Projective tests have captivated the attention of people around the world as they are commonly depicted as fascinating methods of assessing the mystery behind an individual’s personality. Projective tests are based on the idea that “when presented with a vague, unstructured, or ambiguous stimulus or task” an individual “will reflect aspects of the personality [sic] that might be otherwise unavailable to consciousness or for assessment” (Halperin & McKay, 1998). These tests started garnering attention in the early 1900’s when there was an increased emphasis placed on the understanding of personality and how behavior occurs when the patient is unaware (Butcher, 2010). The majority of projective tests, of which there are many, can be grouped into one of the following categories: drawings, inkblot techniques, and verbal/storytelling techniques (Halperin & McKay, 1998). Projective drawings are one of the more frequently used assessment devices, but there is still a considerable amount of controversy surrounding its validity. This paper will explore the use of projective tests in evaluating personalities and its overall effectiveness as a psychological test.
One of the most commonly used projective tests with children is the House-Tree-Person test in which a child is instructed to draw a house, a tree and a whole person on a blank piece of paper. The drawings are then evaluated by psychologists in order to determine the personality of the child based on its interpretation of the task.
When the House-Tree-Person (HTP) test is used, there is no set script to instruct the child on what to draw and if different key words are used by the experimenter, it can create confusion in the child and add...
... middle of paper ...
...al Assessment,11, 266–277.
Lewis, S. P. (2012). Personality Disposition over Time: Stability, Change & Coherence.
Marnat, G. G., & Roberts, L. (1998). Human figure drawings and house tree person drawings as
indicators of self‐esteem: A quantitative approach. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 54(2), 219-222.
Meyer, G. J. (1997). On the integration of personality assessment methods: The Rorschach and
MMPI. Journal of Personality Assessment, 68, 297–330.
Vane, J. R. (1981). The thematic apperception test: A review. Clinical Psychology Review, 1(3),
West, M. M. (1998). Meta‐analysis of studies assessing the efficacy of projective techniques in
discriminating child sexual abuse Child Abuse & Neglect, 22, 1151.
Weiner, I. B. (1996). Some Observations on the Validity of the Rorschach Inkblot Method
Psychological Assessment,8(2), 206-213.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Abram Kardiner was a Neo-Freudian, who studied the possibility of external influences on personality. This led Kardiner to his works dealing with societal institutions and its interrelationship. Kardiner divided social institutions into two categorizes: Primary and Secondary Institutions (Lecture). Primary Institutions are composed of household organizations, childhood disciplines and subsistence. Secondary Institutions consist of schools/educational systems, religion,government and political organizations.... [tags: Psychology]
1049 words (3 pages)
- Introduction Personality psychology is the area of psychology that focuses on personality in the context of its variations among individuals. According to Hulbert (2009), personality defines a lasting pattern of emotions, motives, thoughts and behaviors through which the manner an individual reacts to situations and other people is characterized. Personality traits differ and they can be summarized in five perspectives that include psychodynamic, behavioral, trait, learning/social and humanistic.... [tags: Psychology, Personality psychology, Sigmund Freud]
1342 words (3.8 pages)
- Projective tests are a measure for analyzing personality. They are established in the idea of Sigmund Freud’s theory of unconscious processes. Projective techniques were first sought out as a means for people to unconsciously project their personality on to obscure or vague stimuli, possibly revealing the patient’s internal conflicts and hidden emotions. Projective testing has been found to significantly differ from other objective psychological tests through the range of possible responses making them difficult to standardize and evaluate (Trull, 2005).... [tags: Psychology]
2530 words (7.2 pages)
- The Rorschach inkblot test is one of the most widely known psychological projective test of personality, and the most controversial. In general, projective tests are psychoanalytically based tools that assist clients to reveal their unconscious conflicts via responses towards ambiguous stimuli, and can also help psychologists to determine psychological disorders. Specifically, the Rorschach allows individuals to interpret a series of abstract inkblots based on their emotional and cognitive function, as well as interaction (Barlow & Durand, 2009).... [tags: Psychology, Personality]
2367 words (6.8 pages)
- Critical thinking journal assignment The Rorschach is an empirically supported projective assessment tool, which can aid in the clinical decision making process. The Rorschach has been a projective measure that has been found to have validity in relation to psychological constructs such as: depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia (Gacono, Evans & Viglione, 2002). The Rorschach has been found to aid in the formulation of personality information by generating data relating to a person’s emotional management, thinking arrangements, interpersonal functioning, and how they see themselves (Del Giudice, 2008).... [tags: Psychology, Personality psychology]
1442 words (4.1 pages)
- Psychological tests and ethical considerations There is no doubt that psychological assessments are an important tool to evaluate a variety of mental facets. The main purpose of assessments is to gather enough information to issue a report regarding one or various mental aspects of an individual. These reports can significantly change a person 's life or society either favorably or unfavorably. That is why evaluators who conduct and emit reports must have the necessary expertise to make accurate ones.... [tags: Psychometrics, Assessment, Clinical psychology]
705 words (2 pages)
- Personality is an individual’s characteristic style of behaving thinking and feeling. Personality is something we develop naturally as we travel through life we try to understand the process of personality development and they have pondered questions of description like how do the people differ why do people differ and the bigger question of measurement is how can personality be assessed for biologists attempted to classify all plants and animals personalities by labeling and describing different personalities psychologist focus on specific individual.... [tags: Personality psychology, Psychology]
705 words (2 pages)
- William Stern in the 1912 took the mental age of an individual, divided it by the chronological age and obtained the ratio, which he called as an intelligence quotient. Intelligence quotient (IQ) is a score used to express the relative intelligence of a person. In the modern society with high competition in different areas intelligence tests are widely used. IQ tests starting to appear in job interviews as a part of the application process as well. This is still a controversial issue about whether IQ tests should be included in the employability process.... [tags: Tests, Jobs, Skills]
521 words (1.5 pages)
- INTRODUCTION Industrial psychology is concerned with people at work. It is also called personnel psychology. A closely related field is known as organizational psychology. Traditionally, industrial psychologists have assessed differences among individual workers and have evaluated individual jobs. Organizational psychologists generally seek to understand how workers function in an organization, and how the organization functions in society. The distinctions between industrial psychology and organizational psychology are not always clear.... [tags: Psychology]
8412 words (24 pages)
- Psychological Tests The primary motivation for the development of the major tests used today was the need for practical guidelines for solving social problems. The first useful intelligence test was prepared in 1905 by the French psychologists Alfred Binet and Théodore Simon. The two developed a 30-item scale to ensure that no child could be denied instruction in the Paris school system without formal examination. In 1916 the American psychologist Lewis Terman produced the first Stanford Revision of the Binet-Simon scale to provide comparison standards for Americans from age three to adulthood.... [tags: Papers]
2053 words (5.9 pages)