Alfred Binet, the Intelligence Test Alfred Binet was a child psychologist that who created the first Intelligence test. He created a base for more current intelligence tests along with creating standardized testing. The current IQ Test is based off of Alfred Binet first IQ test. Alfred Binet came up with these tests because he was first asked how he could test the differences between those who would fail school and those who would excel. He became interested in Child Psychology when he started to read books written by child psychologist like Charles Darwin and Alexander Bains.
Author had a passionate dedication to his studies, a train that Jean began to emulate from the early age. Jean attended Neuchatel Latin High School at the age of 11, while attending that school he wrote a short scientific paper on albino sparrow. By the time he was a teenager his papers on mollusks were being published widely. Jeans readers were unaware of his age and considered him an expert on the topic. After high school Piaget went to study zoology at the University of Neuchatel, receiving his Ph.D. in the natural sciences in 1918.
Jean Piaget was born in Neuchatel, Switzerland on August 9, 1896. He is the oldest child of Rebecca Jackson and Arthur Piaget. His father was a professor of medieval literature and showed great dedication to his studies, which was a trait that caught the attention of Mr. Piaget. At age ten Jean Piaget showed a great interest in mollusks that he began going to his local museum of natural history and he would spend hours exploring. When Jean Piaget was eleven years old, he attended Neuchatel Latin High School where, he wrote his first scientific paper on albino sparrow.
His father was a historian that authored many writings on the medieval times, and his mother was very intellectual and kind, however, she had a mental health problem that pushed Piaget to become interested in psychology (Presnell 1999). He became an enthused and determined scholar at a young age. Piaget’s early interests were of zoology (Jean Piaget n.d.). At age eleven, he published his notes and findings of a rare albino sparrow. This was the first of many articles that Piaget would write.
He wanted to measure or understand how children’s I.Q. can be determined from their abilities to spell, count or solve problems (Marchand, 2012). His primary interest was on how children develop concepts like time, number, causality, quantity, and justice, just to mention a few (Westman & Costello, 2011). He observed that a child’s brain develops and becomes more intricate, the child develops more complex thinking and ways of solving problems. From a biological perceptive, children’s ability to benefit from experience is limited since their brains are not developed enough (Cacioppo & Freberg, 2013).
One of these theorists was Maria Montessori. Montessori believed and taught that children thrived from physical learning. She believed that children were there own person and could do things by themselves, if they were taught correctly. “The most important period of life is not the age of university studies, but the first one, the period from birth to the age of six. For that is the time when mans intelligence itself his greatest implement is being formed.” (Montessori) According to the American Montessori society, Maria Montessori observed children and discovered that they do in fact learn “through sensory-motor activities, working with materials that develop their cognitive p... ... middle of paper ... ...uccessfully have social and emotional well beings.
When Piaget became interested in cognitive development, he started studies and did research and writing on his theories of cognitive development. Piaget wrote extensively on the development of thought and language patterns in children. He examined children’s conceptions of numbers, space, logic, geometry, physical reality, and moral judgment (Microsoft, 2001, p.1). Piaget was one of the first child psychologists who worked one-on-one with children instead of with a group study. During the one-on-one time he spent with the children, Piaget noticed that at different ages, specifically as they got older, children were able to learn more and understand more complex concepts.
(http://www.war-ofthe-worlds.co.uk/h_g_wells.htm). Herbert was an avid reader at an early age but it would take some time before his skills as a writer were discovered. He went and studied in Thomas Morley’s Academy for several years before poverty forced him to drop out and look for a job. He became an apprentice to a draper, but Wells did not like his job and became a pupil-teacher at Midhurst Grammar School in 1883. When Herbert was granted a scholarship to the Normal School of Science in London, he became interested and began his studies in biology and Darwinian principles under Thomas Henry Huxley (http://www.online-literature.com/wellshg/).
Investigating Cognitive Thinking Processes and the Age at Which They Develop This research was based on the work of Jean Piaget and was influenced mainly by him, the aim of the research was to assess the differences in children’s cognitive development (thinking processes) at age ranges from 4-6, 7-8 and 9 and above and to find out whether they would be able to use their logic in 3 tasks originally set out by Piaget. A Lab experiment was thought best because of the ability to replicate, in this case it was a classroom in the setting (a nursery setting in Trowbridge, Wiltshire) and 12 different children of varying ages were used as opposed to the same age group or the same gender. Introduction ============ The topic that was chosen to base this research upon is one that is featured in the A2 psychology syllabus, and is entitled Development of thinking; this fell under the main topic of cognitive development. Throughout this research, a Swiss psychologist, Jean Piaget, known for his research in developmental psychology was used as a point of reference. He studied under C. G. Jung and Eugen Bleuler in Zürich, and then in Paris at the Sorbonne.
Jacqueline was born in 1925, Lucienne in 1927 and Laurent, born in 1931 were Piaget’s test subjects. Piaget studied his own children by observing them naturally how they were raised to test object permanence. Piaget’s hypothesis was that children must develop object permanence before leaving the Sensori-motor stage of development. He wanted to see at what age this occurred and how it developed differently among different children. The idea of object permanence is simple, knowing the object exists even when not in view.