Essay about Socrates 's Theory Of Defense

Essay about Socrates 's Theory Of Defense

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Socrates was one of the wisest people to walk the earth, and he didn’t even know it. His questioning, reasoning, and expertise in the Apology convey the amount of wisdom he endowed. Through his statements, Socrates sounds like he contradicted himself, but rather, both statements made about obeying law and breaking the law are correct. Socrates said that he would obey the commands of the city, only if the commands were just. He should not be on trial, because he did nothing to invoke injustice upon himself. He committed no crime; therefore, he will continue practicing philosophy no matter what the consequence.
Socrates sounds contradictory in his statements, but the case is quite the opposite. He believes each statement as truth, but doesn’t elaborate on the second statement as much. To explain this, I will evaluate Socrates defense in court. He first clarifies to the jury, “I would say to you, ‘Gentlemen of the jury, I am grateful and I am your friend, but I will obey the god rather than you, and as long as I explains he will disobey their commands, but what Socrates said before the trial is key to understanding what he means in this statement. He believes that he is being tried in an unjust way. To bring this up, he first explains to the court the charges that he is being tried for; corrupting the youth of Athens through practicing philosophy and accepting gods not recognized by the state.
During the trial, Socrates, accused of being a bad influence on the youth of Athens, questions Meletus about who is giving the youth good influence. Meletus responds by saying the judges, councilors, and members of the Assembly had a major influence on the youth. They possessed expertise and knowledge about the law. Socrates reasons with Melet...


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...e they contradict each other completely. Rather, these two statements made by Socrates make sense together, he just didn’t finish his second statement. He needed to conclude the statement with a stipulation of obeying the commands of a city, only if they are used justly. If laws are not carried out in a just way, then they do not apply, since a person is not breaking any rules of the city.
The whole situation that Socrates was put in was very unjust. He was put on trial for a crime he did not commit. He acted very justly during the trial, trying to reason with Meletus and the judges, but was found guilty of not recognizing the Greek gods, even though there was no evidence found. Socrates was just trying to be a good guy, supporting justice, without corrupting the youth of the nation, and was killed for voicing and defending the principles he was trying to support.

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