Essay about South Sudan: A Developing Opportunity

Essay about South Sudan: A Developing Opportunity

Length: 1943 words (5.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Sudan has known conflict for most of its existence. The discovery of oil in 1979 served to heighten this conflict as north and south fought over valuable resources. In more recent years human rights violations and genocide have occurred in unsurpassed numbers with the Sudanese governments support. Sudanese President Umar al-Bashir is the first sitting head of state with an issued arrest warrant by the International Criminal Court for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. In July 2011 southern Sudanese citizens voted to secede from Sudan and form the Republic of South Sudan in response to years of oppression by the Arab led Islamist government. South Sudan is now the worlds newest country and free to determine its own path forward. What part will the United States play in South Sudan development? Will China continue to be the major influence in this region? The United States now has a rare opportunity to insert itself into the region and a chance to help create stability for the war torn region.
Sudan has been at war with itself since 1955 when the Arab-led Khartoum government reneged on promises to southerners to create a federal system which would allow them to influence and partake in the country’s government. According to Bureau of African Affairs (2012), “since independence, protracted conflict rooted in deep cultural and religious differences have slowed Sudan’s economic and political development and forced massive internal displacement of its people.” Northerners in Sudan have traditionally led the country and have sought to unify it under Arabism and Islam. Southerners, non-Muslims, and other marginalized peoples from the west and east have opposed this. In 1979 the Chevron Corporation discovered oil in the s...

... middle of paper ...

...ieved from
Bureau of African Affairs, (2012, January 12) Sudan, U.S. Department of State, Retrieved from
European Coalition on Oil in Sudan. (2012, March 8). Musevani proposes South Sudan pipeline through Uganda. Retrieved from
Ferrie, J. (2012, February 22). South Sudan orders head of pipeline company to leave country. Retrieved from

Ghosh, P. (2012, March 16). Sudan: Future Oil Exporting Powerhouse?, International Business Times, Retrieved from

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

A Brief History of Sudan and South Sudan Essay

- South Sudanese independence thus far has been quite detrimental than beneficial to the people of South Sudan. On July 9, 2011, the 54th African state was born. Independence was fought to fight challenges that, as part of Sudan it endured for 56 years; however its current state has brought about challenges from within . This essay will discuss a brief history of Sudan and South Sudan and then analyse President Salva kiir’s speech in contrast to Former Nelson Mandelas’. In 1956 Sudan gained independence from the ruling of Britain, since the two civil wars have been experienced....   [tags: independence, garang, salva kiirs]

Term Papers
1212 words (3.5 pages)

Conflict in South Sudan Essays

- ... The issue of worsening poverty, rampant famine, and the depletion of resources in Southern Sudan also negatively affects the promotion of peace and stability in the region. Over 98% of the nation’s wealth is made from oil, and while oil production is at a near standstill , the remaining income is mostly allocated to the military. Paulat further writes that “On the 4th of April, the UNHCR and WHP estimated that 230 million US dollars were needed in the next 60 days to keep the situation in South Sudan from turning into one of the worst food crises in recent memory.” With a population of over eight million, food scarcity on a high scale could be utterly devastating to the region....   [tags: AFRICOM, US intervention]

Term Papers
1792 words (5.1 pages)

Essay on South Sudan: On the Brink of Collapse

- ... Peace did not last. North Sudan again asserted itself and called for Islamic Shariah law to be enforced. This coincided with the discovery of oil in South Sudan in the late 1970s (Sarwar 172). Civil war again erupted and the rebel group Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) was formed to take on the North. After continued battles, the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) of 2005 created a political path for the south to determine their future independence (Zambakari 516). In January 2011, as part of the CPA, there was a call for a referendum to determine if the south would remain part of Sudan or become an independent country....   [tags: socioeconomic and political analysis]

Term Papers
1532 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on South Sudan at Risk of Genocide

