“Learning To Read”, which is an excerpt from “The Autobiography of Malcolm X” by Alex Haley, showed and described the hardships faced by Malcolm X and other minority members like him. (Haley, Alex) The book also showed the struggle of civil rights and the tremendous changes over the time period. The target audience for this writing is African Americans. Malcolm X’s purpose in composing this piece was to empower the African American population with the ability and desire to rise up against white authority. The author suggests that self-education is the true road to self-empowerment and a whole revolution.
In this book, Malcolm X establishes ethos in his autobiography by being partners with Elijah Muhammad, by founding the Nation of Islam’s first newspaper, and by traveling as an emissary to meet the world leaders. When Malcolm began working with Muhammad, he quickly gained recognition. Muhammad, the nation of Islam’s leader, had a profound amount of power, hence, Malcolm gained power by associating with Muhammad. Malcolm’s association with Muhammad allowed people to realize that he w...
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...X, generates a great deal of material that shows that blacks were being marginalized. The piece is arranged in such a way that the autobiography traces Malcolm’s early years in Michigan, where he was one of eight children of the Reverend Earl and Louise Little to the time of his assassination. The book’s Epilogue details the tragic assassination of 39-year-old Malcolm X. Haley writes that, although it has never been proven, most people believe that Black Muslims were responsible for Malcolm X’s death. (Haley, Alex)
In conclusion, Malcolm X’s ability to persuade his audience stems from his proficient utilization of rhetorical strategy to appeal to his audience. Malcolm effectively uses ethos to establish his credibility, pathos to invoke the desire to achieve empowerment, and logos to convince his audience to attain that achievement through self-education.
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