Catalysis Essays

  • Use of Nickel Catalysis

    1209 Words  | 3 Pages

    catalytic processes worldwide in 2005 [cite – wiki11]. The close affiliation of the catalysts and the process of catalysis to a variety of industries and the proximity of these industries with consumers raise questions regarding the application of catalysts and their effects on products. The economic benefits of catalysts become obvious when theoretical implications of the catalysis process are understood. Manufacturing of chemical products require some kind of reaction between two reactants. The

  • Lab Report on Measuring the Rate of Conversion of Hydrogen Peroxide using Enzyme Catalysis

    678 Words  | 2 Pages

    Lab Report on Measuring the Rate of Conversion of Hydrogen Peroxide using Enzyme Catalysis In essence, the main objective was to use chemical titration to measure and then calculate the rate of conversion of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to water and oxygen by using the enzyme catalase. Other purposes of the lab were; to measure the effects of changes of temperature, pH, enzymes concentration, and substrate concentration on rates of an enzyme. The lab was also an opportunity to see a catalyzed reaction

  • The Role Catalysts In Chemical Reactions, Their Importance In Industry

    1029 Words  | 3 Pages

    catalyst remains unchanged at the end of the reaction. The process is called catalysis. In this report I aim going to explain the role of catalysts in chemical reactions and their importance in industry. I will also outline the problems associated with the use of some catalysts and discuss, using appropriate examples, new developments in this area which will help reduce damage to the environment. The process of catalysis is essential to the modern day manufacturing industry. Ninety per cent, over

  • Chymotrypsin Reaction Lab Report

    1847 Words  | 4 Pages

    increase the rate of the reaction; therefore, it is essential to understand how enzymes function. Chymotrypsin, a serine protease, consists of a catalytic triad that achieves increasing the rate of reaction through the use of acid and base, covalent catalysis, and exploitation of binding interactions in its catalytic mechanism. It has a tendency to cleave peptide bonds adjacent to aromatic amino acids. In this experiment, we use p-nitrophenyl acetate (NPA) as the substrate that undergoes cleaving to yield

  • Dihydrofolate Reductase Lab Report

    1624 Words  | 4 Pages

    reductase”, which has an integral role in an essential metabolic pathway. Spanning across thousands of organisms, this particular enzyme is utilized for the recycling of dihydrofolate (figure 1), a useful byproduct generated from thymidylate synthase catalysis. Figure 1: Structure of dihydrofolate (DHF) Superficially, dihydrofolate Reductase (which I will abbreviate DHFR for the remainder of this paper) catalyzes the reduction of dihydrofolate to 5,10-methylene tetrahydrofolate (figure 2) using NADPH

  • Importance Of Chemical Kinetics

    803 Words  | 2 Pages

    fast reactions occur.1 Three factors that affect chemical kinetics are concentration, temperature, and catalysis. As the concentration of a substance increases, the rate of the reaction also increases.1 This relationship is valid because when more of a substance is added in a reaction, it increases the likelihood that the

  • Enzyme Lab Report Essay

    629 Words  | 2 Pages

    speed up chemical reactions. This process starts with with a substrate that is a molecule the enzyme is ,going to work on. The Substrate hooks onto the enzyme at the active site which is shaped specifically to a certain substrate shape. The process catalysis happens where the substrate is changed and when it breaks off the changes substrate becomes the product. In the end though, enzymes do not always work, they have certain ranges. Four things that can affect the enzyme reaction rate are temperature

  • Competency 208: Carbohydrate Metabolism

    1084 Words  | 3 Pages

    Competency 208.5.4: Enzymology and Catalytic Mechanism Competency 208.5.5: Carbohydrate Metabolism, Adenosine Hadassah Backman, RN Western Governor’s University Enzymes, are macromolecules which serve as catalysts. Catalysts are a chemical that can increase the rate of a chemical reaction or slow it down, without being changed by the reaction itself. The enzyme as a catalyst promotes the activity of the reactant which subsequently produces the product. Enzymes have

  • Catechol Oxidase Lab

    694 Words  | 2 Pages

    enzymes, they perform better. Enzymes work better due to the fact that they can bind to the change state better than the substrate. As this happens it can lower the beginning energy triggering the speed of a reaction to quicken. Catalysis is very crucial. Catalysis makes chemical reactions occur quicker than they would without any assistant.

