Piaget was the first psychologist to make a systematic study of cognitive development when his employment led him to become interested in the way children think. Before his research, the common misconception was that children didn’t have the same capacity as adults to think. Piaget’s studies showed that children think entirely differently compared to adults and that their mental processes only develop through maturation and interaction with the environment. A key component to Piaget’s theory is schema, often referred to as the building blocks of knowledge. Piaget (1952) defined a schema as 'a cohesive, repeatable action sequence possessing component actions that are tightly interconnected and governed by a core meaning ' (Mcleod., 2015).He theorised that children are born with basic, innate sch...
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...ren, their Growth and Development ' - is based firmly in Piagetian theory. It also emphasises children having their own individual needs which is applied in the classroom today.
Lev Vygotsky started developing his theories around the same time as Jean Piaget although, unlike Piaget, Vygotsky theorised that cognitive development was based on sociocultural factors and that no single principle could account for a child’s development (Piaget’s equilibration). Vygotsky argued that "learning is a necessary and universal aspect of the process of developing culturally organized, specifically human psychological function" (1978, p. 90). As well as the social and cultural factors Vygotsky also emphasised the importance of language; language drives development as opposed to Piaget’s development drives language. Another key point of Vygotsky’s theory is the importance of the MKO
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