Birth Defects And Its Effects On The Development Of The Fetus Essay

Birth Defects And Its Effects On The Development Of The Fetus Essay

Length: 2114 words (6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Veronica Moreno Professor: Jankowski, Ph.D.
Developmental psy- PSY441B Spring 2016
Pregnancy is a very difficult time in a women’s life, everything that is digested, breathed, and felt affects the fetus. Teratogens are factors that cause developmental problems of an embryo. These factors include stress; toxin such as drug and cigarette use, the health and even the age of the mother can have an impact on the development of the fetus. Teratogen can cause birth defect that may have continuous consequences on the child life. I am very passionate about this topic due to the alarming increase of birth defects and abnormalities that have been occurring during my generation. In America one in every thirty-three babies are born with a defect (Teratogens. (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2016, from http://www.chw.org/medical-care/genetics-and-genomics-program/medical-genetics/teratogens/). These defects include physical, emotional and behavioral problems. Abnormalities such as ADHD, autism, gastroschisis, cerebral calcifications, and many more have been rising at an alarming rate. This is due to environmental factors, hereditary factors, and behavioral factors. In the two scientific articles I reviewed there is a clear connection of these factors and the effect they have on the fetus during the developmental stage and the effect it will have on the child’s life.
In the first article, Zika Virus Infection in Pregnant Women in Rio De Janerio- preliminary report, it discussed the Zika virus also known as ZIKV. ZIKV was detected in Brazil in 2005 and quickly spread to many South American countries due to its vector, a mosquito named Aedes aegypti. The disease may cause microcephaly in pregnant women. This is a neurological condition, w...


... middle of paper ...


...ducated on how emotional and physical stress can affect their pregnancy. They can also be educated on the effects that drugs and other harmful ingredients can have on their baby. Women who are expecting need to be more aware of the risk they pose on their fetus and take more responsibility in protecting their child.

• Konijnenberg, C., Lund, I. O., & Melinder, A. (2015). Behavioural outcomes of four-year-old children prenatally exposed to methadone or buprenorphine: A test of three risk models. Early Child Development and Care, 185(10), 1641-1657. doi:10.1080/03004430.2015.1016506
• Teratogens. (n.d.). Retrieved April 12, 2016, from http://www.chw.org/medical-care/genetics-and-genomics-program/medical-genetics/teratogens/).
• Zika virus infection in pregnant women in Rio de Janeiro. (2016). Current Medicine Research and Practice. doi:10.1016/j.cmrp.2016.03.003




Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Effects Of Birth Defects On Children Essay

- Davenport 1 Jasmine Davenport Professor France-Davis English Composition I 06 may 2015 What factors can lead to birth defects in new born children. Child birth is the start of a new life that all women encounter. Birth defects are physical abnormalities that can be present at birth. Birth defects can result from causes such as cigarette smoking, women of older age, and alcohol. Birth defects can have a major impact on a child’s livelihood. Birth defects can hinder children in acute and major ways....   [tags: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Obstetrics, Alcohol]

Better Essays
1316 words (3.8 pages)

Teratogens May Cause Birth Defects Essay

- A teratogen is a drug or other substance capable of interfering with the development of an embryo fetus or breastfeeding baby that may lead to birth defects, developmental malformations, or even death. It is usually something in the environment that the mother may be exposed to during her pregnancy. It could be prescription/nonprescription medications, illegal drugs, tobacco, alcohol use, vaccines, or environmental exposures. It could also be a disease present in the mother, which could increase the chance for the baby to be born with a birth defect....   [tags: embryo, breastfeeding, high-riskpregnancy]

Better Essays
784 words (2.2 pages)

Essay about Parents and Children with Birth Defects: Down Syndrome

- Down Syndrome Every parent claims that they will console their newborn with love and affection under any conditions. But inspite of what they may say, they are still worried. After all, there have been several situations with birth defects that have caused years of frusturation and difficulties. No parent wishes for their own child to be born with a genetic mutation, but even as this is true, several children are born with it. “Down syndrome, which is a genetic condition, occurs in one in every 691 births”(Laney 5)....   [tags: chromosome 21, genetic mutation]