  • The Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution

    1321 Words  | 3 Pages

    the reaction. According to (Ltd., 2014)Occurrence of chemical reaction requires collision of particles which ha... ... middle of paper ... ...ontentid=1779 [Accessed 3 April 2014]. Clark, J., 2002. TYPES OF CATALYSIS. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 3 April 2014]. Ltd., T. S. R. G., 2014. Revision:Collision theory. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 31 March 2014]. Matthey

  • Alkaline Phosphatase Lab Report

    1662 Words  | 4 Pages

    The Kinetic Constants of Alkaline Phosphatase were Determined from E. coli K-12 Cells Abstract Alkaline Phosphatase (APase) is an important enzyme in pre-diagnostic treatments making it an intensely studied enzyme. In order to fully understand the biochemical properties of enzymes, a kinetic explanation is essential. The kinetic assessment allows for a mechanism on how the enzyme functions. The experiment performed outlines the kinetic assessment for the purification of APase, which was purified

  • Chemical Reactions in Healthcare: Biochemical, Pharmaceutical, and Diagnostic

    908 Words  | 2 Pages

    is divide into two important class, they are heterogeneous and homogeneous. The heterogeneous reactions are in a difference phase from reactants, while the homogenous reaction stays in the same phase as the reactants. Choose a catalyst that exists in the human body. Explain its importance and how it works. Enzymes is a catalyst that exists in the human body, because it makes up most metabolic reactions that go at the rates necessary for proper

  • Importance Of Coordination Compounds

    1068 Words  | 3 Pages

    coordination compounds, these uses relies on each compounds ability to dissolve selectively or to bind metal ions or to remove ions from solution. According to Mickey (1981) coordination compounds play important roles in homogenous and heterogeneous catalysis, water purification, analytical chemistry, solvent extraction, photography, metallurgy and electrochemistry. Coordination compounds can be found in nature, and are very vital to living organisms. These compounds occur as enzymes and are called metalloenzymes

  • Essay On The Effect Of Ph On Catalase

    777 Words  | 2 Pages

    The activity of an enzyme might be influenced by several factors such as temperature and pH. Each enzyme usually has a given optimal pH needed for its functioning. Within that particular pH value, the enzyme can perform a chemical reaction at the highest possible rate. An increase or decrease in pH from the optimal value usually result in decrease in the enzyme’s activity (Harkness & Cockburn, 2012). Objective The lab experiment aimed at investigating the effect of acid or pH on the activity of

  • Investigating the Activity of an Enzyme

    643 Words  | 2 Pages

    60 0.61 Absorbance in nm* 0.248 0.333 0.611 0.675 0.85 1.126 1.176 1.226 (Green filter No. 604) Please see graph. Discussion The graph shows at room temperature and under neutral pH, the enzyme intervase catalysis the splitting of sucrose into fructose and glucose, the products. It also shows the higher the concentration the greater number of molecules will react with each other. The amount of sucrose and enzyme govern the time for the reactions to take

  • Enzyme Lab Report

    536 Words  | 2 Pages

    is one of the factors that affect the enzymes. Changes in pH not only affect the shape of an enzyme, but it also charges properties of substrate, which will eventually block the bind of the substrate with the active site and prevent it to undergo catalysis (Boumis 2012). On April, 6th 2016, ¬ the students of Biology 135 conducted an experiment on “[Laboratory 6] Cell Biology – Enzyme Activity,” to understand how enzyme works when various environmental factors affect the rate of its reactions.

  • Michaelis-Menten Synthesis

    551 Words  | 2 Pages

    An enzyme can be defined as a protein that acts as a catalyst in a biological system. It increases the rate of reaction by decreasing the activation energy. The catalytic power and specificity of an enzyme can be altered by the binding of certain molecules. These molecules are referred to as inhibitors. An inhibitor works to prevent the formation, or to cause the breakdown of an enzyme-substrate compound. There are two categories of inhibitors. The first being irreversible inhibitors, and the second

  • Lactase Enzyme Analysis

    699 Words  | 2 Pages

    The enzyme is a protein that acts as a catalyst, lowering the activation energy needed for reactions to progress in cells. The reaction can still occur without the presence of the enzyme, but at a much slower rate. Activation energy is considered the minimum amount of energy needed for a chemical reaction to occur, yielding products from a given set of reactants. The shape of enzymes determines its function and which substrate the enzyme binds to and catalyzes is determined by the shape of its binding

  • Catalysts and Chemical Reaction

    830 Words  | 2 Pages

    substances used to increase or decrease the rate of a chemical reaction. A catalyst is a substance which alters the rate of a chemical reaction but is chemically unchanged at the end of the reaction.The word catalysts originally comes from the word Catalysis meaning the change in rate of a chemical reaction. Catalysts unlike other substances, may participate in many chemical transformations but never consumed by the reaction itself. This means that, when a catalyst is added to two substances to increase

  • Essay On Enzymes

    791 Words  | 2 Pages

    substantial effect on the enzymes shape, but it could potentially deform the shape and properties of the substrate molecule. Such result can consequently cause an impact on the substrate, so it cannot bind with the active site or undergo stages of catalysis. The optimum level is not the same for each type