Jean Piaget conducted many experiments involving children, eventually introducing the idea of four stages in children’s cognitive development. His research has encountered criticism over the years, but his work paved a path for psychologists who came after him. Psychologist Jean Piaget made astounding contributions to the developmental field of psychology.
At a young age Jean Piaget showed interest and potential in scientific research, but he did not have any institutional schooling in psychology. His interest in knowledge that encompassed much of his work came from his godfather, Samuel Cornut. One of his first jobs in the psychology field was recording children’s answers on the Binet-Simon intelligence test in the Binet lab (Cohen, 2011, p. 26). The reasoning behind a child’s answer and why he or she chose a wrong answer intrigued Piaget and led to the development of his clinical method. This method incorporated asking the participants deep questions, so that Piaget could find the reasoning behind their answers (Tuddenham, 1966, p. 209). One of the studies included a group of boys that were asked about the relationship between two different bouquets of flowers. After questioning them, he believed that their answers arose from three different thinking stages. While conducting research at the Rousseau Institute, he found that decantation, which is when children value others’ views, came about through listening to each others thoughts. With the results from this experiment he concluded there were eight particular classifications of speech that each fell into one of two major categories. The main categories were socialized and egocentric, but lat...
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...today believe the mind works more in modules, rather than a set structure. Thirdly, the last stage he discusses of development ends at age twelve and suggests that formal operations of intelligences are all in tact at this age (Hopkins, 2011, p. 1). Cohen ( 2011) expresses that there is fault in Piaget’s research, because he ignored culture, emotion, observational learning, and verbal instruction and the affect it had on cognitive development (p. 29).
Jean Piaget changed how the world views children’s cognitive development. His findings transformed the developmental field of psychology. Even though fault has been found in some of his proportions and the way he conducted research, his legacy and work effects how people view children’s thinking. There is still more to be discovered on child’s cognitive development, but Piaget’s discovers can not be neglected.
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