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    classification of organisms, it is the organization (separation) of all the known organisms into groups based on their shared features, these groups are then organized into further, larger groups. These groups are all referred to as Taxa (Taxon - singular). The taxa used in taxonomy are: Species, Genus, Family, Order, Class, Phylum and kingdom, each group getting larger going form species to kingdom. Taxa Used in Taxonomy ===================== Species ------- Organisms That are able

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    is like a system to us. In biology, the method to keep track and record organism in an organized method, this method is called as taxonomy. An 18th century biologist Linnaeus created and improved this concept and created the binomial nomenclature. The Linnaean binomial system of classifying animals brought organization from chaos Even to this day, the international congress of zoologist has created rules in naming organisms, the rules include: • Names must be in Latin and printed in italics, like

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    The Roles of Water in Living Organisms and as an Environment for the Organisms Without water there would be no life on Earth; this is why water is the most important biochemical of all. In "Human Biology" by J.M Orten and O.W. Nevhans, it is suggested that 70% of all body weight is water, most of which is found in three major compartments: 70% intracellular fluid, 20% interstitial fluid (lymph) and 7% blood plasma, and only 3% in other compartments. By volume, nearly a half of each of

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    Model Organisms

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    During the course of the past thirty years, the study of model organisms has become more significant in the study of embryological development. A model organism is a species that is easy to cultivate and monitor in a laboratory environment and is used to represent broad groups of organisms. Examples of successful and important model organisms include the Ascidia, Zebrafish, and Medeka species. Through intense researching of these organisms, scientists have been able to gain valuable insight into the

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    concept of evolution and how organisms have developed and evolved. Darwin, known as the founder of evolution, was documented as the first biologist to propose how evolution and genetic variation occurred in different organisms. Darwin’s theory of evolution focuses on the competing relationships among the same species; which in this theory, is the cause of genetic variation ultimately resulting in evolution. Furthermore, this means, that the competition among organisms result in genetic diversity,

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    Genetically Modified Organisms Genetically Modified foods are tested over 120 times before they are passed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Genetically modified organisms are inspected by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) to ensure the safety of the new varieties of plants that are produced. The Animal and Plant Inspection Service regulates the research development by requiring permits for testing of the new varieties. The population of the world is said to reach ten billion

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    Infection is caused by micro-organisms or harmful pathogens which can be found everywhere i.e. in the air, in the water we drink and the air. Some microorganisms or microbes can be helpful to us and an alternative name for them is normal flora. However, other microbes can be harmful and detrimental to our health and these can be called pathogens. Microbes would prefer to grow in an area of no competition thus with the presence of large numbers of flora pathogens or harmful microbes are discouraged

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    The Role of Water in the Lives of Organisms Water is perhaps the most important molecule for the survival and life of all living organisms because there is a wide spectrum of roles that it plays. The fact that the earth's surface consists of 70.8% water shows its significance and importance. ====================================================================== Firstly, water has the chemical formula Hg0 (two Hydrogen atoms to one Oxygen atom), the covalent bonds between which create

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    Exploring Different Organisms and Their Size Different organisms are of different sizes. If I take an example of two organisms such as an amoeba, which is a single celled organism and an elephant, which is a multicellular organism I can see that they are obviously of different sizes. [IMAGE] AMOEBA Amoeba [IMAGE] ELEPHANT Elephant Since an amoeba is small it has a large surface area compared to its volume. Since an elephant is large its surface area is small in

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    Question 1: Briefly describe and list fives characteristics of living organisms. Give examples of each. 1. Organization is one characteristic of life. An example of this is the levels of biological organization. The complex organization of life begins with atoms, the basic unit of matter. The atoms then combine to form small molecules and then begin to form larger molecules within a cell. Eventually the organism grow to form new populations. Each level progresses into something bigger. 2. The second

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