Genetic Disorders

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Genetic Disorders Most individuals are either related to or know someone who is effected by some type of disability. Many of these disabilities are caused by genetic disorders. Genetic disorders may alter physical appearance and cause mild to severe mental retardation. Fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, Turners syndrome and many other syndromes result from a mutation of a chromosome, an extra chromosome, or too few chromosomes. Discovered in 1991, Fragile X syndrome is considered a fairly new genetic disorder. According to The Fragile X Association, Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) is caused by the expansion or lengthening of the FMR1 gene on the X chromosome, known as a gene mutation. Fragile X occurs more in males than females. “Fragile X syndrome occurs in approximately 1 in 4,000 males and 1 in 8,000 females.” The X chromosome is one of two sex determining chromosomes. When the gene lengthens it switches off production of a protein that is involved in brain development and other functions. There are many different characteristics with individuals who have Fragile X. For example, they have narrow faces, large ears, a prominent jaw and forehead. Most people with Fragile X can get very angry and they can have bad anxiety. Also, they are usually hyperactive and they tend to be very fidgety they do not seem to stay still they are always moving and doing something. “About one-third of individuals with fragile X syndrome have features of autism spectrum disorders the affect communication and social interaction.” Unlike many other syndromes those affected by Fragile X are expected to have a average life span and have fewer health problems. According to Genetics Home Reference, Down syndrome is a chromosomal condition that is associated w... ... middle of paper ... ... they are still human beings and they deserve to be treated like one. Every individual is affected by some kind of disorder. Works Cited Schoenstadt, M.. N.p.. Web. 12 Mar 2014. . The U.S, National Library of Medicine,. N.p. Web. 12 Mar. 2014. . "Associated Conditions." National Down Syndrome Society. N.p., n.d. Web 12 Mar. 2014. http://www.ndss.org/Resources/Health-Care/Associated-Conditions/ "Turner Syndrome." - Genetics Home Reference. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2014. . Schoenstadt. "History of Klinefelter Syndrome." EMedTV: Health Information Brought To Life. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2014. .

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