- Genocide in the world is very much alive and continues to happen; it is estimated that since the year 1900, more than 170 million lives have been lost. If you were to think of that in size, it would be equal to the entire population of Nigeria, gone, wiped out of existence. After the holocaust of World War II, additional steps were taken to ensure history didn’t repeat itself. The Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide was held in 1948, conducted by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) it concluded that, “genocide is a crime under international law, contrary to the spirit and aims of the United Nations (UN) and condemned by the civilian world” (Schabas, n...   [tags: international politics, ethnic cleansing]

Term Papers
1454 words (4.2 pages)

South Sudan: A Struggle Within Essays

- South Sudan: A Struggle Within The newest country in the world is South Sudan, which gained its independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, as a result of a referendum that passed with 98.83% of the vote. South Sudan is one of the poorest countries in Africa, although it has the third largest oil reserves in Sub-Saharan Africa. Though it is currently a sovereign state, South Sudan still faces issues that can disrupt its stability and eventually lead into the new nation’s first civil war. The rise of this conflict can be traced back to European colonialism....   [tags: conflict, civil war, independence]

Term Papers
904 words (2.6 pages)

Essay about Political Tension and Friction in South Sudan

- The newly political tensions are reflected on a direct harm to the South Sudanese general population of South Sudan. The people of South Sudan had suffered the repercussions from these frictions almost instantly causing the death of and rough estimate thousand of South Sudanese and massive migration of their people to seek safety within few of the surrounding countries. The instability affected not only South Sudanese’s people also over 380 United States citizens and 300 other foreign national were force evacuate the country seeking for their safety, during the evacuation operation a total of four United States service member resulted wounded, at the moment just a minimal critical United Sta...   [tags: death, migration, conflicts]

Term Papers
546 words (1.6 pages)

Essay on How Destabilization of South Sudan Would Effect U.S. Foreign Policy

- How Destabilization of South Sudan Would Effect U.S. Foreign Policy In 2011, after nearly 50 years of conflict, citizens of the southern half of Sudan voted to secede and form their own country. On 9 July 2011, South Sudan was created amidst the uphill battle of legitimacy, governance, and economic stability in an already volatile region. Widespread poverty and an underdeveloped infrastructure plague the chances of South Sudan’s success. As the newest member of the United Nations, South Sudan receives military assistance from 55 countries and police assistance from 39 countries (UN, 2014)....   [tags: international relations, economics, politics]

Term Papers
1379 words (3.9 pages)

British Imperialism and the Crisis in the Sudan Essay

- British Imperialism and the Crisis in the Sudan Introduction One of the world’s worst humanitarian crisis is currently unfolding in the Darfur region of the Sudan. For the past 22 months, more than 70,000 Sudanese have been killed, and nearly 2 million people have fled their homes to neighboring countries. This paper attempts to explore this present day civil war and genocide taking place in the Sudan. This is an event of epic proportions that will have vast implications for the future of the country and the continent....   [tags: Darfur Region of the Sudan]

Term Papers
4136 words (11.8 pages)

Slavery in Sudan Essay

- Slavery predates writing and can be found in almost all cultures and continents. Historically, slavery was the form that most conquistadors used to dominate people years ago. The conquistadors sold and kidnapped humans to do the physical work for them. In Africa where the human tread persist in this days, Sudan has been facing the slavery problem since twenty century. Most slaves were initially captured in wars or kidnapped in isolated raids, but some were sold into slavery trade by their parents as a means of surviving extreme conditions....   [tags: history, arab heritage]

Term Papers
883 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on Sudan Case Study

- Sudan Case Study Sudan is a country with multitudes of problems. I will address just a portion of the many problems this country face but must first began with a very brief background. Sudan is a very large country located on the continent of Africa. Sudan has a very diverse landscape ranging from deserts, to mountain ranges, rainforests, and swamps; to name a few. It is estimated that Sudan has a population of 34 million people. Out of the 34 million people, the indigenous Black Africans make-up the majority in the south, while the Arabs account for the majority in the north....   [tags: Sudan Foreign Studies Relations]

Term Papers
1177 words (3.4 pages)