To What Extent did the Great Depression Help the National Socialists Rise to Power?

To What Extent did the Great Depression Help the National Socialists Rise to Power?

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A.) Plan of the Investigation

This investigation evaluates to what extent did the German Depression help the National Socialists rise to power. To assess the extent to which the German depression led to the Nazi party gaining control of Germany, the investigation focuses on the effects the depression had on Germany and the events leading to the Nationalist Socialist party gaining control. The details regarding the origins of the National Socialist party are not addressed in this investigation.

The two sources selected for research, The Great Depression in Europe by Patricia Clavin and A Concise History of the Third Reich by Benz Wolfgang are used for their origins, purposes, limitations and values.

B.) Summary of Evidence

The destruction of labor, land and capital during the war caused European products to be less competitive in world markets and made Europe dependent on capital flows from the United States. (Clavin 19) The unproductive deployment of these inflows, most notably in Germany, resulted in the debt crisis that began to boil already in 1927. (Clavin 20) Both the political and social changes were equally important. First of all it must be noted that the peace treaties failed to put forth any international economic cooperation among nations. Germany was forced into accepting all of the blame for starting the war. What made matters worse, however, was that because Germany was forced to accept all of the blame for the war, it was also made to pay for all the damage caused by it. The German economy was already in ruin. Many of its people already had very limited food. The reparations payments would cripple them. (Benz 17)
In order to solve the money problem the government started printing more banknotes. Due ...

... middle of paper ...

...Versailles which lowered the rights of Germany were to blame as well. However it is undeniable that the Depression had contributed to the rising of the Nazi party. If it wasn’t for the terrible situation that Germany was facing both economically and politically since 1929, the Nationalist Socialists wouldn’t have had such a high chance of gaining power.

Works Cited

Benz, Wolfgang. Concise history of the Third Reich. Berkeley, University of California. 2006.

Clavin, Patricia. The Great Depression in Europe. New York, Palgrave Macmillan. 2000.

Henig, Ruth.B. Weimar Republic, 1919-1933. London, Routledge. 1998.

Noakes, Jeremy. Nazism 1919-1945 Volume 1: The Rise to Power 1919-1934. U.K, Exeter. 1998.

Shirer, William. The Rise And Fall of the Third Reich. London, Simon & Schuster. 1990.

Williamson, D.G. Third Reich. London, Longman. 2002.

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