"Genocide in Rwanda." United Human Rights Council. United Human Rights Council, n.d. Web. 18 Nov 2013. .
Africa has been an interesting location of conflicts. From the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea to the revolutionary conflict in Libya and Egypt, one of the greatest conflicts is the Rwandan Genocide. The Rwandan Genocide included two tribes in Rwanda: Tutsis and Hutus. Upon revenge, the Hutus massacred many Tutsis and other Hutus that supported the Tutsis. This gruesome war lasted for a 100 days. Up to this date, there have been many devastating effects on Rwanda and the global community. In addition, many people have not had many acknowledgements for the genocide but from this genocide many lessons have been learned around the world.
Throughout history the region of Africa, presently known as Rwanda has seen a major rivalry and political instability. From the early 14th century to the 20th century the Hutu’s and the Tutsi’s were foraged into the perfect ingredients for a ticking time bomb. The political structures set up along the way by the earliest settlers and the German and Belgian colonists ultimately lead to a divide and hatred between the two groups. This hatred built up and eventually caused a massive genocide. This genocide could have been prevented if the political structures didn’t bring on favoritism and political divide.
The Rwandan Genocide began on April 6, 1994 and lasted for about 100 days (History). The two groups involved, the Hutus and Tutsis, were in a massive conflict after their president was killed. The Hutus brutally killed about 800,000 Tutsis and supporters. This tragic genocide was not stopped by other countries during its peak, leaving the world wondering why. As we commemorate the 20th anniversary of the Rwandan Genocide, it is important to be informed about the tragedy.
The Rwandan Genocide was a time of ruthless slaughter in the African state of Rwanda. This time of murder would drastically symbolize the long standing racial discrimination against the Hutu. The years of segregation of the Hutu would lead to a dramatic, devastating, and deadly revolt carried out by the Hutu. The Rwandan Genocide occurred during the year of 1994 caused by years of inequality against the Hutu from the Tutsi.
“Beginning on April 6, 1994, Hutus began slaughtering the Tutsis in the African country of Rwanda. As the brutal killings continued, the world stood idly by and just watched the slaughter. Lasting 100 days, the Rwanda genocide left approximately 800,000 Tutsis and Hutu sympathizers dead” (Rosenberg 1). When Rwanda’s President, Habyrimana, was killed in a plane crash, turmoil and massacres began. A series of events escalated violence until two ethic groups were engaged in bloody battle: The Hutus and the Tutsis. Throughout the Rwandan Genocide, the Tutsis were targeted because the death of President Habyrimana and problems in social and economic life was blamed in them, thus resulting in the 100-day genocide.
“Governments are mandated by international law to protect people from genocide,” said human rights activist, Bianca Jagger, referring to the law that the United Nations failed to uphold during the Rwandan genocide of 1994. The United Nations refused to send aid to the citizens of Rwanda claiming that the atrocities were a civil war. However, this was clearly not a civil war, because only one ethnic group was armed and prepared to exterminate the other ethnic group. The Tutsi ethnic group was defined as being superior to the Hutu ethnic group by early colonists because they possessed more caucasian like features. Over time, the Hutu grew hateful of the Tutsi, because they controlled more governmental power, had prefered access to education, and received higher social status. Out of jealousy and a sense of injustice, the Hutu people became the perpetrators in the Rwandan genocide. A genocide is the intent to destroy a group by killing members of the group, causing serious bodily or mental harm to the group, and transferring children of the group to another group (Stanton). The United Nations needs to recognize the killing and near extermination of the Tutsi people as a genocide, in order to prevent future genocides from being mishandled the same way. Unsupported by the United Nations, it took the Rwandan Patriotic Front, a group of escaped Tutsis, 100 days to stop the genocide. If the U.N. had acted as soon as the first signs of the genocide appeared they could have prevented a tragic loss of lives. The Rwandan genocide of 1994 should be classified as a genocide by the United Nations because the actions of the perpetrators reflect the stages of polarization and extermination in Stanton’s theory of the eight stages of genocide.
Jones, Bruce D. "War and Genocide: History of the Rwandan Conflict." Peacemaking in Rwanda: the dynamics of failure. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001. 15-19. Print.
In order to understand the Rwandan genocide’s cause, it is important to have an understanding of the history of ethnic tension between the Hutu and Tutsi tribes. The Rwandan Kingdom, which lasted from the 11th to 20th century, was traditionally led by a Tutsi king, or mwami. While the Hutus had some power, a majority of them were poor peasants. The end of the kingdom came when Belgium colonized Rwanda and identified the separate tribes with identity cards. The Tutsis were favored by the Belgians becaus...
To understand the Rwandan genocide, it is crucial to look at the historical events that lead up to 1994.
In April of 1994, the converging forces of history culminated in one of the Twentieth Century’s most brutal crimes against humanity, in the small East African nation of Rwanda. In just one hundred days, by official estimates, over 800,000 Tutsi men, women, and children were slaughtered at the hands of Hutu majority population and government (Scheffer, 125). It is estimated that 333 human beings were slaughtered per hour during this period (Do Scars Ever Fade). By all accounts, this was a preventable genocide. The world’s most powerful nations received damning evidence regarding the mass slaughter of innocent civilians, yet refused to intervene (Ferroggiagio).
"Genocide in the 20th Century: Rwanda 1994." The History Place. N.p. N.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2012
Rwanda used to be a peaceful country until the Civil war started. Belgium then took over Rwanda and put the Tutsis in charge of the government because they had more European characteristics like the Belgium population (Anderson 1). This upset the Hutus, so the Hutus then blamed the Tutsis for the president’s assassination. The Rwandan genocide then started on April 6, 1994. It lasted for 100 brutal days. The Hutus then began to slaughter the Tutsis because there was no government control, so it was a perfect time to rebel. There were two Hutu rebellion forces named the Interhamwe which means, “Those Who Attack Together” and the Impuzamugami which means “Those Who Have the Same Goal.” There were many people that killed people close to them. Co-workers killed co-workers, friends killed friends, neighbors killed neighbors, and husband killed wives. They did this to save their own lives. They would have been killed themselves if they didn’t kill who they were told to kill (Rosenberg 1). According to Factsbits, the Hutu leaders manipulated other Hutus into killing their family, friends, and acquaintances. The Rwandan conflict is genocide because thousands of people were killed, the Hutus tried to wipe out the Tutsis, and all of this was based on ...
Genocide in Rwanda is one of the United Nation’s concerns. The conflict was between two ethnic groups, the Tutsi and the Hutu. The political conflict ended up in the shooting down of the plane by Tutsi as President Habyarimana who was a Hutu was in the plane. As the population of Hutu largely exceeded those of Tutsi, the decimation of Tutsi population by Hutu happened for weeks and the amount of reported deaths was roughly 800, 000. The genocide came to an end when the Hutu perpetrator regime was defeated by the Tutsi group.