Roman Law And The Roman Republic Essay

Roman Law And The Roman Republic Essay

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One of the reasons Rome was so powerful, is that they took other people’s accomplishments and used them for their own. Roman laws were mostly comprised of assimilated rules and regulations from other cultures.The Twelve Tables allowed the republic to expand and be a model for future cultures. They were the best attempt at all-encompassing laws and rights, that were binding to every person in the republic, not just Roman citizens. As such, it broke down the barriers between the classes and rights of every individual, creating equality. The key to Roman law was The Twelve Tables, as they united Romans and allowed Rome to progress past the time of the Etruscan dictators.
To begin with: as Garfield Newman explains, “The Roman Republic was a result of the people’s discontent with the tyrannical, domineering attitudes of the Etruscan kings”, The corrupt kings gave citizens something to rally against, this led to the uprising of the Roman aristocrats against the final Etruscan King, Lucius Tarquinius. Shortly after the fall of Etruscan rule, the Roman Republic created a constitution with the Twelve Tables at it’s roots. The Roman government was very strong which allowed for Rome to expand, “Polybius, who was a Greek states-man held hostage in Rome, sought to explain Rome’s ability to prosper and expand. He concluded that the Roman Constitution was largely responsible for Rome’s success” Therefore the Twelve Tables was a large contributor in Rome’s Campaigns. Now, Polybius said that Rome had a successful constitution, this is because the Romans learned from their mistakes with the Etruscan kings and as Polybius would go on to say Romans “all shared in the control of the Roman state”, “it is evident that we must regard as the best constitu...

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... Citizenship was obtained by birthright, foreigners can be rewarded it, and all free slaves were given citizenship.
“In AD 212 all free inhabitants of the empire were finally granted citizenship”, this allowed a large portion of the public to be held under one name, Roman. The unification of Roman citizens, Patricians and Plebeians, is all thanks to the Twelve Tables.
The Twelve Tables united Romans and jump started Rome to make progress after the rule of the tyrant Etruscan kings. The Twelve Tables helped to bridge the gap between the plebeians and patricians. They were a successful attempt at human rights for all, and allowed the republic to be a model for future cultures. Almost everything in Rome was influenced in some way, by other civilizations, especially the Roman law. This diversity is what made Rome one of the most powerful societies of the Ancient World.

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