The Historical, Philosophical, and Empirical Foundations of Psychology

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The field of psychology is a discipline, originated from many branches of science. It has applications from within a complete scope of avenues, from psychotherapy to professional decision-making. The flexibility and versatility of this field reflects its importance and demands in-depth analysis. Psychology was a division of philosophy until it developed independent scientific disciplines. The history of psychology was a scholarly study of the mind and behavior that dates back to the beginning of civilization. There are important details from previous theory psychologist, research have contributed to behaviorism approaches and have contributed towards specific current behavioral practices. Contemporary behavior therapy began to emerge into distinct practical and core learning theories concerning the needs and knowledge engaging cultural and professional differences. The Historical, Philosophical, and Empirical Foundations of Psychology The study of psychology began as a theoretical subject a branch of ancient philosophy, and later as a part of biological sciences and physiology. However, over the years, it has grown into a rigorous science and a separate discipline, with its own sets of guidance and experimental techniques. This paper aims to study the various stages that the science of psychology passed through to reach its contemporary status, and their effects on its development. It begins with an overview of the historical and philosophical basis of psychology, discusses the development of the various schools of thought, and highlights their effects on contemporary personal and professional decision-making. The History of Psychology Psychology historical beliefs were although considered as a rather contemporary scienc... ... middle of paper ... ...MA: Pearson Custom Publishing. Khaleefa, O. (1999). Who are The Founder of Psychophysics and Experimental Psychology? American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences (16) 2. Rickabaugh, C. A. (2002). Psychology (5th ed.). US: McGraw-Hill. Roth, A., Fonagy, P. (2005). What works for Whom? A Critical Review of Psychotherapy Research. US: Guilford Press. Smith, M. K. (1997, 2004). Carl Rogers and Informal Education. In The Encyclopedia of Informal Education. Retrieved from http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-rogers.htm Wiley Backe, A. (2001). John Dewey and early Chicago functionalism. History of Psychology. 4(4), 323-340. Retrieved from PsycARTICLES 3, February 2010. Wolpe, J. (1972). Review of "Behavior Therapy and Beyond". Professional Psychology, 3(4), 390-392. doi:10.1037/h0020744. Wundt, W. M. (2006). Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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