Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Reconnaissance Evolution
Unconventional warfare by means of chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) methods have existed for millennia. Dating as far back as the Hellenistic Age, this means of lethality has been evidenced through textual findings where Alexander the Great and his Army sustained poisoned arrows from Indian rivals. With the evolution that comes with time, the extensive use of chlorine and mustard gas were introduced by Germans during World War I (Landau, 1991). More recently in 2013, the confirmed stockpile and use of chemical weapons in Syria and North Korea has threatened the safety of the global community with terrorism and tactics of surprise. In order to combat this resurgence of CBRN warfare, the United States Army developed and continuously adapts to these types of threats by employing CBRN Defense. Under this system, CBRN reconnaissance operations were established to observe an area to locate and identify any possible contamination. Managed by CBRN reconnaissance platoons, these operations remain one of the most important defense principles of contamination avoidance.
CBRN Reconnaissance Key Mobile Detection Systems
In 1995, the Fox M93A1 Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Reconnaissance System (NBCRS) was developed as a variant of a German mobile detection concept (Military Analysis Network, 2001). The FOX is a lightly armored, wheeled system whose primary mission is to detect, identify, mark, sample and report contamination. Reconnaissance elements are able to utilize this highly mobile laboratory to instantaneously analyze water, air, and ground samples for indications of contamination. These vehicles encompass a full dimensi...
... middle of paper ...
...importance of our existing capabilities.
(2004). FM 3-11.19 Multiservice tactics, techniques, and procedures for nuclear, biological, and
Landau, E. (1991). Chemical and biological warfare. (p. 51). New York, NY: Lodestar Books.
Mauroni, A. (2000). America's struggle with chemical-biological warfare. (p. 151). Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.
Military Analysis Network. (2001, March). Fox M93A1 Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Reconnaissance System (NBCRS). Retrieved from http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/land/m93a1.htm
Stark, T. (2006, June). NBCRV Latest Stryker variant to be tested. TSM Stryker/Bradley Corner.
Using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for CBRN. (2013, December). Retrieved from
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- It is often said that casualties are a major part of every war. What if this is an unnecessary step to winning in combat, that the number of casualties could be greatly limited to a smaller number. Today, hundreds of thousands of people in Joint Task Forces are putting their lives in danger in Afghanistan, Iraq and even the surrounding bodies of water for the greater good. The technique that is frequently used in combat, that dates back to the American Revolution, is called Guerrilla Warfare, and is fought by small teams of four to eight people; these small groups are called Special Forces.... [tags: Non-Conventional Warfare, Conventional Warfare, wa]
2289 words (6.5 pages)
- In the national security and defense, Russia has closed its scientific component because of such a problem, they are directly related with customers such as the Ministry of Defence (and GRU) and the Russian FSB. Currently, it has implemented biomedical programs. It should also be noted that there is always work on a new scientific basis outside the formal plan in fundamental and applied sciences (Davis, 1999). Total world political and military situation in the world dramatically escalates. Russia is no longer able to world leadership in the military sphere.... [tags: Ministry of Defense, national security, Russia]
1204 words (3.4 pages)
- A biological warfare attack on agriculture is based on the motive of all terrorist attacks; to elicit fear and anxiety among the public (Roberge n.p.). With this in mind, terrorists have many avenues of attack in regards to our agriculture and food industries. Each section, or characteristic, of this industry has its own areas of security over watch as well as unique security weaknesses. How then could a terrorist attack our agriculture and food industries and how do these characteristics increase our risk.... [tags: Food industry, Food, Biological warfare]
720 words (2.1 pages)
- The United States (US) has been involved on the ongoing wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria for many years. After nearly a decade of war with an enemy that cannot be compared to any past adversary our military has been forced to evolve. In order to confront all of the issues that occur in a society that is repressive to women we have to evaluate rules that have governed our forces. One primary focus for the evaluation has been the role of women in a combat environment. In past wars and conflicts women were restricted from the “front lines”.... [tags: Unconventional Warfare]
1175 words (3.4 pages)
Explaining Why Biological Warfare Cannot be Explained with the SCOT Theory, Actor-Network Theory and Technological Systems Theory
- The purpose of this essay is to explain why it will be a problem to explain biological warfare with the SCOT theory, actor-network theory and technological systems theory. Social Construction of Technology (SCOT) is a theory that was introduced by Weiber Bijker that explains the link between social and technical processes of a technology or artifact. Bjiker argued that technology is shaped by human engineers, market forces, consumer’s needs and demands. In SCOT, technology is a social construction.... [tags: biological warfare]
619 words (1.8 pages)
- The term “biological warfare” has been used quite frequently lately. We see it on the news, read it in magazines and newspapers, and hear about it in the political rhetoric of the day. However, the sad reality is that most Americans are not well informed about how dangerous the threat of biological warfare really is. Not only that, but our own government is not even prepared to deal with a biological attack, something that is more probable than most of us would like to believe. Biological warfare is not all that complicated.... [tags: Biological Warfare War Weapons Essays]
2318 words (6.6 pages)
- Biological Warfare: Testing and Researching Toxins Biological Warfare is the use and employment of biological agents to harm or kill humans, animals, or plant life. Bio warfare can cause a significant amount of casualties with less preparation and work then other types of attacks. The weapons are relatively cheap and, unlike explosive attacks, biological attacks can be used to kill a select group. This meaning a biological agent can be created that would, for example only target animals or only target humans.... [tags: Biological Warfare Research Essays]
2817 words (8 pages)
- Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Warfare Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) warfare is one of the most dreaded forms of attack on the battlefield. In the last century, we learned a great deal about how life works, how it is organized. We have used that technology to save many lives by curing diseases and vaccinating against viruses. But it seems that whenever we have a breakthrough in science, there is an ever-present danger of a form of weapon resulting from the discovery. Biological Warfare is defined as bacteria, viruses, fungi or rickettsia, which are used in wartime to cause disease or death in people (Hay, 1984).... [tags: Papers]
1129 words (3.2 pages)
- Chemical and Biological Weaponry Introduction: A Modern Day Trojan Horse Although the envelope resembled a letter from a fourth grade student, the contents addressed to Senator Tom Daschle were life threatening. Laced within the envelope was a form of the bacteria known as Bacillus Anthracis, bacteria more commonly known as anthrax. When exposed to humans, an anthrax infection leads to the release of toxins, which if not properly treated are fatal (cnn.com). Around the same time of Senator Daschle’s threat, other cases of anthrax exposure were publicized.... [tags: Biological Warfare Nuclear Weapons Ethics Essays]
1329 words (3.8 pages)
- To influence and move foreign policy in the direction they desire international leaders have several tools available to them ranging from diplomatic interaction with other countries to the use of overt or covert military force. The United States is not the only country to use its military as a political instrument and all can use the military at various levels of force. This paper will review the levels of force options American political leaders have for the use of the military in accomplishing U.... [tags: Definition, Function, Politics]
1597 words (4.6 pages)