In 1987 the World Commission on Environment and Development conceptualised the idea of a sustainable society as one that “meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (cited in Meadows et al. 2004, p. 254). Herman Daly thus contends that in determining the sustainability of an economy’s economic output the following criteria must be meet, “its rates of use of renewable resources do not exceed their rates of regeneration, its rates of use of non-renewable resources do not exceed the rate at which sustainable renewable substitutes are developed and its rates of pollution emission do not exceed the assimilative capacity of the envi...
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...hington, DC, 2010, chp. 2.
United Nations Development Programme, 2006, Human Development Report 2006, New York, UNDP, pp. 263-273.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), 2010, UN Climate Change Conference in Cancún delivers balanced package of decisions, restores faith in multilateral process, United Nations, Bonn, Germany, 2010, pp. 1-2.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), 2011, The least developed countries – Reducing vulnerability to climate change, climate variability and extremes, land degradation and loss of biodiversity: Environmental and developmental challenges and opportunities, United Nations, Bonn, Germany, 2011, pp. 1-15.
World Wildlife Fund (WWF), 2010, Living planet report 2010 – Biodiversity, biocapacity and development’, WWF, Switzerland, 2010, pp. 1-9, 34 & 85-86.
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