Essay on The Scramble for Africa

Essay on The Scramble for Africa

Length: 1166 words (3.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview


What was the Scramble for Africa?

The Scramble for Africa was a period of time where major European countries fought over and colonized land in Africa, stretching from South Africa to Egypt. The scramble for Africa began shortly after the slave trade, and ended at WW1, and is a strong representation of the ‘New Imperialism’. The first country to act was Belgium, who colonized Congo at 1885, but soon, other countries such as Portugal and Great Britain joined in in order to not miss out. Firstly, the European could not colonize Africa easily, due to Africa’s giant land mass and the diseases that spread throughout the land. But then, came the Steam train, Maxim guns and new cures for diseases that paved the way for the Europeans to control Africa. Since one of the reasons Europeans wanted to colonize Africa was that they wanted to ‘civilize’ the people, the leader of Germany, Otto Von Bismarck, decide that they have a conference to split the land and not fight each other. Soon, in 1914, nearly all African countries were colonized by Europeans except for Ethiopia and Liberia. Different countries had different styles of colonization. For example, France was less eager to let the African chiefs take control of their colonies than Britain, who set up a African Government to their colonies. Basically, the scramble for Africa was a period of time when European countries colonized Africa.
Why did the European countries colonize Africa? How could they benefit from this?


Slave Trade:
There are a lot of causes of the scramble for Africa, and one of them was to ‘liberate’ the slaves in Africa after the slave trade ended. The slave trade was a time during the age of colonization when the Europeans, American and African traded with each oth...


... middle of paper ...


...e information I have gathered to present to you.



Works Cited

African History: What Caused the Scramble for Africa. Alistair Boddy-Evans, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2014.
.
Why Did Europeans Colonize Africa. Saylor Foundation, n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
HIST252-Subunit-2.3.2-Why-Did-Europe-Colonize-FINAL.pdf>.

Spark Notes: The Scramble for Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014. history/european/1871-1914/section5.rhtml>.
The New Imperialism and the Scramble for Africa 1880-1914. Jeff Taylor, n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
.
Exploring Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2014. curriculum/m7b/activity2.php>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Scramble for Africa Essay

- The Scramble for Africa is one of the best examples of colonization in world history. Europe alone managed to colonize the entire African continent in a period of roughly twenty five years, spanning from 1875 to 1900. The quest for power by European nations was only one of the driving forces for this race for colonization. The geographical location and the natural resources to be exploited in certain regions of the continent were important factors in the race for land. Another factor that contributed to the colonization of Africa was the end of the slave trade....   [tags: World History]

Strong Essays
1669 words (4.8 pages)

Essay on The Scramble for Africa

- ... Some followed traditional beliefs while others converted to Islam and Christianity. Europeans and Africans traded some commodities such as gold, ivory, and spices. Africans kept Europeans under control and from becoming too powerful with their strong armies. It wasn’t until the mid-1800s that the Europeans took control over Africa. Overtime, Europeans discovered quinine, which prevented malaria. Europeans also developed the Maxim Gun, which was stronger than African weapons. With both factors that were preventing Europeans from conquering Africa gone, who was to stop them from taking the golden opportunity....   [tags: tribes, imperialism, weapons]

Strong Essays
594 words (1.7 pages)

The European Scramble for Africa Essays

- The scramble for Africa is a significant moment in world history that demonstrated the beginning of a great transformation for the Africans. The increase of European claims of African territories during the New Imperialism period and reflected Europe’s economic, social, and military evolution. The start of the 1880s provided for European rule a small part of Africa with areas largely restricted to the coast and small inland areas along major rivers such as the Niger and the Congo. Learning the causes of the scramble for Africa will lead to understanding Europe’s perception of superiority with the duty to spread western civilization throughout the world which also leads to this discussion on...   [tags: superiority, military, economic, social]

Strong Essays
910 words (2.6 pages)

