Justinian was one of the most influential rulers of Byzantium. When he came into power in 527 AD, he inherited a civilization in disarray. Justinian had a positive impact on the Byzantine Empire. Most notably, he introduced an improved set of laws and conquered many surrounding nations, nearly restoring the former glory of the Roman Empire. In addition to these contributions, Justinian also made advances with the Christian Church and Byzantine architecture.
Justinian was born on May 11, 483 AD in northern Illyricum (Hillard 1). His parents, who were farmers, gave him the name Flavius Peterus Sabbatus, but he changed his name when he was older to be more similar to his uncle, Justin, who adopted Justinian as his own son (Trafton 1). Justin took on the responsibility of Justinian’s education and took him to study in Constantinople as a teenager. Justinian began to work with his uncle, who was the Count of the Excubitors and a well-known man in politics (Treadgold 58). The Excubitors were the emperor’s guards and Justin’s job as the count included leading those soldiers. After Anastasius, the emperor at the time, died without announcing a successor, Justin was chosen by Anastasius’ courtiers to be the next ruler. Justin was close to 70 years old and uneducated, so he enlisted his nephew, who was then 36 years old, to assist him in his reign (Treadgold 58). When his uncle became emperor in 518 AD, Justinian became one of Justin’s advisors. As Justin grew older, he began to give Justinian’s opinions more weight in his own decisions.
In 522 AD, Justinian met a former actress. Her name was Theodora, and she had given up her original career after becoming a Christian, beginning to make a living spinning wool instead. At the...
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Was Justinian really that much of a leader that he impacted life as we know it , or was he just someone who kept trying to bring back a civilization that was already too far gone? Some might say that without Justinian humanity would be a step further back than where we are at, others may argue evermore that Justinian was a two-faced liar who could not be trusted (Doc. 2). Contrary to many beliefs , Justinian created a new Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome that is very influential to many different cultures, more advanced and educated than Rome is, and more economically thriving than the Roman Empire.
...y the new order he had created. The victor in the struggle, his son Constantinus II, was an Arian, but he was no less committed to the Christianization of the empire than his father. Paganism survived, but only during the short reign of Julian the Apostate was it again represented on the imperial throne.
After reading 9 documents about Justinian and his empire, I have to determine whether Justinian built a completely new empire or did he revive the Roman Empire. Based off of documents 1 through 9, I have came to the conclusion that Justinian created a new Byzantine Empire.
Justinian was one of most ambitious and greatly regarded Roman emperors during the Byzantium era. He took back Africa and Italy from the Vandals and the Goths, rebuilt the Hagia Sophia, and wrote the Corpus Juris Civilis, a complete overhaul of Roman law (Late Antiquity: A Guide to the Postclassical World). However, his success in these endeavors would not have been possible without his wife, Theodora. In his book “The Empress Theodora: Partner of Justinian”, James Allen Evans writes, “Theodora was, to quote Justinian’s own words in one of his laws, “our most pious consort given us by God””. Theodora was instrumental in restoring Roman rule to the west and further expanding the empire. With her influence, she increased women’s rights, kept
In The Secret History, Prokopios attacks Justinian’s treatments of his soldiers, writing, “I must not pass over his treatment of the soldiers, over whom he appointed paymasters with instructions to hold out as much of their money as they found possible…” In addition to attacking Justinian’s treatment of his soldiers, Prokopios also attacks Justinian for is mistreatment of the food supply. He claims that, “Most of the great stores of grain that had been kept in Constantinople had rotted; but he forced each of the cities of the East to buy what was not fit for human consumption…” Both of these claims are serious character attacks on Justinian. They attempt to show that there was thought about the good of the group over the thoughts of the good of Justinian. Rather than treating those who sacrificed for the greater good of the empire, Justinian looked only to make personal gains, according to The Secret
The Roman Emperor Claudius was born on August 1st, to the parents of Drusus Claudius Nero and Livia. Though his life is not a simple as that. He was born with a few birth defects causing him to drool and limp about. Leading to his parents keeping him hidden throughout most of his adolescence. With him being secluded his whole life, it lead to him having more time to study and throwing his extra time into gaining knowledge. Having been the butt of his Nehpew Gaius’s jokes his life was about to change when he was promoted to suffect consulship.
Theodora was the wife of the Byzantine Emperor. She had immense power, as she was her husband's steely adviser. Theodora had restored icons to Eastern Churches in 843. Theodora had become an actress and had been well known in her teens. The Byzantine’s future ruler had met her and had fallen in love, but she had been an actress, it had meant that they could not marry because there was a law that said actresses could not marry. He had her named as a member of the noble class, and it had changed so it no longer applied to former actresses. They had married and then two years later they had become Emperor and Empress of the Byzantine Empire. She had worked alongside him for more than 20 years. She had made divorce laws more favorable for women.
Procopius of Caesarea was a scholar and contemporary historian from Palaestina, who wrote about the reign of the Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian during the time of 527-560 AD . One of the most interesting and important writing by Procopius is Anecdota or better known as “Secret History”. The Secret History was written around 550 AD and it includes Procopius’s true thoughts and criticisms of Justinian as a person and as an emperor.
Theodora adequately influenced the history of the Byzantium, not only by helping her husband Justinian I but also by changing the laws and rights. Because of these acts she is referred as a heroine. Theodora nevertheless had historians like Procopius putting the spotlight on the deaths the dissuasion cost. (Ancient History
The Middle Ages was a period of stagnation wedged between the time of the Roman Empire and the Modern Age. Many people may write this entire period off as historically unproductive and therefore pointless to study. However, comprehending this period is essential to understanding modern Europe, and one man who certainly merits study for his work during this time is the Byzantine emperor Justinian I. This paper will examine Justinian’s positive and negative influence in the medieval era through religion, building projects, the Gothic War, and the Justinian Code.
Justinian was of a modest origin, and often drew upon counselors and administrators from outside the aristocratic class which caused tension throughout his rule with the Byzantine nobility. Justinian’s policies caused civil unrest in the empire; popular outrage caused the Nika Riot in 532. The riot caused severe damage, resulting in the burning of churches and imperial buildings. As a result of the damage, Justinian was able to do extensive rebuilding of the city. He took strides to initiate architectural achievements and art, employing architects that were skilled in physics, engineering, and mathematics, resulting in revolutionary new designs. Justinian was also responsible for shaping church policies, foreign affairs, art, and architecture. Religion was just as important to Justinian. He took a leading role in the church, extinguishing Greco-Roman Paganism, and coming into direct conflict with the papacy in 543. In foreign affairs, Justinian sought to recover the territory lost to Italy and North Africa, so he was responsible for one of the most aggressive military during medieval
Flavius Belisarius was born in Germania, Illyria in 505 CE. Very little is known about his ethnic background, but some traditions say he was of Slavic background (Barker 1). He was assigned under Justinian's command when he was about twenty-five years old, and he was awarded full command of the army (Barker 1). He led armies against the Sāsānian Empire (Persia), the Vandal Kingdom (North Africa), the Ostrogoths (Italy), and the other barbaric tribes that intruded Constantinople during Justinian's reign (Mark 1).
In all the structures and the differences introduced into the mode of construction of the third church, Justinian must have earned respect from his subjects not only because of his position as a ruler, but also as a role model (Nelson 100).