Dr. William Glasser was a distinguished psychiatrist and author known for his distinctive views about mental illness. Glasser broke away from the traditional model of psychotherapy in the early 1960s to develop his own model of counseling. Dr. Glasser began with the development of therapy before he developed his theoretical stance. Glasser created what is known as Reality Therapy. Glasser first defined Reality Therapy as “a therapy that leads all patients toward reality, towards grappling successfully with tangible and intangible aspects of the real world” (p.6).
In 1967, he founded The Institute for Reality Therapy. In 1969, Glasser published Schools Without Failure. Glasser suggests that children be taught about these needs as well as ways of more legitimately satisfying them. Choice theory places a great emphasis on helping children achieve their needs responsibly. Glasser states that when children’s needs are met, they find little cause to create trouble. The task of the teacher is to help them satisfy their needs legitimately and to help them learn to balance their needs.
In the late 70’s, Glasser was introduced to control theory systems through the writings of William T. Powers. In consultation with Powers, Dr. Glasser applied Powers’ knowledge of how systems work to the field of human behavior.
By 1980, he had begun to form the idea that led to choice theory: why so many people are unhappy in their relationships. Unlike all other living creatures, only human beings are genetically driven by the need for power. We try to satisfy that need by using what he calls, external control psychology – literally trying to force people to do what we want them to do. This struggle has led to the symptoms described in the DSM-IV. ...
... middle of paper ...
Glasser, W. (2000). Reality therapy in action. New York, NY: Harper & Row.
Howatt, W. A. (2001). The evolution of reality therapy to choice theory. International Journal Of Reality Therapy, 21(1), 7-12.
Lary, B. K. (2013). Explaining Glasser's 'Quality World'. International Journal Of Choice Theory & Reality Therapy, 33(1), 44-50.
Palmatier, L. (1998). Crisis counseling for a quality school community. Bristol, PA: Accelerated Development.
Rapport, Z. (2006). Replacing Mental Disorders with Unhappiness. International Journal Of Reality Therapy, 25(2), 30-31.
Sommers-Flanagan, J.& Sommers- Flanagan, R.(2004).Counseling and Psychotherapy Theories in Context and Practice: Skills, Strategies, and Techniques. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
Wubbolding, R.E. (2000). Reality therapy in the 21st century. Muncie, IN: Accelerated Development (Taylor & Francis).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- When I first heard “Quality World,” I thought of everybody having equal right and of civil rights. That was until I found out about a man by the name of William Glasser an American psychiatrist. Glasser, he developed the “choice theory” also known as “quality world”. Which basically says that since you were young have always had an idea of what would make your life perfect and understand what is important to you. So when I visualize my Quality world I see myself seven or nine years in the future out of school and accomplishing my goal to become a lawyer.... [tags: Want, Need, Choice theory, WANT]
741 words (2.1 pages)
- Psychology is a field of adventure and experience it is a study of the brain where the human mind is at many places at once. William Glasser is a modern psychiatrist who developed reality therapy and choice theory. Many psychiatrists have established different theories and ideas to build success in their profession; however, Glasser began to develop his theories after numerous years of practice. He recognized many patients with the same issues. These people were tremendously hopeless with their lives, especially, with the relationships they held with people around them.... [tags: modern psychiatrists]
1504 words (4.3 pages)
- The theory of choice was reality therapy. Dr. William Glasser founded reality therapy in 1965. The theory’s view of human nature is that people act in a way that will satisfy their needs and wants. Our circumstances in life are caused by our own choices. Human choose whether to be the victim or victors. The theory is based on behaviors such as acting, thinking, feeling, and physiology. The goal of reality therapy is to change thinking and acting so that feelings and physiology match up. Humans want to find happiness; hence, people choose their behaviors to try and meet the need for happiness.... [tags: Want, Need, Psychotherapy, Love]
1799 words (5.1 pages)
