Cognitive therapists believe that automatic thoughts influence how a client feels and behaves in different situations. These automatic thoughts are indicators of schemas or core beliefs the client has. Schemas are how clients think and view their world, people, events, and environment that surrounds them. Schemas are believed to develop in early childhood experiences. During this time, depending on the experience, a child will develop a basic belief, positive or negative, about themselves and/or their world. These basic beliefs are then later backed up by critical incidents or traumatic experiences. As the client gets older and enters adulthood these schemas generate automatic thoughts when they are faced with a situation. These automatic thoughts then contribute to how they feel, behave, and physiologically respond. Early maladaptive schemas are beliefs that clients assume t...
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... ahead of time to the group then it may also lessen the anxiety of participants because they will know what to expect. It also seems very effective for group therapy because it is focused on problem solving and educating the participants. It is focused on the present more than the past. The interviews and assessment tools can also be very useful in pre-screening for the group.
Garamoni, G. (2009). Frequently asked questions about cognitive therapy. Retrieved from
Miranda, J, & Munoz, R. (2000). Group therapy manual for cognitive-behavioral treatment of
depression. Retrieved from http://epsy.tamu.edu/..%20Group%20Counseling
Sharf, R. S. (2008) Theories of Psychotherapy and Counseling: Concepts and Cases.
Psychoanalysis (pp. 25-74). Brooks/Cole, Cengage Learning
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