The Holocaust began with a single man. A man who was deranged, yet had a passion for art and reading. A killer who was undeniably smart and was able to create brilliant plans. An individual who fought in a war for Germany but was responsible for the mass murder of millions of people who lived within its boundaries. His name was Adolph Hitler.
Germany’s aggressive foreign policy, from 1933 to 1945, was imposed to accomplish Hitler’s desires of dominating Europe. The policy made seemingly reasonable demands but threatened war if denied. This lead to the appeasement of Britain and France, whom were both suffering from the devastation caused by The Great Depression. (John)The rearmament of Germany was essential for Hitler’s goals, and was accomplished with Germany’s aggressive policies. After France claimed that she would not disarm if there was no guarantee of protection from the United States and Britain, Germany, whom agreed to disarm, withdrew from the Geneva Disarmament conference. By 1935, Germany rearmed through conscription and the establishment of munitions ...
In the late 1930s complaisant European nations were lulled into the jaws of the very dangerous “victim/slave mentality.” Weak democracies tried placating and accommodating the tyrannical proponents of the Communist, Socialist and Fascist ideologies and Europe soon found itself in jeopardy with maniacs like Stalin, Hitler and Mussolini threatening the existence of taken-for-granted freedom and human rights. Thanks to the intervention of the United States Hitler and Mussolini were defeated (despite incredible adversity) and Europe was salvaged from the scourge of Fascism. But Nazi Fascism did not go away meekly. Its defeat required intensive struggle, sacrifice and perseverance with over 50 million military and civilian deaths occurring during the widespread devastation.
Most people in the world only think of one thing when the name Adolf Hitler is said. They think of the horrific thing he did to the non-Aryan population. Although these actions are terrible and unforgiveable, Hitler was not always that sort of person. He started his life in a much different way and was actually an extremely intelligent individual. He was innovative and brilliant, and had originally moved to Vienna to become an artist, but his intentions shifted into something much more sinister over time. Through an exploration of his life, it is easy to see that there is much more to Hitler then just the Holocaust.
Adolf Hitler’s rise to power as the chancellor of Germany is one of history’s great political success stories. He was known to be an uneducated common soldier in World War I, who had been a failure in all in his undertakings. He eventually rose to power in 1933, in a country that was devastated both socially and politically. Within five years, he had given his nation stability and hope. They started to hail him as the leader and savior because he eradicated unemployment, stabilized the currency, provided social legislation, and reformed the military. He also built magnificent freeways and promised automobiles to every laboring man. If Hitler had died before World War II, he may well have been remembered as the greatest and one of the most outstanding leaders in German history. However, later on his political career, he ordered and also committed atrocities like the order for the extermination Jews and the elimination of every potential enemy in the occupied Eastern territories. He was fully aware of mass executions of Jewish civilians in these territories that make him one of the most monstrous leaders in world history. A look at his benevolent work at the beginning of his political career and his malevolence at the peak and towards the end of his life lead us to view him in two perspectives; thus he seemed to be once a mentally ill person and a brilliant political leader. I refuse to see him from just one perspective since he was human and he had evil in him. In the book, Psychopathic God by Robert Waite, a leading German Biographer, A. J. P. Taylor has come to the conclusion that Hitler was “a neurotic character who was imprisoned by an overpowering neurotic psychosis” (Waite xvi).
German foreign policy during the Third Reich is a great source of great debate. Many historians agree that Hitler did make the big decisions of foreign policy after 1933. However, the disagreement occurs when discussing the extent which the foreign policy was derived from Hitler’s own “ideological pre-possessions and programme” (356). According to the structuralists, the foreign policy emphasized expansion and contained unclear and unspecific aims. This was due to the “uncontrollable dynamism and radicalizing momentum of the Nazi movement and governmental system” (353). Hitler’s foreign policy stressed his image and ideological fixations, not his direct intervention and initiative. Hitler is seen as an opportunist who makes spur-of-the-moment decisions, rather than a man with a concrete plan (354).
In the year 1929 their was a large depression in the country of Germany. This depression was made up of power struggle and economic distress. The people of Germany no longer trusted the democratic government that they once knew. This allowed Adolf Hitler, the great speaker that he was, to persuade the German people to bring him and his Nazi party into power. Adolf Hitler approached the German people speaking of nationalism which was very much needed after World War I. Not only did he need the...
As a result of Germany’s strong leaders, the country was able to take the world by storm and make it to the top. In 1938, TIME Magazine named Adolf Hitler their Man of the Year, declaring that “Herr Hitler reaped on that day at Munich the harvest of an audacious, defiant, ruthless foreign policy he had pursued for five and a half years.” It is to be understood by TIME’s perspective that Hitler was on top of the world; practically unstoppable. His unique foreign policy pushed the reversal of the Treaty of Versailles, the unity of everyone who spoke German, and the reinstatement of all lost German territories. As a result of Adolf Hitler acting upon his policy, “he had torn the Treaty of Versailles to shreds. He had rearmed Germany to the teeth— or as close to the teeth as he was able. He had stolen Austria before the eyes of a horrified and apparently impotent world” (TIME). Hitler had completely achieved the goals of his foreign policy. In addition, h...
From the time Hitler and the Nazi’s took control of Germany in 1933 until the collapse of the Third Reich in 1945, the aim of the regime under the calculating guidance of Hitler himself sought no less than global conquest. This ambitious objective can be further dissected into short term and long term goals that provide insight into Hitler’s character, thoughts and actions.
A.J.P. Taylor believes that Hitler did not plan or desire for a world war to occur. Many historians have judged Hitler’s intentions when preparing his military as deliberate proof of his strategizing for an expansive war. The justification for Hitler's military plans according to Taylor, was that he viewed other countries as a threat to him and the restoration of Germany. As a result, both sides believed the other was preparing aggressively against them. Germany, Britain, and many other countries directed their generals to prepare for war. Taylor uses this to prove that Hitler’s preparation was not peculiar, or specific to only Germany; everyone during that time was preparing for a possible war.
Examinations of Hitler's role in the formulation of Nazi foreign policy and his goals of that foreign policy leads to questions of the limits of his goal of Lebensraum. This introduces the debate between 'globalists' and 'continentalists'. Expanding on Trevor-Roper's emphasis on Hitler's goals of Lebensraum, historian Gunter Moltmann argued that Hitler's aims were not confined to Europe but at world domination. Andreas Hillgruber expands on this idea with his concept of a three-stage plan he calls the Stufenplan as the basis for Nazi foreign policy. This plan involved Germany gaining mastery over Europe, followed by the Middle East and British colonial territory, and later the USA and with that the entire world.
In the year of 1933 Adolf Hitler seized the position of chancellor of Germany and this power that he received in January 30th is what shaped one of the most bloodlust dictatorships that this world has ever known. Hitler’s desire for power and victory made him one of the greatest leaders the world has ever seen but it also made him one of the most cruel and heartless people known to mankind. But how did he do this, how did he become one of the greatest and cruellest dictators? Throughout this essay we will explore the long, short and immediate causes for Hitler’s sudden success.