Essay on The Rise Of The Middle West And East On The Islamic World

Essay on The Rise Of The Middle West And East On The Islamic World

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The 11th century to the 13th century saw invasions from both the West and East on the Islamic world. The European Crusaders came from the West and changed life completely not only for Muslims in Arabia and the Mediterranean, but for the European Western world, and future relations between Christianity and Islam, which is still prevalent today. The invaders from the East came not long after, and whilst the invasion of the Mongols did not last for nearly as long as the Crusades, these nomadic warriors arguably brought far more death and destruction to the Islamic world. However, whilst the Mongols had a far more immediate devastating impact on the Islamic world, in retrospect the Crusaders had a far more long term impact and acted as the starting point for the lasting tension between Islam and Christianity and furthermore the East vs the West.
The crusades were a series of 4 religious based wars, that began in 1095 and lasted until 1291, in which Western Christians (most notably from Italy and France) invaded the Mediterranean and Middle East, in an attempt to recover the holy city of Jerusalem from the Muslim people, who were seen as the enemy. From the Christian point of view, the crusades were perceived as a holy war done to reunite Christian loyalty and faith, and also to recover Jerusalem and to protect the Christian faith and people from the spread of Islam. However, the Christian retelling of this event is the most common, and there is very little showing the Muslim perspective, Middle Eastern perspective, including Jews and Orthodox Christians, who also suffered greatly at the hands of the crusaders, or for that matter, any evidence showing an unfavourable light on the crusaders. The alternate view, suggests that the Western...


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...as briefly captured during which many different holy places were sacked and destroyed. In the long term, many scholars argue that the Crusades was the beginning for the war between Islam and Christianity, and the West vs the Middle East. This is a feud that is still continuing today, in what is often referred to as a ‘clash of civilisations’, and has been especially more prominent since 9/11, with most people associating acts of terrorism with “Islam, Muslims and Arabs directed at ‘Christian America’” (pp.7). Certain scholars, such as Samuel Huntington, argue that this in fact dates back to the Crusades, which is reiterated by Bernard Lewis as, “the perhaps irrational but surely historic reaction of ancient rival against our Judeo-Christian heritage” (1990 para.46). Huntington further expresses that this war between Islam and the West is going to end (1993, para.25).

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