have someone as dangerous as Caesar in Rome. Because of this, the senate planned and carried out an assassination attempt, and succeeded. This was only for the senate to maintain power and complete control over Rome. Along with caesar, a little bit of
The Fall of the Republic was more than a single man, but Julius Caesar was definitely to blame for being a large part of the destruction of the Roman Republic. Caesar was responsible for the fall of the Republic for several reasons, the the civil war from which the Republic never really recovered in January of 49 BC, Caesar 's appointment as dictator for life in 44 BC, and bringing into power the many of the men who would be important in the next set of civil wars.
“Caesar was a brilliant general, a clever engineer, and administrator of genius, and a leader who demanded and commanded loyalty. He also was a corrupt politician” (Dando-Collins 4). Caesar would go on to be a dictator and his gain in power would corrupt him. He often bypassed the Senate, taking their power away. With Caesar’s growing power the Senate feared that they would soon lose their political relevance.
How was it possible that under the dictatorship and after the deification of Julius Caesar the Roman republic fell, when it had been structurally sound for four centuries before? When the republic was established around the end of the 6th century B.C.E., the Romans made clear that they wished to avoid all semblance of the monarchy that had ruled for two centuries before. (T.J. Cornell, The Beginnings of Rome: Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age to the Punic Wars (c. 1000-264 BC), London and New York: Routledge, 1995; p. 215) The rule of the Republic was to be split into powers of the senate and consuls, a system that worked for over four centuries. The republic would face problems with the rise of the first triumvirate in 60 B.C.E., involving Julius Caesar, Crassus and Pompey. The triumvirate gained power that was intended to be in the hands of the senate and Roman assembly. This paved way to a situation in which a single man could sweep up the political power that previously belonged to the entire senate. Julius Caesar would use this tactic, following his campaigns of Gaul and Britton, to take sole dictatorship over Rome. While there were previous cases which individuals had been appointed as dictator, usually by the senate to serve for six months in a time of war, Caesar was appointed dictator three separate times.. After declining his first dictatorship, Caesar was awarded two more reigns as dictator for one and ten years, respectively. At this point Caesar was praised by the Roman people for his various military victories and had been awarded several awards and honors by the senate. Having conquered much of the surrounding territories, spanning from northern Africa to Greece, and enacting several reforms, Caesar was in the pro...
Should Julius Caesar have been killed? This question has plagued history for years without a real answer. Julius Caesar was corrupt and all powerful, and his death saved Rome. It really is that simple; he declared himself dictator for life and ignored the Senate’s power. A man with that much power can only hurt a nation.
The transition between a monarchy and republic for the ancient city of Rome was a long process filled with endless power struggles (Spielvogel 88). As Rome grew, more people wanted a piece of this newly great world power. Military was a huge part in ancient Rome because it provided all of Rome’s wealth needed for sustention. Accordingly, great military leaders were popular with the Roman people because they brought in the money. A lot of people gained power this way, but some were just born into a powerful family. However, during this time of unrest, people were desperate to gain power even if it meant murder. By this method many leaders died even if they did not gain power through the military. In the Roman Republic, many leader either gained power through unorthodox measures, or they were terminated to be stopped from attaining ultimate power and support.
... Social War, and eventually the end of the Republic, which came when Caesar fighting for the populares defeated Pompey fighting for the optimates and senate in the battle of Pharsalus.