Consumption of GMOs has various health effects on both body systems of animals and humans. GMOs also affect the environment, ecosystems and other animal species. The cons outweigh the pros in the case of GMOs. According to scientists, genetically engineering crops contributes to their quality. Crops that have been genetically modified to have a particular trait can decrease the amount of herbicides needed for growing that crop.
Research currently done in the field of biotechnology is aimed at producing crops that will have high yields through the use of genetically modified foods. Genetic engineering comprises of selective breeding that allows manipulation of genes either by altering or removing genes (Oniang'o, 2011, p.2). The impact of genetically modified foods on agricultural productivity and poverty eradication has for a long time been a source of controversy (Grushkin, 2012, p.18). Increase in production quantities are expected to lower food prices either at a local or global level, only if the countries are open to agricultural trade agreements. The genetically modified crops are those crops whose genetic material has been altered.
But opponents for GMO continue to fight and protest the safety of any GMO’s and are we truly ready for them, currently agricultural plants are one of the most frequently used examples of genetically modified organisms, some benefits of genetic engineering in agriculture are increased crop yields, which advocates believe will reduced the costs of food and reduce the need for pesticides. They also believe that they enhance the nutrient composition of food quality and is resistance to pests and disease, many feel that using GMO’s can benefit the world 's growing
The proponents present the input trait invention, which seeks to cultivate bioengineered elements into the crops with an aim of substantially reducing the incorporation of environmentally dangerous pesticides. They also present the output trait invention, which seeks to bioengineer attributes into the seeds with an aim of bolstering nutrition, shelf life and quality. In this regard, most scientists maintain that GMOs become mini factories in future, and would address malnutrition within the developing nations (Leggie and Durant 59). There is also the agronomic trait invention, which seeks to ... ... middle of paper ... ...mers Trust for Information: The Case of Genetically Modified Food?” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 86.5(2004): 1222-1229 Isaac, Grant, and Phillips Peter. “Market Access and Market Acceptance for Genetically Modified Products.” Proceedings of NE-165 Conference, Washington D. C.: London School of Economics, 2000.
Genetically modified foods benefit not only the farmers and ranchers, but the entire population. By modifying the crops, it gives them genes that make them resistant to damaging weeds, yield killing pests, and other diseases that can wipe out a farmer’s field completely. Pests and weeds can become resistant to some of the traits that are put into the crops. A new trait is always under development for seeds because of the resistance. By developing new traits it reduces they reduce the amount of herbicides and pesticides used by farmers.
So instead of scientists using breeding they use a method known as genetic engineering, which can create plants with desired a lot faster and with more accuracy. An example of genetic engineering in plants is, a scientist can take a gene from a crop that has drought tolerance and put that gene into another plant to give the plant more drought tolerance. Other examples of genetic engineering are the placement of genes into plants that produce crystals that will kill insects that try to eat off the plants, creating a natural p... ... middle of paper ... ...h proper nutrition. Criticisms that are against genetically modified foods are unintended harm to other species. The unintended harm comes from the genes is some crops that cause some insects to die.
This can be achieved by modifying the genetic makeup of the parent plant that produces the seeds. As the amount of land for food decreases with the growing population, the quality and success of crop growths have to be achieved without flaw (Siedler 48). “Many of the techniques used in biotechnology today are not new but are more precise and more rapid versions of traditional methods used throughout history” (Siedler 48). This means that genetic modification is just a more advanced version of cross-breeding plants used in the earlier days. By insuring in genetically modified foods, it is possible to reduce the chance of widespread famine (“Genetic Engineering”).
Even though genetically modified organisms were created to grow more food there are negative aspects to these types of crops that are harmful to humans and animals. Therefore GMO’s should be studied more because there are positive impacts but harmful side effects. Genetically modified organisms is an organism whose genetic material has been changed using genetic engineering techniques. Organisms that have been genetically modified include microorganisms such as bacteria and yeast, insects, plants, fish, and mammals. GMO’s are the source of genetically modified foods, and are also widely used in scientific research and to produce goods other than food.
Genetically engineered crops appear to have minimal effects on the environment and humans, they produce larger yields of crops, and they could be the answer to world hunger. The main use of genetically modified technology was to allow farmers to use a broad- spectrum weed killer to control weeds, and to lessen the use of herbicides and pesticides and their negative effects on our environment. The National Research Council issued a report that found genetically modified crops have increased profits for farmers and they do less damage to the environment than conventional crops (Kilman n/a). By planting these types of crops, farmers have to till less often, which helps with soil erosion, as well as costs. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the agriculture health of the United States requires the concurrent feasibility, or coexistence of organic crops and genetically modified crops (Keifer 1241).
In addition, some GMOs have plant killer immunization, especially to the weed killer glyphosate. However, there is a chance that the weeds may gain these good properties through gene flow and that insects will become immune to BT. Likewise, GMOs can help feed the world, especially poor countries like Bangladesh, the Philippines, and Indonesia. Nutritional value can be given to certain crops, which would in turn benefit the people eating the crops. However, there is always the chance that these countries would become dependent on the creators of GMOs, which are big and powerful companies like Monsanto.