European countries wanted to conquer Africa in order to meet the high demand for valuables such as gold and diamonds. They also desired a place to send criminals and the mentally challenged. Military and Naval bases were needed as well. As a result of various countries trying to colonize Africa many benefits followed suit, however, many problems arose as well. Along with the partition of Africa, came many complications.
European Imperialism heavily impacted the African continent through culturally, economic, and political ideas. This era of history is heavily drenched in the aspect of ethnocentrism, which is the belief that one’s own culture is superior that of another. The Europeans colonized Africa believing that they could bring civilization, but they were often ignorant of Africa’s very complex societies. The European powers divided up the continent of Africa among themselves, without any consent from the people who actually lived there. The tribal stratification was changed to a caste system where racial, ethnic, and religious differences were of utmost importance, as delegated by European rule.
Because of the need for resources Africa could supply, the European desire for power, and the European's reaction to the White Man's burden, they took control of almost every square mile in Africa through imperialization. One of the main reasons Europeans colonized Africa was for their useful resources. There are countless assets in the African landscape that were wanted by other nations. The European countries had access to some of the worlds most needed resources such as cotton, oils, coal, gold, and diamonds because they controlled Africa. This is shown on a chart of African colonies and their exports.
This conquest had a large impact for Europe socially, politically and economically. But by the mid 17-18th centuries, social Darwinism had an intense social consequence on European colonies in Africa. Social Darwinism lead to many social repercussions for European colonies in Africa. Because Social Darwinism lead the Europeans to treat the natives like savages, it caused quite a lot of discord in the system. Europeans took advantage of the lack of unity between the natives to conquer them, and it also turned some of the different tribes against each other.
Because of this takeover, imperialism brought both positive and negative effects to Africa. One major factor in beginning imperialism in Africa was the end of the slave trade because this was how Europe was making most of their money during the 18th century. If revenue was not being brought in through the slave trade, other “products” (formerly humans) had to be traded. Greed was why Europeans could overlook the “disease, political instability, lack of transportation, and the generally unhealthy climate” (Duiker & Spielvogel 620) of Africa. If some of these off-putting factors such as transportation could be changed by the Europeans occupying Africa, then why not occupy it?
There are many positive effects for the Europeans when they conquered Africa. However, some may argue that the negative effects outweigh the positives. The want to conquer Africa often led to violent conflict, this led to many battles, and wars, resulting in a lot of money, and men lost. Document 7 shows this when it... ... middle of paper ... ...vided the indigenous people with security of person, and property in land. This is shown in Document 4, when it states, “For all its faults, colonial government provided security of person and property in lands…” This turned what used to be a uncivilized place, into a place in which had many rules to help the citizens.
Motives for British Imperialism in Africa Before the Europeans began the New Imperialism in Africa, very little was known about the inner parts of the continent. However, after some explorers delved deeper into the heart of Africa, the Europeans soon realized how economically important this area was, and how much they could profit from it. At the time, Britain had only small occupations of land in Africa, but after they realized that they could make money from the rich resources from the inner regions of Africa, they wanted to invade the African countries and take over. This led to the scramble and ultimately, the partition of Africa. During the Age of Imperialism, from 1870-1914, Britain was a major country, which proved to be true in the “carving up” and division of Africa.
Finally, the Europeans were able to do the terrible things they did because they were competing among other European nations to see who could obtain the most territory from the continent of Africa. On the other hand, it is important to mention that the media played a major role in justifying the terrible things that Europeans did during the colonialism era. After carefully analyzing the primary resources from "The Human Record" one is able to observe that their media was primarily focused on the accomplishments during the era of colonialism and it also strongly supported the European's notion that they had the right to take the Africans' territory.
The push for power was motivated by greed and an overwhelming desire to control every aspect of valuable foreign areas. One of the biggest moments in the history of colonization was the ‘Scramble for Africa’, as historians (and Professor Hopkins) refer to it as. As slaves were the biggest resource of the time, the banning of slave trade in Africa in the early nineteenth century caused European disinterest in continent that they were once heavily dependent on. Although there were localized replacements, like ivory trading, they were not as effective in keeping Europe’s interest. As a result, Africa was desperate to be relevant again, their economy depended on it.
One of the negative impacts could possibly be the encouragement to wage more wars and conduct more raids against neighbors through the implications by European civilizations when demanding more slaves. Theoretically supported by the items of exchange, where kingdoms are provided with guns in exchange for slaves may prove this idea to not be totally sparked by insanity. Also, amongst the entire Atlantic slave trade Africa was the only continent to be affected by the loss of their population. There were not enough births in Africa to offset the number of people that would be shipped overseas. Leading to the disruption of the African nation 's cultures and economies impacting the development of African history.