Imperialism in Africa was caused by four factors in Europe: economy, politics/military, humanitarian/religion, and Social Darwinism (Ellis). The Industrial Revolution in Europe caused the need for oversea expansion because the manufacturers needed things like: rubber, petroleum, and palm oil all of which Africa had. Europe moving into Africa was also caused by nationalism, when France went into Africa so did Britain (Ellis). The difference between France and Britain was the way of rule they used. There are four different methods of imperialism: direct, indirect, protectorate, and sphere of influence.
French and British Colonialism and Imperialism in Africa Africa is home to countless cultures that all have their own unique ideas and customs. During the past couple of centuries, these cultures were threatened to the point where they almost ceased to exist. The Berlin Conference was a very important occurrence in Africa and Europe's history. It legitimized what the European powers, mainly France and Britain, had been doing for the past hundred years, without the approval of any African country. During the late nineteenth century, France and Britain began imperialistic ventures into Africa, which eventually led Leopold II to conquer the Congo.
Imperialism is a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. Imperialism occurs when a strong nation takes over a weaker nation or region and dominates its economic, political, and cultural life. During the Industrial Revolution, world powers that were mainly in Europe dominated many countries, including the Scramble for Africa. The Scramble of Africa was during the 1800s when European nations created colonial boundaries in Africa. The Scramble of Africa situation caused many problems because tribes of grouping tribes under one leader, the "white man's burden", and dependent economies.
Sahara Press Agency February 28, 2014. African leaders pledge from Abuja to strengthen democracy and security in Africa. [Accessed 3 April 2014]. The Encyclopedia Britannica, Fifteenth Edition. 1996 ISBN 0-85229-633-0.
A European council congregated in 1885 and drew up the Berlin Act, which was responsible for the carving of Africa into pieces of land for the major imperialistic powers in Europe (Lehmann “The Scramble for Africa”). Political and nationalistic rivals were fueled and each European power desired to prosper greater than their competitors did. Political goals were often achieved through imperialism. Countries competed for “strategic passages” and “overseas bases” in locations throughout Africa (Lehmann “European Imperialism). The goals of achieving the most power and wealth from various regions through imperialistic measures were realized during the age of imperialism.
Quartey-Papafio., A. (2014, March 10). Homowo Festival. Retrieved from GhanaWeb: http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/tribes/homowo_festival.php The Structure of African Traditional Religion. (1973).
What that means is once Great Britain established complete control of South Saharan Africa, they began to export the resources they found that they could use. These charts are proof of how the European's wanted resources, and that is one of the main reasons for the imperialization of Africa. Not only did the European nations want the continent's resources, but they had an equal hunger for power. A... ... middle of paper ... ...r 1885. Works Cited The DBQ Project.