Firstly, the European could not colonize Africa easily, due to Africa’s giant land mass and the diseases that spread throughout the land. But then, came the Steam train, Maxim guns and new cures for diseases that paved the way for the Europeans to control Africa. Since one of the reasons Europeans wanted to colonize Africa was that they wanted to ‘civilize’ the people, the leader of Germany, Otto Von Bismarck, decide that they have a conference to split the land and not fight each other. Soon, in 1914, nearly all African countries were colonized by Europeans except for Ethiopia and Liberia. Different countries had different styles of colonization.
Another of Leopold’s objectives was to gain wealth from his acquired colony. With the Force Publique, he would force the Congolese to gather ivory from the land. Those who refused had their elders, women and children held hostage until they complied. Leopold’s International African Association was to be a humanitarian project that would help to end slavery, however, by forcing the people to work for him, he was enslaving those he supposedly sought to help. When the popularity of the bicycle rose in the late 19th, manufactures were in need of rubber for their tires.
African Security review. 16(2): 26-37. Williams, P 2006: The African Union: Prospects for regional peacekeeping after Burundi and Sudan. Review of African Political Economy, Vol 33, N 108 [Accessed 3 April 2014]. www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2013/07/egypt [Accessed 2 April 2014].
With greater exploration of the continent even more valuable resources were found. The encouragement of legitimate trade in Africa brought Europeans flocking to colonize Africa. Africa lost their independence, and along with it, their control over their natural resources. Europeans used the term the "White Man's Burden," a concept used by white colonizers in order to impose their way of life on Africans within their colonies, to ... ... middle of paper ... ...ange."
By 1885, little to no independent countries existed throughtout the whole African continent. This was due to the imperialism done by strong European countries. Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Belgium, and Spain are to blame. There are many possible contributing factors as to why the European countries decided to completely carve up Africa, split it up, imperialize the whole of the continent. Because of the need for resources Africa could supply, the European desire for power, and the European's reaction to the White Man's burden, they took control of almost every square mile in Africa through imperialization.
During the late 19th century and the early 20th century many of the European nations began their scramble for Africa which caused Many Africans to suffer from violence like wars, slavery and inequality. Although the Europeans felt power as though they were doing a great cause in the African continent during the Scramble for Africa; Africans had many reactions and actions including factors as rebellion for freedom, against the white settlers and violent resistance. In many accounts of the Africans, the Africans were in disagreement with the European's Scramble for Africa. Ndansi Kumalo an African veteran wrote in 1896 if many of them to give or keep their land. In a distrustful and agony tone he spoke of how the poor treatment of the Africans in the Ndebele rebellion against the British advances in South America to convince many others not to stay because it has impacted many Africans and many died in the process of it.
Garrison started the magazine to demand “the immediate, unconditional abolition of slavery” (Masur, 23). Finally, in 1831, a violent slave revolt was led by a slave named Nat Turner. This rebellion led to deep unrest across the states—plantation owners and their families were frightened that they would be the next target, government leaders were frantically trying to smooth things over, and slaves were increasingly getting the idea that there was a hope for their future, and their freedom, if they would only fight for it. Even Englishmen who came to visit the nation in the early 1800s noticed the stark contradiction in a country that boasted liberty and morality but insisted in keeping slave labor legal. What America did not seem to realize was that slave labor came at a high price: the paranoia of becoming slaves to Britain, the annoyance of inexorable abolitionists such as Garrison, the danger of serious slave revolts like Turner’s, and the tainted reputation of their nation.
However, major events along the way led to the Harpers Ferry Raid. For example, with Kansas choosing whether or not to become a free or slave state. That became the biggest event up until John Brown’s Raid. John Brown had always despised slavery, and this enhanced his chance as an organized revolt. The effect of his raid on Harpers Ferry affected what the South thought about abolitionists and the power that they held.
(Julius Caesar) Abraham Lincoln suffered the same problem as Julius Caesar big part of what he wanted to do was to free African Americans slaves which the mass majority of the South did not agree with, especially one man John Wilkes Booth who put a bullet to end it. Napoleon Bonaparte was the same way he was a man put into a position that he had to bring his country out of a downfall. He decided to take his country into conquest which was very successful until he the War of 1812. Afterwards he was exiled twice and then died later in 1821. (Napoleon Bonaparte) All of these men were trying to bring the country out of a economic downfall.
One tactic was to lure the tribal chief into the Spanish council and hold him hostage until their demands were met.”(Gale) These tactics often would the explorers up in situations where they were at war with the Natives. This almost ensured that exploration of the Americas was going to have negative effects. The Americas were the first to be explored. The biggest factor to why exploration had negative effe... ... middle of paper ... ...is also a small population of people alive now who are descendants of Native Americans because 90% of their population was wiped out years ago. Transitioning back to Africa, even today Africa is a poor country that has been able to slowly develop because of the tragedy exploration caused them.