Enzyme Reactions Essays

  • Enzyme Catalyzed Reactions

    677 Words  | 2 Pages

    one of the factors that affect the enzyme activity will be examined. All enzymes are proteins. The function of enzymes are to accelerate defined chemical reactions by alternating the rate of the reaction. They will not trigger a reaction to take place that would not occur naturally. Having a particular enzyme to catalyze each of the chemical reactions that take place in a living cell, total control of metabolism can be sustained by an organism. Catalase is an enzyme found in cellular organelles called

  • Reaction Enzyme Lab

    1582 Words  | 4 Pages

    functioning. Chemical reactions play into a cells ability to carry out a function, cells use fuel in the form protein. A common protein is an enzyme; it can be defined as “a protein that serves as a biological catalyst, changing the rate of a chemical reaction without being consumed by the reaction.” (Campbell, 2009). In the process of a reaction enzyme can help to either move a reaction along of completely speed up the process. When enzymes are helping to aid in a reaction it acts upon what is called

  • Rate of Reaction Using Enzymes

    2254 Words  | 5 Pages

    Rate of Reaction Using Enzymes In this bit of coursework I will be investigating the rate of reaction in which enzymes are the catalyst breaking down a substrate. The substrate I am going to use is Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2, water with another Oxygen), this molecule usually breaks down on its own accord, but also the rate of decomposition can be increased with the use of a catalyst; in this case the catalyst is a biological one called an enzyme. Hydrogen Peroxide slowly breaks down on its

  • Following the Progress of an Enzyme Controlled Reaction

    3587 Words  | 8 Pages

    the Progress of an Enzyme Controlled Reaction Plan ---- Enzymes are a widely used source of biological catalyst; they are used in widely in industry as in the biological aspects. Enzymes are biological catalyst; this means that they will speed up a reaction with out becoming used up. The enzymes for this by not actually interfering with the reaction its self but basically align the two substrates on the active site of the enzyme. Amylases are widely spread enzymes that hydrolyse starch

  • Potato Enzyme Reaction Lab

    640 Words  | 2 Pages

    compare the rate of reactions when they are affected by protein catalysts (enzymes) and non-protein catalysts under varying conditions. The reaction occurred the fastest when the liver and potato was crushed up to increase the surface area between the enzyme and the substrate. This proved the following hypothesis correct: it was hypothesized that if the liver and potato are broken up into smaller pieces, then the rate of reaction will increase because the surface area between the enzyme and its substrate

  • Enzyme Catalyzed Reaction Lab Report

    514 Words  | 2 Pages

    In this lab, it was determined how the rate of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction is affected by physical factors such as enzyme concentration, temperature, and substrate concentration affect. The question of what factors influence enzyme activity can be answered by the results of peroxidase activity and its relation to temperature and whether or not hydroxylamine causes a reaction change with enzyme activity. An enzyme is a protein produced by a living organism that serves as a biological catalyst. A

  • Investigation of How the Concentration of Catalase Enzyme Affects the Rate of Reaction

    1136 Words  | 3 Pages

    Investigation of How the Concentration of Catalase Enzyme Affects the Rate of Reaction Aim: To find out how the concentration of Catalase Enzyme will affect the enzyme activity and the rate of reaction towards Hydrogen Peroxide. (H O ) Prediction: I predict that with the higher concentration of enzyme, the likelihood of it breaking down molecules will be greater because there will be more enzymes to work at the substrate and the chances of it colliding will be higher making the activity

  • The Effect of Changing the Concentration of the Enzyme Catalyst on the Rate of Reaction on Hydrogen Peroxide

    1965 Words  | 4 Pages

    Concentration of the Enzyme Catalyst on the Rate of Reaction on Hydrogen Peroxide Planning -------- Hydrogen Peroxide Water + Oxygen 2H2O2 2H2O + O2 Introduction - Background Information ------------------------------------- To help me understand what a chemical reaction is or involves I did some research. A chemical reaction is a process by which atoms or groups of atoms are redistributed, resulting in a change in the molecular composition of substances. Enzymes are a biological

  • Enzymes Essay

    2634 Words  | 6 Pages

    What are enzymes? Enzymes are generated by a living organism that behaves as a catalyst to carry out a clear biochemical reaction. Enzymes increases the rate of chemical reactions by lowering the free energy barrier that separates the reactants and products.Enzymes are the tools of nature and they help in breaking down our food. They speed up all necessary biological activities. The enzymes in the stomach, as an example make certain that food is break down into smaller fleck that can be transformed

  • Catalase Reaction Essay

    1322 Words  | 3 Pages

    concentration of pH buffer) of catalysed reactions by measuring the volume of oxygen produced as the reaction proceeded. Enzymes are biological catalysts - catalysts are substances that increase the rate of chemical reactions without being altered itself. Enzymes are also proteins that fold into complex shapes that allow smaller molecules to fit into them. The place where these substrate molecules fit is called the active site. The active site is the region of an enzyme where substrate molecules bind and

