How Have Psychodynamic Therapies Changed Since Freud?

explanatory Essay
1295 words
1295 words

How Have Psychodynamic Therapies Changed Since Freud?


The psychodynamics theory which was introduced by Freud to understand the human mind and psyche, reached a new level in the continuous analysis from therapists. Psychodynamics originally has been explained as a study of various psychological forces that affect human behavior which is related to early experiences. It specifically discusses the connection between the conscious and subconscious motivations. The theory was further analyzed and developed by Melanie Klein, Carl Jung and Alfred Adler. Based on the theory, the psychodynamic therapy evolved to help patients through psychoanalysis. With time other therapies like individual, group and family therapy evolved to offer treatment by understanding the present day complexities in more detail. The main aim of the therapy is self –awareness through identifying the various influences of many past events in life. The therapies are continuously evolving since it was introduced by Freud to help in solving a variety of psychological disorders within people.

Contemporary development in the Psychodynamic therapy

Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung penned Psychology of Dementia Praecox in 1907 in which he discussed about the Freudian concept of psychodynamic thoughts, however he incorporated new analysis and fresh research alongside the Freudian literatures. In his discussion, he included new concepts like wholeness of psyche; individual is composed with ego, collective unconscious, archetypes which are composed of tension that comes from spontaneity, recognizing the spiritual side of the human psyche (Ballen, 1997).

John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth studied imprinting and developed the attachment theory. He rejected ...

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...). Freud scientifically reappraised (1st ed.). New York: Wiley & Sons.

Fonagy, P. (1999). Relation of theory and practice in psychodynamic therapy. Journal Of Clinical Child Psychology, 28(4), 513--520.

Freud, S., Strachey, J., Freud, A., Rothgeb, C., & Richards, A. (1953). The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (1st ed.). London: Hogarth Press.

Leichsenring, F., & Leibing, E. (2003). The effectiveness of psychodynamic therapy and cognitive behavior therapy in the treatment of personality disorders: a meta-analysis. American Journal Of Psychiatry, 160(7), 1223--1232.

Messer, S., & Warren, C. (1995). Models of brief psychodynamic therapy (1st ed.). New York: Guilford Press.

Westen, D. (1998). The scientific legacy of Sigmund Freud: toward a psychodynamically informed psychological science. Psychological Bulletin, 124(3), 333.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains the psychodynamics theory introduced by freud to understand the human mind and psyche reached a new level in the continuous analysis from therapists.
  • Explains that freud's psychodynamic therapy is based on a few focused thoughts such as ego, object relation, individual psychology and sexual expression in dreams.
  • Explains ballen, w. freud's views and the contemporary application of hypnosis: enhancing therapy within a psychoanalytic framework.
  • Explains that carl jung's psychology of dementia praecox incorporated new concepts like wholeness of psyche, ego, collective unconscious, archetypes, and attachment theory.
  • Explains how the development of attachment theory, cognitive research, neuroscientific research and critical analysis of sexuality and gender issues influenced the classical thoughts about psychoanalysis.
  • Explains that psychodynamic therapies have changed with time and as per demand of treatment. they are implemented to treat abusive disorders, drug addiction, trauma, sexual problems, and mental issues.
  • Describes sigmund freud's works, including the standard edition of the complete psychological works.
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