In the postwar years, the NAACP's legal strategy for civil rights continued to succeed. Led by Thurgood Marshall, the NAACP Legal Defense Fund challenged and overturned many forms of discrimination, but their main thrust was equal educational opportunities. For example, in Sweat v. Painter (1950), the Supreme Court decided that the University of Texas had to integrate its law school. Marshall and the Defense Fund worked with Southern plaintiffs to challenge the Plessy doctrine directly, arguing in
sit-ins across the country today. The reason for these sit-ins is people fighting for civil rights. Civil Rights is the nonpolitical rights of a citizen. Blacks are becoming the subjects of violence, their self-esteem is lowered, making them feel inferior and most importantly they are denied their freedom of choice. Many actions have been taken to try and resolve the problem, that blacks are being denied their civil rights. First, one part of the problem is that blacks are becoming the subjects of violence
a decision made by the couple and no one else. Many other countries practice arranged marriage, which couples are forced by their family to marry. In America, we are blessed with the freedom to choose who we marry. You may think that you have that right, but you actually do not! Same sex couples, who decide to stay in a committed relationship, want to express their commitment in the same way that heterosexual couples are able to express their love. In recent months, the battle over same sex marriage
During the Civil Rights Era in the United States, groups and individuals worked together to bring an end to racial segregation and unequal treatment of minorities. This imbalance in power only fueled blacks - as well as other minorities - to fight back and obtain the freedoms that they were entitled to. Questions can always arise from progress -- why hasn’t the federal government further protected the right of women? Should illegal immigrants be given the same protection that US citizens are? Is
Civil Rights and Civil Wrongs in To Kill a Mockingbird In Harper Lee's novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, the author uses the small town of Maycomb, Alabama as a forum for different views on civil rights. On a smaller scale, Lee uses the relationship between Scout, her aunt, her father, and her housekeeper, to show how racism affects everything. The question of civil rights plays out not only through the trial of Tom Robinson, but also through the everyday interaction between the Finch family and their
This never-ending battle between the blacks and the whites has tormented the U.S. for years and still goes on in some areas. During the 1950’s –1960’s the civil rights movement was at its peek. This was when the African-Americans were growing impatient and could not wait a minute longer before they had their constitutional and God given rights. Many peaceful marches, sit-ins, and boycotts were usually always greeted at the end with police, attack dogs, firemen, and ambulances. African- Americans
Civil Rights Movement Why did Martin Luther King have a dream? Civil Rights Movement was a turning point in American History. Civil Rights Movement took place, early in 1950s through 1960s.There were a lot of different leaders who stood up and tried to change and fight against the government system. Martin Luther King Jr. was one of the famous leaders who were against majority of the population and the government to receive equality. King wanted African Americans to get treated fairly. The purpose
Civil rights are the rights guaranteed to the citizens of the specified location. When looking back at our history our civil rights have changed our life forever. Our civil rights were first introduced in 1787 as our Constitution. The Constitution states that any citizen is guaranteed the right to freedom of speech, of religion, and of press, and the rights to due process of law and to equal protection under the law. Civil Rights Acts and Movements helped define all of the civil rights but mainly
In the United States, the protest has always been an important tool of democracy, a way for the minority to let itself be heard. Take the Civil Rights movement. Today's race relations are better than they were fifty years ago because a relatively small group of people convinced enough of the country that racism was a disease that would kill everything that made America special. These people were following in the footsteps of an earlier generation. Long before Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm
In 1924 a young Jewish man named Abe Saperstein was chosen to coach an African American semi pro basketball team called the Giles Post American Legion Quintet. Little did he know that with this position he would eventually revolutionize the game of basketball and help to initiate integration throughout the country, while establishing himself as an unknown and unconventional hero. Saperstein was a masterful promoter and businessman who would build the most well known sports franchise in history
The mid-twentieth century witnessed a bitter fight for justice and equality between African Americans and their former white masters. The Civil War (1861-1865) had finally ended slavery but it would take years before the deep-rooted racism in American society would be rooted out. Discrimination against blacks persisted well into the 1950s and 60s; many reactionary whites were unhappy that their erstwhile slaves were pushing for equal laws, voting rights and some were even running for public office.
To ensure the marginalization of blacks and promote segregation of the two races, the South established Jim Crow laws that sought to reverse the vast strides towards racial equality made since the Civil War. The Jim Crow laws enforced segregation in public facilities, schools, restaurants and any area where blacks and whites could possibly congregate; they also made it extremely difficult for blacks to exercise their voting rights, get an education or buy a house. Interracial marriages were illegal.
By this time, however, blacks had had enough of the discrimination and hostility and decided to fight for equal rights. Undeterred by violence, harassment and hostility, they mobilized under the leadership of prominent Civil Rights leaders such as Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr and fought relentlessly for justice. They adopted largely peaceful means of expressing protest, but the movement had its share of proponents of violence. They were rewarded with the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Fair Housing Act of 1968. These laws ended segregation and discriminatory housing and employment practices and allowed blacks to freely exercise their voting rights. The Civil Rights movement empowered blacks and ensured that they were finally on a level playing field with whites.
The following is a comprehensive list of essays and academic papers that cover different aspects of the Civil Rights movement.