  • Research Paper On Enzymes

    1062 Words  | 3 Pages

    Discussion The structure of an enzyme is a globular protein made up of amino acid and polymers which are linked together known as polypeptide bonds. Enzyme molecules are arched into a three dimensional shape, the outside of the molecule have hydrophillic R groups (side chains) ensuring they are soluble. As enzymes are proteins they can be damaged at high temperatures, this is known as denaturing. There are many enzymes in the body which catalyses or speeds up chemical reaction in cells that would otherwise

  • The Effect of Temperature on the Action of Protease on Photographic Film

    1955 Words  | 4 Pages

    Aim: to show the effect of temperature on the action of protease on photographic film Prediction: I predict that as the temperature of the enzyme increases, so will the rate of reaction. However, I only predict this until a certain temperature and beyond perhaps 60(optimum temperature) the enzyme will stop working as well and both the enzyme and the substrate will become slightly deformed. As the temperature rises, molecules move much faster and as a result have more energy. This means

  • The Importance Of Enzymes

    1073 Words  | 3 Pages

    Enzymes are protein molecules that are made by organisms to catalyze reactions. Typically, enzymes speeds up the rate of the reaction within cells. Enzymes are primarily important to living organisms because it helps with metabolism and the digestive system. For example, enzymes can break larger molecules into smaller molecules to help the body absorb the smaller pieces faster. In addition, some enzyme molecules bind molecules together. However, the initial purpose of the enzyme is to speed up reactions

  • Effect of Lead Ions On Bacterial and Fungal Amylase

    1560 Words  | 4 Pages

    Lead Ions On Bacterial and Fungal Amylase Amylases are enzymes, which hydrolyse starch into Maltose. There are two types of amylase: Alpha amylase that degrades starch, which is a polysaccharide, into fragments 10 glucose residues long. Beta Amylase breaks these down into maltose, which is a disaccharide of two glucose molecules joined together. Both enzymes work by hydrolysis of the glycosidic link in carbohydrates. Enzyme amylase are produced from different sources but in my experiment

  • The Effect of pH on the Activity of the Enzyme Amylase

    1088 Words  | 3 Pages

    Activity of the Enzyme Amylase Aim :- To find the effect of pH on the activity of the enzyme amylase. An enzyme is a type of protein found in all living cells. Enzymes act as biological catalysts, breaking down substrates without needing a high temperature, allowing all the chemical reactions of metabolism to take place, regulating the speed at which they progress, lowering the activation energy and providing a means of controlling individual biochemical pathways. Enzymes owe their activity

  • Catalase Activity Essay

    1747 Words  | 4 Pages

    and sequences, producing differing protein structures and functions. An enzyme is a specialized protein that participates in chemical reactions where they serve as catalysts to speed up said reactions, or reduce the energy of activation, noted as Ea (Mader & Windelspecht). The way an enzyme decreases the energy needed is through

  • Investigating The Effect of Temperature on the Structure of an Enzyme

    1316 Words  | 3 Pages

    Investigating The Effect of Temperature on the Structure of an Enzyme Introduction: For my GCSE Biology assessment I will be investigating the enzyme amylase with the substrate starch. This reaction, which I am going to investigate, is called the protein test for starch. Aim: My intention for this observation is to examine how the enzyme catalyses are affected by changes in temperature. Safety Precautions: In this investigation I am going to make sure that everything is as

  • Lab: Enzymes – Protein Catalysts

    870 Words  | 2 Pages

    Lab: Enzymes – Protein Catalysts Abstract: Enzymes are catalysts therefore we can state that they work to start a reaction or speed it up. The chemical transformed due to the enzyme (catalase) is known as the substrate. In this lab the chemical used was hydrogen peroxide because it can be broken down by catalase. The substrate in this lab would be hydrogen peroxide and the enzymes used will be catalase which is found in both potatoes and liver. This substrate will fill the active sites on the

  • Determining Vmax and Km of Alkaline Phosphatase

    2427 Words  | 5 Pages

    Phosphatase function. 1.2. Theory and principles Enzymes are the most efficient catalysts known. (1) Enzymes are biomolecules that catalyze chemical reactions by decreasing the Activation Energy (the minimum energy required in a chemical system in order for a chemical reaction to take place), which in turn increases the rate of the chemical reaction. The catalyst itself does not change or is not consumed in the reactions they catalyze. Enzymatic reactions consist of substrates and products. According

  • Enzymes In The Human Body

    558 Words  | 2 Pages

    digestion is the mechanical process of breaking down food particles into smaller pieces. Chemical digestion is the secretion of enzymes and chemicals that break down the food even further into their individual molecules. Some common enzymes in the human body are amylase, pepsin and lipase. Enzymes are catalysts that speed up reactions but aren’t reactants themselves. Different enzymes also react on different substrates, for example, amylase reacts on carboh...