The Scramble for Africa Essay

- The scramble for Africa represents the most thorough and systematic process of colonialism in world history. The European colonial powers managed to conquer and control almost the entire continent of Africa in a short, twenty-five year period from about 1875 to 1900. Some of the European states involved were already well-established global powers; the others were up and coming nations that desired to emulate and compete with the dominant imperial states. Various factors allowed for and contributed to the conquering of the whole of Africa by European states....   [tags: World History]

Strong Essays
1018 words (2.9 pages)

Essay about The European Scramble Affected People in Africa

- Partition of Africa The takeover of Europeans in all of Africa is the European Scramble. The treatment of Africans was sacrificed for the materials and goods needed by the Europeans. The mistreatment caused Africans to rebel even though sometimes their battles were not won. In thirty years European troops colonized Africa in search for natural resources due to the impact of the Industrial Revolution. As a response Africans were enraged that their loved ones had to suffer, while others hoped for change and surrendered....   [tags: partition, mistreatment, violent attacks]

Strong Essays
678 words (1.9 pages)

To What Extent was the European ‘Scramble for Africa’ Driven by Economic Factors?

- The ‘scramble for Africa’ was a phenomenon in the world between the years 1880-1914. The ‘dark continent’ was relatively untouched by Europeans up until this point, with few ports of control on the coasts in the west, which were remnants of the slave trade, and in the south, Britain held the Cape, taken from the Dutch during the French Revolutionary Wars. So, during a period of 30 years, it came to pass that almost the whole of Africa was taken by Europeans. (Except Liberia a colony for freed American slaves, and Abyssinia managed to hold out against Italian aggression)....   [tags: Economics]

Strong Essays
2162 words (6.2 pages)

Negative Affects of Imperialism in Africa in the 19th Century Essay examples

- Throughout history, imperialism by one nation on another has had many negative influences on the nation being colonized. The legacy of European imperialism in Africa in the 19th century was negative. Imperialism negatively affected Africa politically, economically, and culturally. In terms of political changes, European imperialism negatively affected Africa. Firstly, European colonization created enormous conflict between colonists and the African people. African resistance to “The Scramble for Africa” lead to the instability of Africa’s political structure....   [tags: Africa ]

Strong Essays
1758 words (5 pages)

The Effects of European Imperialism on Africa Essay

- By the year 1924, approximately one-quarter of the world’s total land area and population was under the control of the British Empire. This was the time at which it was at its peak -- however, the British were faced with an abundance of competition during this time. Preceded very closely by the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries, this sudden hunger for expansion was felt by many “famished” countries in Europe -- and elsewhere around the world -- that wished to acquire new territories and, in so doing, gain status and boost their economies....   [tags: British Europe, Africa, Germany]

Strong Essays
933 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on Spread of European Imperialism in Africa

- The 18th and 19th centuries were known as the height of Imperialism. European countries became more and more engaged in the “Scramble for Africa”. Nations including Britain, Spain, France, Portugal, Belgium, and Germany raced to conquer lands in Africa. Imperialism in Africa had many negative and positive effects on the conquered country. It brought modernized technology and certain reforms, while it also introduced racist laws, enforced harsh labors, and ruined the economies of many colonies. Although European imperialism in Africa brought modernized technology, Imperialism was not beneficial for Africa due to the social, economic, and political costs that the Europeans brought....   [tags: imperialism, african colonies, africa]

Strong Essays
931 words (2.7 pages)

Motives for British Imperialism in Africa Essays

- Motives for British Imperialism in Africa Before the Europeans began the New Imperialism in Africa, very little was known about the inner parts of the continent. However, after some explorers delved deeper into the heart of Africa, the Europeans soon realized how economically important this area was, and how much they could profit from it. At the time, Britain had only small occupations of land in Africa, but after they realized that they could make money from the rich resources from the inner regions of Africa, they wanted to invade the African countries and take over....   [tags: Imperialism Africa Governmental Essays]

Strong Essays
5625 words (16.1 pages)