It contains a complete set of the genetic information necessary for the development of a baby. Half of that genetic material comes from the mother, carried in the egg; the other half comes from the father, carried in the sperm cell. That means the baby will have a combination of characteristics from both parents. The next step after fertilization consists of the fertilized cell floating down the fallopian tube toward the uterus, where the cell divides into two. Those two cells then divide to make four, and the division continues.
This genetic makeup means that each individual have two copies one from their mom and one from their dad. This leads different variations know... ... middle of paper ... ... is in the center of like bioterrorism and stem cell research shows how genetics takes part in every aspect of life. Scientist being able to determine a person’s genetic makeup allows them to prescribe the safest drug for their patient. A great example of the importance of knowing an individual’s genetic makeup is represented in the field of oncology where knowing that informations saves countless lives. Consequently, even in modern time genetics is being used in medicine and human health.
Genetics helps determine the role of DNA in the inheritance of genetic traits. Genetics is the study of heredity. Offspring obtain genes from parents by a process known as inheritance. Genes(segments of DNA on a chromosome) are the hereditary units of coded information that parents endow to their offspring. The genes in our body program specific traits as we develop from fertilized eggs into adults.
These changes happen through genetic inheritance, the passing of genes from parent to offspring, generation after generation. Genes are inherited through numerous processes. Autosomal dominant inheritance means that if a person carries one copy of that gene, the trait is likely to develop in the offspring (Mandal, 2013). The gene inherited is dominant over other genes. This means that only one parent may pass the gene on in order for the trait to be passed on.
By definition, a “Designer Baby” is a genetically modified, unborn child. Basically, they are children who have been “designed” with the desired sex or characteristics. Scientists continue to learn more about the human genome, and as they do reproductive technology continually advances to levels that we never imagined. Researchers linked to Bionet point out: Advanced reproductive techniques involve using InVitro Fertilization (IVF), which is where eggs are fertilized by sperm in ‘test tubes’ outside the mother’s body in a laboratory. The type of sperm (X or Y) that fertilizes an egg can be chosen, which is used to determine the sex and genes of the baby.
The availability of methods that determine the genetic predisposition of a fetus gives rise to a whole array of questions and issues that must be confronted as we develop policies to deal with genetic testing. In this essay, I will present current and future methods for prenatal diagnosis, ethical concerns and related problems dealing with this new technology, my personal opinion on the issue, and finally, future goals in the science of genetics. All of us are potential carriers of several deleterious recessive genes that could be lethal to our offspring if combined with another recessive allele carrying the same fate (IOM 1994). The chances of a genetic disease being passed on are 1 in 100 Americans born today (March of Dimes 1997). Because of the risks involved, many people are having prenatal tests to examine the genetic makeup of their fetuses.
Completing this DNA sequencing and Physical mapping would enable us to change everything in a new born baby to the likes of the parents e.g. IQ, Color, Strength, looks, gender, etc. The Human Genome Project (HGP) is a research program for analyzing the structure of the Human DNA. This is achieved by determining the location of the one hundred thousand genes, and finding the sequence of 3 billion base pairs. In the United States of erica, this project is overseen by 2 federal Agencies, the National Institute of Health (NIH) through its National Center of Genome Research (NHGRI) and Office of Health and Environmental Research (OHER).
Gene mutation is a change in the specific chain of bases within a gene. A gene can mutate due to errors in dup... ... middle of paper ... ...e Therapy? Retrieved on May 14, 2011 from http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/therapy/genetherapy Genetic Science Learning Center (2011, January 24) Personalized Medicine (Pharmacogenetics). Learn.Genetics. Retrieved May 14, 2011, from http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/health/pharma/ McGraw-Hill Learning Solutions (2009), Essentials of Biology The Jackson Library (2011) What is Personalized Medicine?
“Today some patients have their genomes sequenced to shed light on genetic diseases or illnesses like cancer, but one day people will not wait until they are sick, for they will already know the data at birth, says Arthur Beaudet. In this day in time scientist are testing out procedures in which parents will be able to alter their child’s genes. This means parents will have the will to create their child in a way they see fit. Although, this is a technological breakthrough for scientist, many obstacles stand in the way of widespread use of prenatal DNA sequencing. To understand prenatal DNA sequencing scientist must look into the genetic inheritance and DNA of the child, for the procedure itself it creates many positive and negative effects; for the uncertain parents they must look into the procedure and learn from genetic counselors which could be the best choice, not only does providing a genetic counselor endure genetic counselors prenatal DNA sequencing also requires tons of money alone.
This issue has attracted huge concerns because it’s impossible to explain each and every factor that eventually determines who a child becomes. Notably, the development of a child involves a mix of various influences such as parenting, genetics, individual experiences, family relationships, friends, and school. One of the most important influences on a child’s development and growth is genetics, which primarily is the process of traits inheritance from parents to offspring. Child Development: Child growth and development is a process that consists of some building blocks, which are components that combine in an infinite number of ways (Cherry, n.d.). As a result of the variations of building blocks in a child’s development, educators, psychologists, and philosophers have been constantly engaged in the debate of nature versus nurture debate.