Better Essays
944 words (2.7 pages)

Birth Defects Essay

- Birth Defects No one is immune to birth defects, yet not everyone is equally susceptible. Birth defects are not merely a medical problem. They have profound effects on the social and psychological well being of their family and friends. In the normal course of fetal development, cells migrate to their appropriate destination so that organs and limbs form where they should. Usually, the genes perform flawlessly, but mistakes can and do occur. Some of the most common birth defects results from the interaction between one or two abnormal genes out of 100,000 that make up who we are....   [tags: essays research papers]

Better Essays
2440 words (7 pages)

Causes And Adverse Effects Of Birth Defects On The Sac ( Amniotic Sac ) Essay

- Oligohydramnios Oligohydramnios is a condition in which there is not enough fluid in the sac (amniotic sac) that surrounds your unborn baby (fetus). The amniotic sac in the uterus contains fluid (amniotic fluid) that: • Protects your baby from injury (trauma) and infections. • Helps your baby move freely inside the uterus. • Helps your baby 's lungs, kidneys, and digestive system develop. This condition occurs before birth (prenatal condition), and it can interfere with your baby’s normal prenatal growth and development....   [tags: Pregnancy, Fetus, Childbirth, Obstetrics]

Better Essays
762 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on The Cause and Effects of Down Syndrome

- The Cause and Effects of Down Syndrome Some people wonder what Down syndrome is. How it is caused, and how it is treated. The causes and effects of Down syndrome is when there is an extra 21St chromosome. The effects include some birth defects and health problems. The physical features are different from someone without Down syndrome. What is Down syndrome. It is a chromosomal disorder caused by an error in cell division that results in an extra 21st chromosome (Crosta). Down syndrome causes problems with a person’s physical growth that vary by how bad it is....   [tags: extra 21st chromosome, birth defects]

Better Essays
1032 words (2.9 pages)

Side Effects of the Drug Thalidomide Essay

- Thalidomide was a popular drug used by many pregnant women in the 1950’s and 1960’s as a sedative. As stated by the Thalidomide Victims Association of Canada (2014),“The German drug company Chemie Grünenthal created Thalidomide to reduce the symptoms in pregnant patients experiencing morning sickness.”“After women taking thalidomide delivered their babies, it was evident that there was very severe and noticeable abnormalities.These birth defects were severely life changing with the children having underdeveloped and/or missing limbs, referred to as phocomelia or “nubs””(Kim, J....   [tags: sedative, pregnancy, birth defects]

Better Essays
590 words (1.7 pages)

Effects Of Effects On Prenatal Development Essay

- The term teratogen refers to any environmental agent that causes damage during the prenatal period (Berk, 2014). Teratogens can cause harmful effects on a fetus during prenatal development depending on factors like dose, heredity, age, and other negative influences. There are many environmental influences, such as prescription and nonprescription drugs, illegal drugs, tobacco, and alcohol that affect prenatal development. A discovery between drugs and prenatal development was first learned in the early 1960s....   [tags: Pregnancy, Fetal alcohol syndrome, Childbirth]

Better Essays
1001 words (2.9 pages)

Growing Up with Special Siblings Essay

- What are the effects on teenagers that grew up with older siblings with disabilities. The concepts included in this proposed research are, effects, teenagers, grew up with, and disabilities. According to Webster’s Third New International Dictionary, an effect is something that is produced by and agent or cause (Merriam-Webster, 1961). For this proposed research an effect will be any physical or mental differences, which is directly or indirectly caused through growing up with a disabled older sibling, between teenagers who fit this criterion and teenagers who do not....   [tags: disabled, teenager, birth defects]

Better Essays
855 words (2.4 pages)

Physical Child Development Essay

- Child Development Babies grow and develop at a very rapid rate during the first year of life. They grow physically, mentally, emotionally, and socially. In this paper I will discuss the physical growth and development patterns of an infant all the way through adulthood. Development is the baby's increased skill in using various body parts. When dealing with a development of a child there are three basic development rules. First development rule: This rule says that babies develop in the head region first, then the trunk, and lastly in the legs and feet....   [tags: Human Development Infant Essays]

Better Essays
1589 words (4.5 pages)