Over the past thirty years, a new technique for planting has started to be slowly adopted by many farming operations throughout the United States and the world. This method, which reduces greenhouse gas emissions, soil erosion, and farm expenditures, is no-till agriculture. No-till agriculture is an alternative to conventional tillage practices which have dominated the landscape of agriculture for many centuries. There are multiple issues that hinder the rate at which no-till agriculture is being adopted, but they are far outweighed by the advantages provided by no-till farming. This paper will seek to provide evidence and logic that will prove that no-till farming is vastly superior to conventional techniques, and as the next natural step in the advancement of agriculture no-till farming will serve as a way to improve farms across the world in terms of efficiency and cost effectiveness. It will also provide evidence that our current industry must change in order to provide incentives for farmers to work to conserve our resources and look towards the future.
Conventional agriculture refers to the process by which farmers break up the soil using farm equipment in order to speed up the decomposition of organic matter in the soil and prepare the soil for the planting of seeds. This process is referred to as tillage, and is accomplished using certain farm implements which have been developed and specialized specifically for this task. No-till practices effectively eliminate the entire tillage process, negating the need for the equipment, gas, labor, and maintenance costs that are associated with soil tillage. The elimination of this step in the farming process can decrease farm costs a great deal, and allow many farmers more fre...
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...eb. 19 Feb 2014. https://cropwatch.unl.edu/tillage/notill
O'Connor, Claire. "Farmers Reap Benefits as No-Till Adoption Rises." Switchboard. National Resource Defense Council, 14 Nov. 2013. Web. 18 Apr. 2014.
Reagan, Brad . "Plowing Through the Confusing Data on No-Till Farming." The Wall Street Journal 15 Oct. 2012: n. pag. Print.
Reji P. Mathew, Yucheng Feng, Leonard Githinji, Ramble Ankumah, and Kipling S. Balkcom, “Impact of No-Tillage and Conventional Tillage Systems on Soil Microbial Communities,” Applied and Environmental Soil Science, vol. 2012, Article ID 548620, 10 pages, 2012. doi:10.1155/2012/548620.
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences (ACES). "No-till soil organic carbon sequestration rates published." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 18 April 2014.
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