- Reality Therapy Introduction William Glasser, who “published his first book, Mental Health or Mental Illness?” was the foundation of “Reality Therapy” in 1961.” (Corey, 1977/1991) “Dr. Glasser began his work in an adolescent girl’s juvenile facility.” (Mary Lahey, 2013 PowerPoint Presentation) This was in total opposition to a popular theory of the times by Sigmund Freud. Freud’s Psychoanalysis theory states; That each individual is unique, that there are factors outside of a person's awareness (unconscious thoughts, feelings, and experiences) which influence his or her thoughts and actions, that the past shapes the present that human beings are always engaged in the process of develop... [tags: Glasser, control therapy, behavior]
1800 words (5.1 pages)
- My fundamental beliefs are that adults and children should have respect for one another treating people as individuals. I believe that we should model a sense of understanding, encouragement, trust, teamwork, and perseverance in all who we come in contact with. I believe that everyone has should have the opportunity to learn in a environment that is positive and encouraging. Recognizing my fundamental beliefs I know that in the Skinner-Rogers’ dichotomy that I fall on the Rogerian side of the scale.... [tags: essays research papers]
2490 words (7.1 pages)
- Reality Therapy Like many theorist, William Glasser, one of the founders, of reality therapy, was a Freudian psychologist who became displeased with this approach and began pioneering with new methods, which later came to called reality therapy. From 1960’s to the 1970’s reality therapy was designed at putting a few basic concepts of the approach to work in a variety of settings, such as correctional facilities, schools, private practice, marital and family, group work, and counseling in community clinics.... [tags: Psychology, Maslow's hierarchy of needs]
1618 words (4.6 pages)
- Glasser, founder of the choice theory, believes that all students internally select their behavior in order to satisfy one or more basic needs. For instance, he maintains that people are not victims of external circumstances that force them to behave a certain way. He asserts that teachers should make school interesting and fulfilling for students by satisfying their basic needs for security, love and belonging, power, freedom, and fun. Glasser says that educators shouldn’t expect students to work and behave properly unless these basic needs are being satisfied enough, so that it makes sense for students to continue to work and behave accordingly.... [tags: Education, School, Teacher, The Work]
743 words (2.1 pages)
- The best suitable theoretical perspective that best suits the topic around policing and the general culture in India would correspond with the rational choice theory. The rational choice theory corresponds with the strong quantitative modeling approach derived from econometric modeling (Akers, 1990). The meaning behind econometric modeling is known as one of the tools that economists use to forecast future developments in the economy. It would correspond with consumer spending, employment, household income etc.... [tags: Economics, Rational choice theory, Utility]
972 words (2.8 pages)
- Sigmund Freud was largely influential to various psychiatrists, who would initially pursue his psychoanalytic or psychodynamic approach. However, Freud would later be challenged by William Glasser in his development of Reality Therapy, Wolpe & Albert Ellis’s Behavior Therapy, Aaron Beck’s Cognitive Behavior Therapy, and Albert Ellis’s Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (McCarthy & Archer, 2013). The before mentioned individuals develop new approaches that were found more effective with the changing times and referred to as the thought-focused treatment.... [tags: Psychotherapy, Psychology]
1623 words (4.6 pages)
- Sophie's Choice: William Styron William Styron's novel Sophie's Choice explores the way people moved on with life after the Great Depression, and World War II. The book gives an inside look into the lives of two very different individuals, Sophie, a Polish woman and an Auschwitz survivor, as well as Nathan, a Jewish man who is a paranoid schizophrenic and growing more mentally unstable. The story is told through the eyes of a young writer named Stingo and tells of his interactions with the couple.... [tags: William Styron Sophie Choice Essays]
1184 words (3.4 pages)
- Non-Profit Charitable Organizations: The Oakville-Milton Humane Society
- The Advantages of Animal Cloning
- Taking Bill Maher's Religulous Apart
- The Impacts of New Public Management Policies and Reforms in UK’s Public Sector since the 90’s
- Why Machines Cannot Have Conciousness
- IKEA versus Bob Discount Furniture