Although the theory of empowerment is one model some theorist works focus extensively on different requirements of the model one of them being German theorist Herbert Marcuse. Marcuse’s concepts of Reason, Freedom, and Happiness constitute the normative goal of theory of empowerment. Marcuse discusses how the sphere of technology should be allowing people to have more free time for pleasure since less labor is needed to produce society’s fundamental needs sine technology has advanced so drastically. Meaning that basic repression, or the minimum level of labor needed to produce the required societal needs should be dramatically less than the labor required one hundred, fifty, or even twenty years ago. Despite ...
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...vements. Through his works Gramsci examines the sociological basis of oppression and unequal relations of power and ultimately develops a strategy for building the necessary political formations and strategies to transform the systems which allow and even encourage oppression through the hegemonic systems. Gramsci discusses how those seeking to transform politics or society must understand the basis of power if they wish to maintain it.
Marcuse, Freire, and Gramsci each had their own separate theories for the transformational change of politics and society.. Using their works we are able to see concrete examples of the three parts that create the theory of empowerment. These men each created their own theories based on their own experiences and understanding of society. Despite their different theories each one understands the importance of culture and consciousness
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