Essay on Rwandan Genocide

Essay on Rwandan Genocide

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Between April and June 1994 warfare between the Hutus and Tutsis people struck in the East African country of Rwanda. To call it a tragedy would be an understatement when faced with the estimated death count of one million Tutsis and moderate Hutus over the span one hundred days. The genocide resulted from the desire to control and obtain power within Rwanda and stemmed from a history of cultural and social class conflict amongst the rival groups. This bloodshed proved to be one the most horrific events in history.

The Tutsi people had joined the Rwanda population during the 1300’s. Before the colonial era, Tutsis typically occupied the higher status in the social system and the Hutus the lower. However, mobility on the social hierarchy was possible, Hutus who obtained wealth or a large number of cattle, approximately ten or greater, could be incorporated into the Tutsi group and an impoverished Tutsi would be classified as Hutu.
In 1890, Rwanda became part of German East Africa. During the First World War, the former colonial power lost possession of Rwanda and the territory was then placed under Belgian rule. In 1957, during the great wave of decolonization, tensions increased in Rwanda. The Hutu political movement, whose goal was to gain majority rule, was gaining momentum while the Tutsi people resisted the act of democratization and the loss of their privileges and power. In November 1959, a violent incident initiated a Hutu uprisin in which hundreds of Tutsi people were killed and thousands forced to leave to neighboring countries. This marked the start of the “Hutu Peasant Revolution” which lasted until 1961. The Revolution symbolized the end of Tutsi rule and domination.
By 1962, Rwanda gained independence. A new cy...

... middle of paper ...

... the population lives below the poverty line, the country is striving to rebuild its economy, with coffee and tea production being among its main sources of foreign exchange.

 BBC News. General Information/Historical background
This site is a reliable source of information because it is recognized as a global news source.
 Holocaust Encyclopedia, quote from Ellie Wiesel
This is a reliable source because it is a website owned by a museum used for educational purposes.
• United Nations. General Information/ Historical Background
This site is a reliable source because it is owned by the United Nations.

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